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Structure and Functions of the League of Nations

A beautiful presentation by Richard, Elaine, Sonya, and Stephanie informing the class about the League of Nations
by

Sonya Ye

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Structure and Functions of the League of Nations

Structure and Functions
of the
League of Nations Council Secretariat Staff Functions Classification Meetings Members Main Function Structure Basic Structure In Practice Functions Assembly -Annual conference of League of Nations Member States in Geneva
-Each nation had up to three representatives
-However a nation would only have one vote
-Functions include the control of the budget, control over membership, and the appointing of the Council -Self governing countries can be annexed with a 2/3 vote of the assembly
-May deal at its meetings with any matter within the sphere of action of the League or affecting the peace of the world
-Select four representatives to be in the Council
-Approve the selection of the Secretary General through a majority vote
-Reconsider past treaties that threaten the peace
-Approve amendments to the covenant -Was the general directing force of League activities
-Sat down and discussed a problem in an orderly and peaceful manner
-Listened to disputes and came to a decision on how to proceed
-If a nation was seen to be an aggressor, the League could introduce verbal sanctions -A type of Executive body directing the Assembly’s business
-Consists of the Representatives of the Principled Allied and Associated Powers along with the Representatives of four other Members of the League
-Decision-making body of the League -Began with four permanent members
-Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan
-Four non-permanent members, elected by the Assembly for a three year period
-The first four non-permanent members were Belgium, Brazil, Greece, and Spain
-The United States was supposed to be the fifth permanent member, but the US Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles on March 1920 -Settle international disputes
-When an issue was brought to attention by the League, the Council created a commission to investigate it
-Plans can be reconsidered and revised at least every ten years
-Can formulate and submit to the Members of the League adoption plans for the Establishment of the Permanent Court of Justice -Council Meetings held in ordinary sessions four times a year, and as often needed in extraordinary sessions
-Each member can only have one vote and cannot have more than one representative
-Met for the first time on January 16, 1920 -Under the direction of the Secretary General
-Three Secretary Generals
-Eric Drummond (1919-1932)
-Joseph Avenol (1933-1940)
-Sean Lester (1940-1946)
-Other staff members
-Deputy Secretary General, Under Secretary General, various sections and administrative services, auxiliary offices in other nations
-Officials were granted diplomatic privileges and immunities, but were expected to remain neutral towards their own nations -Served as an executive body for the League of Nations
-Assisted the Assembly and the Council in preparation of their work
-Administrative and financial work
-Documentation
-Treaties between member states
-Material and technical work
-Dissemination of information Department I
-Department of General Affairs
-Included former Political Minorities Section, Mandates Section, Disarmament Section, Intellectual Cooperation and International Bureaux Section
Department II
-Included Economic and Financial Section and the Transit Section
Department III
-Included former Health, Social Questions and Opium Traffic Sections, the Intellectual Cooperation and International Bureaux Section (after 1940) Richard Zong, Elaine Jeon, Sonya Ye, Stephanie Yu Permanent Court of
International Justice International
Labor Organization The end of PCIJ Chambers Process Basic Information Structure Continued Basic Information (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr -1919 at Paris Conference
-To maintain “fair and humane conditions of labor for men, women, and children” (Article 23a from the Covenant)
-All member nations of the League are members of the ILO
-Goal to establish raise international social standards
-Social dialogue between trade unions & employers
-League of Nations end ILO signed an agreement with the U.N. to cooperate with it 1. Governing Body
-Executive council of ILO
-3 times a year in Geneva
-Takes the decisions on ILO policies to establish programs and budget, which the Conference adopts
2. International Labor Conference
-The “Parliament”
-Set labor standards and broader policies
-Meet annually
-Discuss key social & labor questions
3. International Labor Office
-Secretariat of ILO
-Decentralized Regional, Area, Branch offices -How votes are divided (at national delegation)
-Government Official: 50%
-Employer: 25%
-Laborer: 25%
-Government Officials
-Spokesmen at national delegations
-All groups important -Established in 1922
-The League’s Council wanted a court to settle international conflicts (Article XIV of the Covenant)
-The League’s second session: February, 1920; Council appointed 10 jurists for the Court
-December, 1920: The League’s Assembly adopted the Statute of the PCIJ
-September, 1921: First election of judges
-May, 1922: First case 1. Nomination of Judges
2. Election of Judges 1. Labor Cases
-Part XIII of Treaty of Versailles
-International Labor Organization affiliated with the League
2. Transit Cases
-Transit and communications
-Part XII of Treaty of Versailles
-Ports, Waterways, Railways
3. Summary Procedure
-3 judges, elected annually
-Hear and determine cases with summary procedure
-Agreement between parties --> jurisdiction WWII
Last session in Hague: February, 1940
Before Germany invaded Netherlands
Wanted to bring post-war international order (1944)
New International Court of Justice that could work with the United Nations
Full transcript