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Nicaraguan Sign Language and the Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity

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Madeline St. John

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Nicaraguan Sign Language and the Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity

Nicaraguan Sign language To what extent does our language shape our knowledge and understanding of the world? How have scientists attempted to answer this knowledge issue question? Relativism vs. Universalism "Sapir-Whorf" hypothesis The Paradox of Collecting Linguistic Evidence The Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis The Universality Hypothesis Other Counter-Claims:

Biological
Culture and Behavior Thank you for Listening! References

Boroditsky, Lera. "Linguistic Relativity." Standford University Department of Psychology. Stanford University, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. <www-psych.stanford.edu/~lera/papers/ECS-proofs.pdf>.

Casasanto, Daniel , Lera Boroditsky, Webb Phillips, Jesse Greene, Shima Goswami, Simon Bocanegra-Thiel, Ilia Santiago-Diaz, Olga Fotokopoulu, Ria Pita, and David Gil. "How deep are effects of language? Time Estimation in Speakers of English, Indonesian, Spanish, and Greek." Cognitive Science Program. Northwestern University, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. <www.cogsci.northwestern.edu/cogsci2004/papers/paper575.pdf>.

Gross, Jessica. "5 examples of how the languages we speak can affect the way we think | TED Blog." TED Blog: Further reading on ideas worth spreading. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2013. <http://blog.ted.com/2013/02/19/5-examples-of-how-the-languages-we-speak-can-affect-the-way-we-think/>.

Munger, Dave. "Does our language affect our thoughts? – Cognitive Daily." ScienceBlogs-Where the world turns to talk about science.. Science Blogs, n.d. Web. 1 May 2013. <http://scienceblogs.com/cognitivedaily/2005/05/13/does-our-language-affect-our-t/>.

Regier, Terry , Paul Kay, Aubrey L. Gilbert, and Richard B. Ivry. "Language and thought: Which side are you on, anyway?." International Computer Science Institute. University of Chicago and University of Californa, Berkley, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <www1.icsi.berkeley.edu/~kay/lehigh.preprint.pdf>.

Swoyer, Chris. "How does Language Affect Thought?." University of Oklahoma Department of Philosophy. University of Oklahoma, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <www.ou.edu/ouphil/faculty/swoyer/LanguageThought.pdf>.


Yong, Ed. " New Nicaraguan sign language shows how language affects thought : Not Exactly Rocket Science." Discover Magazine Blogs. N.p., 22 June 2010. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2010/06/22/new-nicaraguan-sign-language-shows-how-language-affects-thought/>. The Study and What was Found This was what made the case of the sign language in Nicaragua so special. Different Cultures Other factors "We dissect nature along lines laid down by our native languages."
—Whorf All languages are based upon universal cognitive options and the ways in which they differ are superficial. The brain is a machine. The Effect of Language on Thought Other Studies 1984 "Don't you see that the aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?" --1984 by George Orwell Newspeak It's double plus good! Futured vs. Futureless languages $$$$$$ $$$ Gender markings in Finnish and Hebrew hän hoa heya What are some adjectives you would use to describe a key? hard, serrated, useful, metal

or

golden, tiny, intricate, lovely? fragile, beautiful, elegant, slender, pretty

or

long, big, strong, dangerous? Other Languages Developing Children New Special Education Schools Nicaragua in the 1980s Cannot use linguistic data to make inferences about non-linguistic thinking Nicaraguan Sign Language
and What are some adjectives you would use to describe a bridge? Linguistic differences are subjective. Formation of New and organic language Censure
Propaganda
Book Banning By trying to understand the differences created by language, we can...
learn how the patterns of our own language influence us without us even realizing it
learn to manipulate these patterns to our advantage
come to understand what is universal about human knowledge. Image sources:
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