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Copy of An Introduction to Anthem by Ayn Rand

Dystopian Society, Collectivism/Objectivism
by

Kristine deVaux

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Copy of An Introduction to Anthem by Ayn Rand

Anthem
by Ayn Rand
Anthem is written as the diary of Equality 7-2521, a young man living in a future in which people have lost all knowledge of individualism. It is a world in which the word “I” has vanished from the language and aspects of daily life are dictated by Councils. Equality's curiosity leads him to forbidden discoveries and eventually the greatest discovery of all.
Utopia
A place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions.
A society characterized by oppression, misery, and the illusion of a perfect society.
Information, independent thought, and freedoms are restricted.
Citizens fear the outside world.
The natural world is banished and distrusted.
Citizens live in a dehumanized state.
Citizens conform to uniform expectations. Individuality and dissent are bad.
A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society.
Dystopia
The Dystopian Protagonist:
Often feels trapped and is struggling to escape
Questions the existing social and political systems.
Believes or feels that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives
Helps the audience recognize the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective.
About the Book
Does Equality 7-2521 fit the description of a dystopian protagonist? Why or why not?
Dystopias, through an exaggerated worse-case scenario, make a criticism about a current trend, societal norm or political system.
Examples of Dystopian Societies
About the author
The transition from adolescence to adulthood involves developing a personal identity, a sense of self. Think about characteristics that make you uniquely you. Consider your mission statement; future goals and dreams; what you value in a friend; favorite pets; preferred sports and hobbies; best-loved music, literature, movies, etc.
Quick Write
Born Alissa Rosenbaum in
St. Petersburg, Russia
February 5, 1905
to a middle class family
Lived during the Russian Civil War and the Bolshevik Revolution; these gave way in 1917 to the Communist era in Russia.
When she was 12, her father's pharmacy was taken by the communist government and the family was forced to live in extreme poverty.
Her family then escaped to the Crimea, where Alissa finished high school.
Anthem was published in Great Britain in 1938...
just before the start of WWII
An American history class she took in her last year of high school convinced her that the United States was a model of what a nation of free men could be.
It was not published in the United States until 1946.
Collectivism
“The subjugation of the individual to the group—whether to a race, class, or a state does not matter. Collectivism holds that man must be chained to a collective and collective thought for the sake of what is called ‘the common good’.”
The individual is owned by the group
No right to private existence
No right to lead his own life
No right to use his own property
No right to go after his own happiness
Worth is determined by his service to the group
Objectivism
The purpose of one’s life is the pursuit of their own happiness. The only way that can happen is in a social system that fully respects individual rights.
Ayn Rand's personal philosophy in life was objectivism.
“Individualism regards man—every man—as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to his own life"
This does not mean that one can do whatever he feels like doing, it means that every man is an individual and has the same rights.
Individualism
Which "-ism"
do you see in "Anthem"?
Ayn Rand
Stalin was the leader of the USSR. He ordered the execution of all those who opposed him, especially independent thinkers and intellectuals. Millions were killed, including government officials, those in the military, and the everyday citizen. Forced labor camps were also assembled and many died of starvation within them.
communism, collectivism, objectivism, or individualism
She escaped to the U.S.A. in 1926, after Stalin ascended
to power.

She was 21 years old.
At this that time, after the Russian Revolution in 1917, the Crimea became a republic. It is currently the center of a dispute between Russia and the Ukraine.
Her family returned from
the Crimea, and Alissa attended the University of Petrograd.

She graduated in 1924, but while she was there she saw communism take over education and limit free thought.
Who else is 21?
Full transcript