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The 1916 Rising

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 16 September 2017

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Transcript of The 1916 Rising

The 1916 Rising
The 1916 Rising
The IRB leaders began to make a plan for a rising soon after the start of WW1.
The IRB believed that England's difficulty was Ireland's opportunity.
They felt that this was a good time to organise a rising because the English governments attention ould be turned to the war.
The IRB formed a military council to organise the rising.
The members of the council included, Thomas Clarke, Sean Mc Dermott, Patrick Pearse, Joseph Plunkett, Eamonn Ceannt, Thomas Mac Donagh.
Military Council Plans
The military council needed arms and ammunition and they needed men for the rising.
Arms from Germany
The military council sent Roger Casement to Germany soon after the war began. His mission was to obtain arms and ammunition from England's enemy in the war. The German's gave him 20,000 rifles, ten machine guns and ammunition. These were loaded on board the Aud and set sail for Ireland.
Involving the Irish Volunteers
Because the Military Council members wanted to keep their plans secret, they deceived Eoin Mac Neill and the Irish Volunteers.
Mac Neill and the Volunteers were needed to provide men for the rising. But Mac Neill was opposed to a rising.
He believed that the Irish people did not want a rebellion. He would order the Irish Volunteers to rebel only if they were attacked first by the British government or if conscription was introduced.
Just befor Easter 1916, the Military Council showed Mac Neill a document.
The Castle Document said the British government was planning to disarm the Volunteers.
As a result Mac Neill allowed the Irish Volunteers to go ahead with drills and maneuvers planned for Easter Sunday.
The Plans Go Wrong
It now seemed as if all the plans were working out. Arms would be landed in Co. Kerry.
They would be distributed to arms groups out on training exercises on Easter Sunday.
The rising would be a national countrywide rising.
Then the plans began to go wrong. On the Friday before Easter, the Aud was captured in Tralee Bay, off the Kerry coast.
The arms were sunk and Roger Casement was captured in Kerry after coming ashore from a German submarine.
Learning Intention
To analyse the 1916 Rising
What do you already know about The Rising?
But they also wanted to keep their plans secret, because of the danger that spies would provide information to the British government.

In 1916 the council decided the rising would take place at Easter. They also persuaded James Connolly to bring the Irish Citizen Army into the planned rising.
The Plans Go Wrong
Mac Neill found out the Castle Document was a forgery.
He then cancelled the Volunteer maneuvers for Easter Sunday.
He placed an advertisement in the Sunday Independent.
The Rising Goes Ahead
The members of the Military Council met on Easter Sunday.
They decided to go ahead with the rising on Easter Monday.
They were influenced by Pearse's ideas of Blood Sacrifice, that their deaths would inspire the rest of the Irish people and reawaken the national spirit.
However, now the rising was confined to Dublin. It also had no hope of military success.
The Rising Goes Ahead
On Easter Monday morning, about 1,500 Volunteers and members of the Irish Citizen Army launched the 1916 Rising.
They took over key buildings in the city centre.
Pearse and Connolly took over the General Post Office in Sackville Street and used it as headquarters.
Pearse read the Proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the GPO.
Other groups took over Jacob's Factory, Boland's Mills and the Four Courts.
However, they failed to capture Dublin Castle which was the centre of British government in Ireland.
The British Government Responds
The British government was taken by surprise.
Reinforcement was brought in from the Curragh and from England.
A military cordon/barrier was thrown around Dublin.
By Wednesday the rebels were outnumbered twenty to one.
Artillery was brought in and a gunboat, the Helga was brought up the Liffey to shell the GPO.
End of the Rising
By the end of the week, the city centre was in ruins, the rebel positions were surrounded, widespread looting was occurring and many civilians had been killed.
Pearse surrendered unconditionally.
Why did the Rising fail?
The Irish Volunteers were outnumbered, and the British army also had greater fire power.
The Irish Volunteers failed to win the support of the people generally; in fact most people were angered by the rising.
The rising was largely confined to Dublin, so the British forces could concentrate its efforts there.
The tactics of the Volunteers were inadequate -they decided to take over buildings and wait to be attacked - they were easy targets.
Why did the Rising fail?
But the British government made a serious political mistake in executing the leaders of the rising and in rounding up many people who were not involved in the rising.
Irish public opinion began to favour the Rising.
It resulted in those who were involved in the Rising becoming more popular and eventually leading the main political organisation in Ireland by 1918.
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