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Spina Bifida

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by

Michelle Sanchir

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida
Signs and Symptoms
- Spina Bifida Occulta: Abnormal tuft/clump of hair, birthmark, collection of fat on skin at site of malformation
- Meningocele [rare]: Similar symptoms
- Myelomeningocele [severe]: Sac on skin at site of malformation (covered with skin/no skin covering, nerves and tissue vulnerable); muscle weakness, occasional paralysis; urinary malfunctions; seizures; orthopedic problems (deformed feet, uneven hip, curved spine, etc.)
Testing and Diagnosis:
- Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein (MSAFP) Test ~ Tests for proteins that the baby's body produces; high levels of AFP (alpha-fetoprotein) indicate defect in spine
- Ultrasound Test ~ Bounce high-frequency sound waves off internal tissue to produce images; helps locate features (such as an open spine)
- Amniocentesis Test ~ Extracts fluid from sac that surrounds baby: helps show level of AFP; high levels indicate that skin surrounding baby's spine is gone, proteins have leaked
Treatment:
- Surgery: Places disks between vertebrae back into place, closes opening
- Prenatal Surgery (before birth): Surgery performed on baby's spine as it is in uterus

No medications/antibiotics necessary, unless for secondary infection (disorder, not disease). Painkillers can be taken, physical therapy helps improve condition of spine after surgery
Probable Prognosis:
Michelle Sanchir
Simien
Medical Terminology - 7
21 September 2014

Spina Bifida

-
Spina Bifida Occulta
: Incomplete formation of vertebrae; spinal cord and meninges undamaged
-
Meningocele
: Opening in outer vertebrae; damaged meninges, pushed through opening
-
Myelomeningocele
: Opening in outer vertebrae; both spinal cord and meninges pushed through opening
Most children born with the disorder have normal intelligence, and occasionally, walk on their own. With surgery, braces, or other assistive devices, children are likely to partake in healthy, active lifestyles.
Statistics
- About 1,500 babies born with SB annually
- Prevalence rate declined 31% from 1995 to 2006
- Average occurance is 0.7 per 1000 births (US)
- Can affect any child, but is inclined towards girls
Current Events
- Folic acid fortification in foods (cereals) and pills, led to decline in prevalence
- Research supported by fundraising, walks, events, etc.; SBA of North Texas, California, Colorado, etc. [nationwide]
- October is national Spina Bifida awareness month
Works Cited
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/spina_bifida/detail_spina_bifida.htm
http://www.dariddarling.info/images/spina_bifida_1.jpg
http://www.johnflorence.com/photos/selected/spina_bifida_pelvic_band_and_kafo_spina_bifida.jpg
http://mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spina-bifida/basics/causes/con-20035356
http://www.news-medical.net/health/Spina-Bifida.aspx
http://www.cardinalglennon.com/fetalcare/PublishingImages/myelomeningocele.gif
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/spine_anen/spine_anen_fig_1.png




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