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EDA 535 State Funding Gap
Transcript of EDA 535 State Funding Gap
The development of the Title 1 Education Act was intended to address the needs of children in poverty.
3 Different types of Funding Formulas:
South Carolina Poverty Funding Gaps 2003
SC State Fiscal Capacity Educational Effort
Monday, February 17, 2014
2003-2004 Title 1 Funding Breakdown
South Carolina Ranked 36th
Factors for Allocation
Total Taxable Resources Per Student
IS THIS FAIR?
138,465 impoverished children in South Carolina
Title 1 Allocation:
$157, 877, 214
States having less than $1,140 were:
Texas North Carolina
Children in Poverty and State Funding allocations
SC Educational Effort: 3.81
Non-federal revenue (per pupil): $6,746
In 29 states that have been studied, school districts with the highest percentage of poverty received less funding and resources than those with the lowest poverty. (The Education Trust 2006)
Title 1 Allocation Per Child: $1,140
Per pupil allocations were 36th in the US
Under these 3 formulas, each state's Title 1 allocations is largely a part of two factors:
SC State Funding Gap
1. The number and concentration of school districts of each state.
2. The amount of average per-pupil expenditure in the state.
Gap Between Revenues Available per students in the highest- and lowest- poverty districts:
SC (with no adjustment for low income students) $414
SC (with adjustment for low income students) $127
Applying the strategies...
3 Suggestions to Address the Funding Gaps...
1. Teacher salaries should be included in school-level expenditures, not just the number of teaching positions.
2. Per student expenses in all Title 1 schools must be at least 100% of the average per student expenses in non-Title 1 schools.
3. Congress should require that districts publicly report per-student expenditures by funding source and by school. (Hall & Ushomirsky, 2010)
1. Merit-based pay. SC has actually adopted this.
2. More difficult to manage-Balancing federal, state, and local educational revenues.
3. Mandating accounting of expenditures and fining of district/state personnel failing to do so.
Gap Between Revenues Available per students in the highest- and lowest- minority districts:
SC (with no adjustment for low income students) $392
SC (with adjustment for low income students) $206
South Carolina Minority Funding Gaps 2003
Baker, B. D., Farrie, D., & Sciarra, D. G. (2010, September). Is school funding fair? a national report card. Retrieved from http://www.schoolfundingfairness.org/National_Report_Card.pdf
Hall, D., & Ushomirsky, N. (2010). Close the hidden gaps in our schools. The Education Trust, Retrieved from http://www.edtrust.org/dc/publication/close-the-hidden-funding-gaps-in-our-schools