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Biag ni Lam-Ang

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jimmy taguinod

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Biag ni Lam-Ang

Biag ni Lam-Ang
Brief history of the Story
Biag ni Lam-ang (English: "The Life of Lam-ang")
Is an epic poem of the Ilokano people from the Ilocos region of the Philippines
Recited and written in its original Iloko, the poem is believed to be a composite work of various poets who passed it on through the generations
The story dates its origin during the pre-Spanish period of the Philippines
It is one of the greatest Ilocano epic of the pre-colonial literature of the country
It is originally written in the Ilocano language but as time goes it has been translated to different languages
The story is a mix of adventure and romance with exciting and unpredictable outcomes
The epic poem showed some of the earlier customs, culture, tradition and belief of the Ilocano people of the Philippines
It was first transcribed around 1640 by a blind Ilokano bard named Pedro Bucaneg
Pedro Bucaneg (March 1592 – c. 1630) was a Filipino poet.
Blind since birth
He is the acknowledged author of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang(Life of Lam-ang)
He is considered the "Father of Ilokano literature."
A street inside the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) complex in Pasay City, Philippines is named in his honor.
His surname is lent to the Bucanegan, the Ilocano equivalent of the Balagtasan.
Origins of the place
The term “Ilocano” was derived from the words “i-“(from) and “looc” (cove or bay), which when combined means “People of the bay”
The Ilocanos are the third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines
The Ilocano dialect is related to the languages Indonesian, Malay, Fijian, Maori, Hawaiian, Malagasy, Samoan, Tahitian, Chamorro, Tetum and Paiwan
Today, the Ilocano dialect is the third most spoken language in the Philippines
Spanish Era
One of the Philippines’ most notable uprisings was lead by the Ilocano Diego Silang, which was continued by his wife Gabriela Silang
The Silangs’ revolt was fueled by the grievances stemming from Spanish taxation and abuses

The Ilocanos were prominent in the nationalist movement. Many Ilocanos have risen to high office in the central government. The most famed and controversial of all is the late former president Ferdinand Marcos
Biag ni Lam-Ang
Don Juan and his wife Namongan lived in Nalbuan, now part of La Union in the northern part of the Philippines. They had a son named Lam-ang. Before Lam-ang was born, Don Juan went to the mountains in order to punish a group of their Igorot enemies. While he was away, his son Lam-ang was born. It took four people to help Namongan give birth. As soon as the baby boy popped out, he spoke and asked that he be given the name Lam-ang. He also chose his godparents and asked where his father was.
Pedro Bucaneg
The story presented some of the qualities of the people of the Ilocos region- adventurous, hardy, and brave as strongly portrayed by Lam-ang
The epic poem presented the fact that life is full of trials and problems
One must be strong and just accept the reality that it is already part of life
Brief history of Biag ni Lam-Ang
Spanish conquistadors headed by Juan de Salcedo arrived in Vigan in 1572. After landing in Vigan, the conquistadors headed to Laoag, Currimao and to Badoc. They’ve named the region “Ylocos” and its people “Ylocanos”

The Ilocanos were the first ethnic group to revolt against Spanish officials. It was in January 1661 when the Ilocanos proclaimed their illustrious leader, Don Pedro Almazan, as their King. He was executed by the Spaniards after the kingdom was dissolved
Spanish Era
Biag ni Lam-Ang
After nine months of waiting for his father to return, Lam-ang decided he would go look for him. Namongan thought Lam-ang was up to the challenge but she was sad to let him go. During his exhausting journey, he decided to rest for awhile. He fell asleep and had a dream about his father’s head being stuck on a pole by the Igorot. Lam-ang was furious when he learned what had happened to his father. He rushed to their village and killed them all, except for one whom he let go so that he could tell other people about Lam-ang’s greatness.
Biag ni Lam-Ang
Upon returning to Nalbuan in triumph, he was bathed by women in the Amburayan river. All the fish died because of the dirt and odor from Lam-ang’s body.

There was a young woman named Ines Kannoyan whom Lam-ang wanted to woo. She lived in Calanutian and he brought along his white rooster and gray dog to visit her. On the way, Lam-ang met his enemy Sumarang, another suitor of Ines whom he fought and readily defeated.

Biag ni Lam-Ang
Lam-ang found the house of Ines surrounded by many suitors all of whom were trying to catch her attention. He had his rooster crow, which caused a nearby house to fall. This made Ines look out. He had his dog bark and in an instant the fallen house rose up again. The girl’s parents witnessed this and called for him. The rooster expressed the love of Lam-ang. The parents agreed to a marriage with their daughter if Lam-ang would give them a dowry valued at double their wealth. Lam-ang had no problem fulfilling this condition and he and Ines were married.

Biag ni Lam-Ang
It was a tradition to have a newly married man swim in the river for the rarang fish. Unfortunately, Lam-ang dove straight into the mouth of the water monster Berkakan. Ines had Marcos get his bones, which she covered with a piece of cloth. His rooster crowed and his dog barked and slowly the bones started to move. Back alive, Lam-ang and his wife lived happily ever after with his white rooster and gray dog.

Situational Archetypes

The Quest
Lam-Ang’s search for his father

The Task
Ines’ parents asks for dowry

The Journey
Lam-Ang seek justice for the death of his father

The Magic Weapon
Lam-Ang’s “sibat”

Character Archetypes

The Hero
Lam-Ang and his father fight against bad forces to restore peace and prosperity within their tribe

The White Goddess
Ines’ physical appearance attract almost everyone in the tribe of Kandon

Chua, Tyrone
Li, Jackson
Taguinod, Jimmy II Y.

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