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Transcript of Rhetoric
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Rhetorical strategies that all of us use ...
every single day.
Pathos = Feeling
Logos = Logic or Reason
Ethos = Ethical or Moral
The author or creator's credibility, believability, and/or likeability
Can come from inside the text (intrinsic) or outside the text (extrinsic)
The speaker or writer must demonstrate credibility to the audience to be persuasive.
Stories, scenarios, or statements designed to create an emotional response.
When you are persuaded by pathos, you accept a claim based on how it makes you
without fully analyzing how valid the claim is.
You may be persuaded by
fear, love, patriotism, hatred, joy, humor, guilt.
The use of pathos can be extremely
Logos refers to any attempt to appeal to the intellect.
Logos appeals to the left side of our brain. We find certain patterns, conventions, and methods of reasoning to be convincing and persuasive.
Numbers, polls, facts and statistics are also examples of the persuasive use of logic.
For example ...
... when a trusted doctor gives you advice, you may not understand all the medical reasoning behind the advice, but you follow it any way because you believe the doctor knows what s/he is talking about. You trust him or her!
She has ethos!
How does this World War II poster use pathos?
Appeals to Pathos:
How is Logos Used Here?
Think about a really persuasive commercial.
How does that company get you to buy what they're selling?
Rhetoric: The Art of Persuasion
The history of rhetoric and the concepts of ethos, pathos, and logos began in Greece.
Argument and Persuasion:
Who was Aristotle?
If an advertisement or a commercial succeeds in making a person buy something, it has been PERSUASIVE.
Check for Understanding
Why do people trust these men when they talk about basketball?
Effective persuasion uses all three kinds of appeals
Are the following examples of ethos, pathos, or logos?
He was a famous Greek philosopher who studied the art of persuasion.
"Now the proofs furnished by the speech are of three kinds. The first depends upon the moral character of the speaker, the second upon putting the hearer into a certain frame of mind, the third upon the speech itself, in so far as it proves or seems to prove."
--Aristotle, Art of Rhetoric
Who can say no to these faces?
Both words and pictures can achieve this appeal.
Pathos is the use of emotional appeal.
What fact is emphasized?
1. "My three decades of experience in public service, my tireless commitment to the people of this community, and my willingness to reach across the aisle and cooperate with the opposition, make me the ideal candidate for your mayor."
2. "They’ve worked against everything we’ve worked so hard to build, and they don’t care who gets hurt in the process. Make no mistake, they’re the enemy, and they won’t stop until we’re all destroyed."
3. "More than one hundred peer-reviewed studies have been conducted over the past decade, and none of them suggests that this is an effective treatment for hair loss."
4. "Don’t be the last person on the block to have their lawn treated – you don’t want to be the laughing stock of your community!"
5. Using ethos, pathos, and logos, write a small paragraph convincing your parents to take away your curfew.
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos!
How do I use ethos, pathos, and logos
every single day?
I don't even know what these things are!
What strategies are used to create ethos with the product OxyClean?
Pretend that you are sick, go to the doctor, and she gives you a prescription for a pill that would make you feel better. Would you take the pill?
How would the situation change if you were at the mall with your friends, felt sick, and were offered a pill?
How is pathos used in this video?
What emotion are they trying to draw out?
Which advertisement was more effective? The video or this picture?
the action of repeating something that has already been said or written
"I Have a Dream"
repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence
‘Great minds discuss ideas. Average minds discuss events. Small minds discuss people.’
‘It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness...it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.’
a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer. In fact, the answer may be obvious, but asking the question adds literary effect.
Sure, why not?
Does it look like I care?
Are you kidding me?
Do birds fly?
Is the sky blue?
"What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.”
Romeo and Juliet