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10 Important Facts on the Meiji Era

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Jon Bylyku

on 13 June 2014

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Transcript of 10 Important Facts on the Meiji Era

The Charter Oath
The first major event that was the kick-start to the Meiji period was the Charter Oath. It was the first step that was taken to abolish the old way of life and move towards a modernized Japan.
The Feudal System is Abolished
The emperor Meiji abolished the old class system. Now the former shogun were no longer in power however became part of Japans wealthier class. The non-humans and outcasts were given the title of lower class or peasants and thus were seen as equals.
Iwakura Mission
It was crucial for the leaders of Japan to become familiar with the outside world, so they could gain knowledge and experience of how modern countries were run. They were able to extract values from the countries they felt were prosperous such as Germany, America and Britain meanwhile ensuring that their country did not face the same as the others if they could be avoided.
The Centralized Army
In 1870 the National Army was created. It was one of the steps taken to help renegotiate old agreements made with western countries as a way of displaying Japans military force. Over the years Japan continued to expand its military force and also takes several actions to use it. The first was the mainland attack on Korea in 1894. In which Japanese forces won a swift victory shocking the western world.
In 1879 the emperor Meiji introduced the building of the first public schools. That included all Japanese children even from the peasant classes, now Japan was able to move forward politically and technologically because a new generation of Japanese had been educated in basic schooling thus allowing them to contribute in a better and more effective way to the state.
Compulsory Primary Education
The 10 Important Facts of the Meiji Period
The Charter Oath
1. Deliberative assemblies shall be widely established and all matters decided by open discussion.
2. All classes, high and low, shall be united in vigorously carrying out the administration of affairs of state.
3. The common people, no less than the civil and military officials, shall all be allowed to pursue their own calling so that there may be no discontent.
4. Evil customs of the past shall be broken off and everything based upon the just laws of Nature.
5. Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundation of imperial rule.
The constitution of Japan was crucial in unifying the country by placing all people under a centralized law. It was necessary for moving towards a centralized modern system. Now all the people of Japan were controlled by the same law making the country as a whole easier to manage. 1889.
The Constitution of Japan
By doing this it symbolized the end of the past and the beginning of a new Japan.
The Discontinue of the Samurai
Close to the same time as the constitution the government of Japan allowed its citizens to Practice Christianity and other religions. This is due to the fact that during the Iwakura mission many of the Japanese ambassadors saw how the rest of the European countries allowed people to express their religion freely. They felt that by doing this, not only would it enforce the ideology of change, but also increase the general public moral in such stressful times.
The Meiji Government Allows the Practice of
There is no exact date however Japan did start factory building in the early to mid 1890’s. At first the government handled these development projects, but once production grew to an unmanageable scale they sold the factories to private investors.
Industrialization
In 1911 tariffs imposed by the unfair treaties are abolished. Japanese factories can now increase production quotas and manufacturing capabilities. The economy and trade in Japan begin to boom.
Unfair Treaties are Dissolved
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