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The burqa and social interactions.

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Monica Jones

on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of The burqa and social interactions.

What is the Burqa?
‘Mr. Nicolas Sarkozy

(president of France) said NO to wearing Burqa in public.
He says when women wear it for cultural and religious reasons,
“they are prisoners behind netting, cut off from all social life, deprived of identity”.

I agree with his statement... In most Islamic countries Muslim women are oppressed by men.’ - Nur, KR. (2015)
Promotes feminism
Peoples viewpoints are negative
There’s a choice as to why and how they wear it, not forced
Respect from men more
Genuinely like wearing it, confidence
Gives courage, visibly segregating yourself
Part of being Muslim
Choice that identifies with Islam
Dealt with as individuals
Seen as a fashion statement
Liberation – how much of body is revealed to public
Personal account of the Burqa
How it is represented in the UK, Saudi Arabia
"Necessary to maintain the French values of individualism and human dignity"

(cited Leane,2011)
The Burqa
Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia wearing the burqa is more strict than in other Middle East countries.
The are special police officers named Mutaween (Fashion Police)
In 2001, women in the US military stationed in Saudi Arabia where instructed to wear a head-to-toe robe while off-base.
The Taliban and Islamist vigilantes tortured women and schoolgirls for not wearing the burqa right.
There are distinct differences on how the burqa is represented in the UK, France and Saudi Arabia.
Three main views:
Opposing for sake of inequality
Opposing for fear of terrorism
2. Terrorism
3. Supporting
Often it is the structures imposed by fathers and husbands in Islamic communities that lead women to take up the hijab or the burqa.
Fear of how they will be perceived in male circles leads men to demand that female relatives cloak themselves in what their perceive to be the trappings of honour –
not unlike preserving the wrappings on valuable goods before they are purchased.
' - Haas, D. (2010)
How is it represented in France?
In 2010 France banned the wearing of the Burqa in public spaces
150 euros fine for wearing it
Men can face imprisonment for forcing a woman to wear it
Islam is thought to be the second largest religion in France.
(Leane, 2011)
How do they feel wearing it ?
"Misidentification of appearance and reality"- Young, (1996:112)
- Amazon, (2015)
Covers majority of body
Worn at all times when not at home
Meant to be worn compulsorily after puberty
No specific explanation or teaching in Quran or in the Hadith
Emphasis on Modesty
For Women: Moore, (2012) “Cover your chest (24:31); Lengthen your garments (33:59)”
For both sexes; Moore, (2012) “The BEST garment is righteousness and modest conduct (7:26)”.

Bulletin of the Oppression of Women. (2014)
• 2.7million Muslims living in England and wales
• 47% of Muslims are born in the U.K
• 95% feel a loyalty to Britian
• Runnymeade trust conducted a report
Omar khan, found that muslims are proud!
• Muslim Women aged 16-24 only 29% are employed; why is this?

"If we embrace opportunities to work with people of all faiths and beliefs then we can start to overcome the prejudice that leads to surprise that other people are also proud of Britain. We will, in turn, also give ourselves more reasons for civic pride."
- http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2011/nov/23/muslims-proud-britain
Security threat
Three men walked in protest into Austrilian Parliment after Burqa ban lifted
'They clarified that they wanted
all facial coverings to be banned in public spaces for cultural and security reasons.'
- Radulova, L. (2014)
Male dominance- cultural influence?

Members of a society construct their bodies in ways that comply with accepted views of masculinity and femininity.
That is, they try to shape and use their bodies to conform to their culture’s or racial ethnic group’s expectations of how…(an individual) should look. (Lorber and Martin, 2007, p.228)
"How do you liberate women by criminalising their clothing? If you suspect bruises under the burqa, why punish the victim, and if you disapprove of the wearer's choices, how does banishing her from public engagement promote liberal attitudes?" - Chakrabarti, (2014)

Misundertstandings and mis-information about British Muslims. (The guardian, 2015)
BBC(2015) found that 46% feel prejudice against islam, makes it difficult being a Muslim.
7/11 bombings made muslims feel more hostile towards their values .
Parekh (2000)- a multicultural society
Moore, (2012)
Sanghani, (2014)
. Front stage and backstage - Lawler, (2008)
.Kenyan prostitutes -Rashid,(2010)
rules of masculinity and femininity put limits on the full achievement of humanity
, for all of us, whether we grow up boy or grow up girl.’ - Bradley, H. (2013)

Radulova, L. (2014) Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2808988/Men-KKK-outfit-burqa-wearing-motorbike-helmet-attempt-enter-federal-parliament.html (Accessed: 20/02/15)

BBC News (2010) 'UKIP chief Nigel Farage calls for burka ban' Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8464124.stm (Accessed 23/02/15)

Bradley, H. (2013) ‘Gender And Class: Growing Up Girl, Growing Up Boy’, Gender: p.29-36

Bulletin of the Oppression of Women (2014) "Tracking Traveling Saudi Women" Available at: http://bulletinoftheoppressionofwomen.com/category/womens-rights/page/9/ (Accessed: 13th February 2015)

Haas, D. (2010) The Burqa – “Mobile Prison” Or A Woman’s Right? Available at: http://www.smh.com.au/comment/burqas-reveal-more-about-men-than-women-20141020-118mce.html

Lawler, S. (2008) Masquerading as ourselves: self - impersonation and social life. Cambridge: Polity Press

Leane, W.G. (2011) 'Rights of Ethnic Minorities in Liberal Democracies: Has France Gone Too Far in Banning Muslim Women from Wearing the Burka?', Human Rights Quarterly, 33(4) pp.1032-1061 doi:10.1353/hrq.2011.0058

Listverse (2015) "10 Fascinating Facts About Saudi Arabia" Available at: http://listverse.com/2013/09/28/10-facinating-facts-about-saudi-arabia/ (Accessed: 14th Febuary 2015)

Middle East Forum (2010) "Ban the Burqa? The Argument in Favor" Available at: http://www.meforum.org/2777/ban-the-burqa (Accessed 13th Febuary 2015)

Moore, C. (2012) The Burqa – Islamic or Cultural? Available at: http://www.quran-islam.org/articles/part_3/the_burqa_%28P1357%29.html (Accessed: 16 February 2015).

Moseley, T. (2013) 'Ukip's Muslim Veil Ban Policy Has Been Reversed, Deputy Leader Paul Nuttall Says' Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/09/19/ukip-veil-ban-policy-reversed_n_3954164.html (Accessed 20/02/15)

Nur, K.R. (2015) Available at: http://www.nurweb.biz/why-dont-men-wear-a-burqa-then/ (Accessed 22/02/15)

Parekh, B. (2000) rethinking multiculturalism cultural diversity and political theory. Palgrave, 7: 196-263

Rashid, M. (2010) The secret life of the Burka. Available at: http://www.somethinkblue.com/article_detail.php?article_id=67# (Accessed: 20 February 2015).

Rational Wiki (2014) "Burqa" Available at: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Burqa (Accessed: 13th February 2015)

Sanghani, R. (2014) Feminism, fashion and religion: Why Muslim women choose to wear the veil. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11120588/Muslim-women-reveal-why-they-wear-the-veil-burqa-school-debate.html (Accessed: 16 February 2015).

The Runnymeade Trust (2015), Islamophobia, http://www.runnymedetrust.org/uploads/publications/pdfs/islamophobia.pdf Accessed on 13th February 2015)

True Islam (2010) 'The Burqa - Islamic or Cultural" Available at: http://www.quran-islam.org/articles/part_3/the_burqa_%28P1357%29.html (Accessed: 13th February 2015)

Uberoi, V (2008) Do policies of multiculturalism change national identities? The Political quarterly. The Political Quarterly publishing co. LTD. 79: 404-417

Willsher, K (2001) 'French Muslim women on burqa ban ruling: 'All I want is to live in peace available at 'http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/01/french-muslim-women-burqa-ban-ruling (accessed 13th February 2015)

Burqa '"oppressed" women and were a potential security threat.' - BBC News (2010)
Key male members
'Nuttall said: "We do not have a policy on it. But our view is pretty much that if people need to see your face, then quite frankly it should be shown."'-Moseley, T. (2013)

This is one reason the burqa remains- culturally engrained for men and women
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