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LONDON

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on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of LONDON

LONDON
A GREAT CITY
London is a big city and it's the capital city of the UK. It Is the home of the Queen Elizabeth the second and the British government. It was a rich town, but after year 400, the Romans left Londinium and went back to Rome. Danish Ships came up the River Thames and destroyed many of London's buildings. In 1006, England had a new king (William: he is the Conqueror from France). He castle is bigger than the others buildings. When was the king Henry the Eighth , London was ledd populated than when he took his daughter Elizabeth the firts.
THE CITY AND THE TOWER OF LONDON
November is also the month of the Lord Mayor's Show. It happens on the second Saturday, and Londoners can see thei new Lord Mayor.
The Lord Mayor is the most important person after the Queen.
The city is the oldest part of London. It's the home of the bank of England and many other offices.
The Tower of London is the City's oldest building, it's stads next to the river Thames. In the past it was a palace and prision. Kings (and sometimes Queens) put their most important prisoners.
St Paul's Cathedral is in the center of the City, it's the second biggest dome in the worls, after St Peter's in Rome. The two vells in the tower arecalled Great Paul and Gret Tom. People wanted to remember the Great Fire of 1666.
South of Trafalgar Square is a long road called Whitehall. Two soldiers on horses outside Horse Guards Parade.
Walk yo Parliament and past Downing Street. The Prime Minister lives at 10 Downing Street. 1682. Sir George built the street of houses near Whitehall Palace. 1735, British Prime Minister began to live in 10 Downing street.
After Whitehall and then Parliament Square, its statue of Sir Winston Curchill (Britain's Minister and the second World War). St Margaret's Street and across, the Houses Parliament. Kings and queens, have their coronations here. Queen Elizabeth the Second had her coronation here in 1953. The Houses of Parliament is the home of the British Government. The clock is called Big Ben. Four smaller bells ring on the quarter-hours. 1605: was a man called Guy Fawkes. They put a bomb under the houses of Parliament. British people celebrate on 5 november big fires and fireworks. Burn a figure of Guy Fawkes.
BY THE RIVER
More people visit the River Thames. You can walk, go across its many bridges, or go in a boat. The firts Globe Theatre was a built. People watched Wiliam Shakespeare's plats there .In 1997, opened the Shakespeare's Globe Teathre. Under is Shakespeare's Globe Exhibition. Tate Modern: art gallery with 88 rooms . There are paintings by Matisse, Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Mark , Andy ....
The Millennium Bridge is London's newest bridge. When it opened in the year 2000. Not open again for two years.
London Eye: Big wheel 135 m. Visitors travel in the capsules on the wheel for 30 minutes, you can see for 40 km. There are wonderful views of important buildigs. 1991: Canary Wharf opened. Tower at One Canada Square (240m), Docklands Light Railwayor take the Jubilee Line train. Visit he shops and restaurants, listen musics... 1663-1928. 1953:more than 300 people died. Thames Barrier nex the Royal Victoria Dock. 1984. Charlton. Greenwich.
ROYAL LONDON
Buckingham Palace stands at the ends of the Mall (Long road, begins at Trafalgar Square). 300 people work at the palace, because is the Queen's home. The soldiers change the guard at the Palace. It takes about thirty minutes and they stand in front the door. In August and September visit the Vermeer Rembrandt. The Queen's Gallery is in Buckingham Palace : Windsor Castle. Hampton Court stands next to River Thames in a big park. On the second Saturday in June, London celebrates the Queen's birthday with a big parade. Her real birthday is in April. In the morning, she goes from Buckingham Palace. Here soldiers carry the"colour" (a big flag) past the Queen. The State opening of Parliament usually happens in November. The Queen's travels along the Mall to Westminster.
WITEHALL AND WESTMINSTER
PARKS AND GARDENS
Hyde Park is one of London's many beautiful parks. It's opened in the seventeenth century. In the center of the park is a lake called the Serpentine, and you can take a boat out on the water.
There are a lot of people at Speaker's Corner near Marble Arch. They stand at the Corner, and call out to all the people and other people stand and listen.
Kisintong Gardes is next to hyde park.Here you can see a statue of Peter Pan.There is also a playground here, called Diana, princess of Wles playground. She lived near here in Kensington Palace.
Regen's Panrk is the home of London Zoo, and it's opened in 1828.On a summer's evening, you can sit out and watch a play by Shakespeare. Or you can see the park from the water - take a boat along the canal from Camden Lock to Little Venice.
St James's Park is next to the Mall. It is a small park, but very beautiful, and it is the oldest of the royal parks.
MORE MUSEUMS AND GALLERIES
The British Museum in Russel street it opend in 1759. There are 94 galleries, a reading room and bookshops. The centre of the buildings is the beautiful Great Court. The Museum of London at 150 London Wall opened 1976. At the Natural History Museum in Cromwell Road you can learn about a our wold at the poeple and animals in it. You can see the dinosaur exhibition. The Science Museum has more than 10,000 exhibits.

It also has an IMAX cinema. A much smaller museum, at 48 Doughty Street, is the Dickens House Museum. The writer Charles Dickens lived in this house, from 1837 to 1839. He wrote two books: Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nickleby. After Shakespeare, Dickens is England's next most famous writer. Sir. Arthur Conan Doyle, wrote stories about Sherlock Holmes. The Sherlock Holme Museum was built in 1815.
The London transport Museum is in Covent Garden. There are lots of interesting things hear; You can see films, drive a London bus or undergron train and hear stories about the Second World War. Four million people visit the National Gallery. Next to the National Gallery is the National Portrait Gallery. You can see pictures of famous people. There are faces from the past ( Kings and queens), and faces from today ( David beckham and Prnice William). Tate Britain is at Millbanck, past Lambeth bidge.
It is the home of British art. Madame Tussauds is famous for it's wax figures.You can see famous people: Brad pitt, Nelson Mandela, Beyonce... The London Dungeon is a Museum of Horror.
THEATRES, MUSIC, AND SPORT
London's West End has some of the best theatres in the world. They have cheap tickets for many theatres in London, but the tickets are for that afternoon or evening.
The Mousetrap.
This very English play by Agatha Christie began in 1952. The National Theatre is in the South Bank Centre by the River Thames. It opened in 1976. There are five restaurants and cafés, big bookshop, free art exhibitions, free msic in the evenings. At the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, go to the Royal Albert Hall in Kensigton gore next to Hyde Park.
Madonna, Red Hot, Chili Peppers, or Usher. Look at Earls Court, Wembley Stadium, and the Brixton Academy.
SHOPPING AND EATING
Many of the most famous shops are in Regent Street, Bond Street, and in Knightsbrige. The most famous shop in all of the city is Harroda, in Knightsbrige. It in 1849 when Henry Charles Harrod opened a small food shop in Brompton Road. The building in Knightsbrige opened in 1905, and now 4,000 people work there. Oxfors Street has many big shops Selfidges, Marks & Spencer, Debenhams. FOr Smaller shops, go to Covent Garden. Charing Cross Road is famous for it's bookshops. At weekends you can visit some of London's Market. Petticoat Lane marke ( open on Sundays ) is in Middlesex Street. At the market in Portobello Road ( open in Saturdays ). At Brick Lane market ( open on Sundays ) in the East End, you can buy nearly everething. Old Spitalfields Market in Commercial Street ( open on Sundays ). When is time for food. London has everething. London has restaurants fr4om nearly evrycountry in the world. There are thousands of pubs in London.
The Barbican Arts Centre is at Silk Street. It has three cinemas, two theatres, a concer hall, and one of London's biggest art galleries. There is also school music and library. The neraest station is Barbican. London's clubs : Fabric, Ministry of Sound Po Na Na, Soho, Covent Garden, York Way...
Cricket is a very English game. You can see Lord's Cricket Ground in St John's Wood. Chelsea play at Stamford Bridge, Fulham Road, SW6, and Tottenham Hotspur play at White Hart Lane, Hig Road, N17. The best tennis players come to London for the Wimblendon Lawn Tennis Championships. At the All England Lawn Tennis Club in Church Road, Wimblendon. The Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race began in Henley-on-Thames in 1829.
The London Marathon on a Sunday in April. Start at Greenwich and run of London to Westminster. The best runners come to London for the race. In 1909 and 1948, people from all over the world for the Olympic Games. Now, the Olympic Games are coming to London for the third time in 2012.
TRAVELLING
When you come to London, take and underground train or a bus. The Underground "called the Tub" is fast. The trains go from about 5. a.m. to about midnight. Between o 'clock and six o' clock in the morning and between four o' clock and six o' clock in the evening, thousands of people are going to and from work. This is the morning and evening "rush hour". It is much nicer and quieter when you do not travel in the rush hour. You can see much more of London from the famous red buses than from the Tube. Are buses for visitors, take you around many of the interesting places in the city. You can travel in one of London's famous black taxis "black cabs". Are black but some are blue, red, green, or white. Drivers must all the 25,000 streets. The boats leave Westminster Pier, Waterloo Pier, and Embankment Pier, and they go to Tower Pier, Greendwich, and Hampton Court.
London is a beautiful, noisy, and exciting city. More than eleven milion visitors come every year.
So, when are you coming to London?
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