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Fungi Kingdom

The Funig

Jerrard Turner

on 23 April 2010

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Transcript of Fungi Kingdom

Fungi Kingdom Yeast Mold Mushrooms Fungal cells have cell walls made of chitin
Unlike cell walls they contain cllulose.
Fungi form a single group of organisms named Eumycota that share a common ancestor.
Large Member of eukaryotic organisms.
Includes microrganisms such as yeast and molds.
Is a kingdom that is seperate from plants, animals,and bacteria.
Fungi form a single group of related organisms.
Distinct from structurally similar slime molds.
Fungi do not make their own food.
Most fungal diseases are made of a mass thread like symptom called hyphae.
An inner wooven path of hyphae is called mycelium.
Each chain of hyphae is nade of fungal cells.
Digest food outside their body adn absorb it.
One of the oldest domesticated organisms.
Used for fermentation and baking.
Alcoholic fermentaion was conducted by living yeasts and not by chemical catalyst.
Most reproduce asexually by budding, some reproduce by binary fission.
With 1,500 species.
A fleshy, spore bearing fruiting body of a fungus.
Can be used for a wild variety of gilled fungi.
Gilled mushrooms themselves are actually called agarics.
Most are bisidiomycetes and gilled.
The spores are called basidiospores, are produced on gills.
Forms deviating from standard morphology usually have more specific names, such as "puffballs", "stinkhorn", and "morel", and gilled mushrooms themselves are often called "agarics".
Fungi that grow in the form of a muticellular filament, called hyphae.
A microscopi fungi that grow as single cell and called yeast.
Reffered to as a colony
Are unicellular
Molds do not form to a taxomonic or phylogenetic grouping, but can be found in the divisions of Zygomycota and Ascomycota.
Some molds cause disease or food spoilage, others play an important role in biodegradation or in the production of various foods, beverages, antibiotics and enzymes.

Mildew Refers to certain kinds of mold or fungus.
Mildeew often lives on shower walls, windowsills, and other places where moisture levels are high.
There are many species of molds.
In unaired places, such as basements, they can produce a strong musty odor.
It is caused by many different species of fungi in the order Erysiphales.
Moulds Has no taxonomic significance. It is applied to a variety of fungi wjich grow as semi-microscopic organisms.
Tends to form a loose meshwork rather han a dense tissue. Thus the moulds are distinguished from teh large fleshly fungi,the the mushrooms etc.
Moulds may belong to any of the classes of Fungi, but actually the great majority of species are either Phycomycetes or Fungi Imperfecti.
Fimiliar to everyone as teh growths appear so frequently upon fruits and other foodstuffs.
Almost always thesse moulds are species of Aspergillus and Penicillium.
These moulds reproduce by free spores, or conidia, and are distinguished by he characters of their sporebearing stalks, or conidiophores.

My Weeky
By: Jerrard Turner How is it different from the other kingdoms? Fungi are mycho-heterotroph
Have a cell wall made of chitin.
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