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Animal Cruelty

The question is not, "Can they reason?" nor, "Can they talk?" but rather, "Can they suffer?" ~Jeremy Bentham

Briana Gloeckl

on 26 October 2013

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Transcript of Animal Cruelty

Animal cruelty
Factory Farm
A large-scale industrial site where many animals are raised for food, confined and live short, painful lives.
the act of keeping higher than usual numbers of animals as pets without having the ability to properly house or care for them.
Offenders deny hoarding
Often times a compulsive disorder where the owner feels bonded with the animals and does not see the effect it has on the well-being of the animals.
The practice of sex between humans and animals
A sexual attraction to animals.
A blood sport in which two roosters specifically bred for aggressiveness are placed beak to beak in a small ring and encouraged to fight to the death
Crush Video
Depicts a woman, often in stiletto heels, stepping on small animals such as rodents and kittens.
Sold over the internet between $20 and $300 a piece.
A 1999 federal law aimed at ending the trade in these videos (and prosecuting those who market them) was overturned in 2008 because it was seen as a violation of the Constitution's guarantee for freedom of speech.
Puppy Mills
Kitty Mills
Breeding facilities that produce large numbers of purebred dogs and cats.
Dog Fighting
A blood sport in which game dogs are made to fight, sometimes to the death.
A process that involves cutting through bone, cartilage and soft tissue with a blade to remove the top half and the bottom third of a bird's beak
This measure is taken to reduce the excessive feather pecking and cannibalism seen among stressed, overcrowded birds in factory farms
Animal Testing
The use of non-human animals in experiments
The act of chaining an animal, usually a dog, to a stationary object as a primary means of confinement.
Risk factor for aggressive behavior and dog bites.
The failure to provide an animal with the most basic requirements of food, water, shelter and veterinary care.
Internet Hunting
Combines video shooting games with the internet to allow a remote computer user to kill real animals.

"Hunters" see the targets on their monitors, and a gun is mounted on a robotic tripod controlled by their computer mouse.

Animals are lured within close range with food, at which time the gamer can line up a shot and "fire" at will.
A method of docking an animal's tail in which a rubber band or similar ligature is wrapped tightly around the tail at the desired point of removal
Squish Video
Tail/Ear Cropping
A cutting off of a purebred dog's tail/ears to conform to a breed standard.
Although this unnecessary cosmetic surgery is regularly performed by some veterinarians, it is often done by untrained individuals without anesthesia, in un-sterile environments.
Battery Cage
A wire cage, measuring no more than sixteen inches wide, in which four or five animals are housed together.

Lined up in rows and stacked several levels high on factory farms.
Meat Markets
Dogs are usually sold at markets while still alive, their front limbs dislocated and tied painfully behind their backs, and a jagged tin can is rammed over their jaws to make them easier to handle
The practice of burning an identifying mark onto the body of an animal using an extremely hot iron stamp, or "brand", pressed hard into the animal's flesh for several seconds without anesthesia
Packed up
Shipped out
Dragged away
Muzzle canned
...sold alive for their fur and meat...
Shoulders disloacted
Types of Cruelty
Cruelty Statistics
Animal Abuse and its Connection to Human Violence
Historic Roots
10 billion domesticated land animals are slaughtered for food in the United States each year--27 million each day--19,000 every minute
Animal Used as Food
The US egg industry suffocates, gases, or grinds up alive 250 million male chicks each year
More than 90% of soybean meal and 80% of corn grown in the US is used to feed animals being raised for human food
Animal Testing
More than 25 million vertebrate animals are used in testing in the US each year.

As high as 100 million if you include invertebrate animals.
The FDA estimated in 2006 that 92% of drugs that pass animal testing fail in human clinical trials.
Companion Animals
Every year, 6-8 million dogs and cats enter shelters, and 3-4 million shelter dogs and cats are killed
examples of animals in human entertainment
In 2000, approximately 7,600 greyhound puppies deemed not fast enough to race were killed, as were an estimated 11,400 "retired" dogs.
Retired greyhounds, who suffer greatly as racers, may also be sold to research labs or used to breed future litters
In 2006 more than 350,000 baby seals were killed--98% of the slaughtered seals were less than 3 months old

42% were found to be skinned alive
30 million mink, foxes, chinchillas, and other animals are killed on fur farms each year, by such methods as electrocution and poisoning
Some fur trims and clothes labeled as "fake" are actually made from over 2 million dog and cat furs exported by China each year
Organizations like PETA break into research labs and steel cats/dogs to free them
Cats are used to test the effects that drugs have on the nervous system. If rescued from labs, they are found with broken bones, surgical cuts, and emaciated
Animal rights activists disagree. They say that animal research is ineffective while as cures for cancer and aids are due to research on humans and improvements on living conditions
Almost every medical discovery in the last 100 years has involved experiments on animals, and without it science would come to a stop.
Animals used in testing are bred to be expeiremented on and eventually die or are killed.
Wild life
Bycatch--Ocean animals are caught unintentionally and thrown back, dead or dying

An average of 100 million sharks and rays

300,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises

250,000 endangered turtles

Shrimp fisheries are perhaps the worst offenders with an 80% bycatch rate
A woman is 74% more likely to file an animal abuse case than a male.
Animal Rights
Is there a connection between animal cruelty and human violece?

Violent offenders frequently have childhood and adolescent histories of serious and repeated animal cruelty

Studies show that most imprisoned serial killers have killed or tortured animals as children
is animal abuse recognized as a sign of mental disorders?
Clinical evidence indicates that animal cruelty is one of the symptoms usually seen at the earliest stages of conduct disorder, often by the age of eight
why is it important to stop animal abusers when they are young?
The National Research Council states that early intervention is more likely to reduce adult crime than criminal sanctions applied later in life
April 9, 1998, West Dallas, Tx
7 and 8 year old brothers and an 11 year old friend were arrested for kidnapping, beating and sexually assaulting a 3 year old girl. A local television station reported that the brothers had been involved in animal cruelty.
October 1, 1997, Pearl, ms
A 16 year-old boy stabbed his mother to death. Then, went to his high school where he shot and killed 2 classmates and injured 7 others. The boy stated in his personal journal that he and an accomplice beat, burned and tortured his dog, Sparkle, to death. He wrote "On Saturday of last week, I made my first kill." After brutally beating Sparkle, they set her on fire. The diary continues, "We sprayed fluid down her throat. Her neck caught on fire inside and out. It was true beauty."
Humane methods of slaughter act
Twenty-eight-hour law of 1877
U.S. animal welfare act
Livestock must be slaughtered in a humane manner to prevent needless suffering.
The law states an animal is permitted to be slaughtered as long as the creature is killed by the first attempt and is not made to suffer.
This Act Regulates the standards of living under which domestic animals for sale are kept.
To insure animals that are used for research and experiments are kept in a humane environment.
to assure the humane treatment of animals during transportation in commerce
Protects the owners from their animals being stolen and sold.
Animals cannot be transported for more than 28 hours without a 5 hour break period with grazing time and proper feeding.
Federal Laws
Animal Defense League (ADL)
Animal Equality
Compassion Over Killing (COK)
A history of animal abuse was found in 25% of aggressive male criminals, 30% of convicted child molesters, 36% of those who assaulted women, and 46% of those convicted of sexual homicide.
In three surveys in a women's shelters in Wisconsin and Utah in the late 1990s, an average of 74% of pet-owning women reported that a pet had been threatened, injured or killed by the abuser
A New Jersey survey of families reported for child abuse found that in 88% of the families at least one person had abused animals
83% of families with a history of animal abuse had also been identified by social service agencies as at-risk for child abuse or neglect
Dog fighting
Goes back to the 12th century (after the war that ensued when the Romans invaded Britain

The British ere delighted in the determination and endurance of their dogs and began exporting them for use in pit fights against larger animals like wild boar and bulls

for centuries, these fights occurred across Europe until the baiting of larger animals was prohibited in 1835
Rooted deep in American history and culture--many founding fathers were found of, and participated in, this blood sport

Became legal in all 50 states in 2007

Still occurs frequently in the South in areas with immigrant populations where it may be legal and part of the cultural norm in their countries
Factory Farms
Increased in the 19th century, when small family farms started to cave under the pressure of larger institutional farming practices

As factory farms became the norm, so did the systematic and prolonged abuse of animals raised for human consumption

Most animals are given steroids to enhance growth, and antibiotics to fend off illnesses that are likely to occur in such unsanitary conditions

Their eventual slaughter is often performed in a manner as inhumane as the condition in which they are forced to exist until that day
Crush Videos
Bare feet or stiletto heels

Videos able to infiltrate mainstream audiences because of increased file sharing networks and the growing popularity of websites that display violent ides for their shock value

Often difficult to prosecute the offenders of these crimes, because they are usually able to hide behind the secrecy offered by the virtual world
Puppy Mills
Began sprouting up after WWII

After widespread crop failures in the Midwest, the US Department of Agriculture began promotion purebred puppies as fool-proof "cash" crop

Upside--breeding dogs did not require the intense physical labor needed to run a farm

Puppy brokers conducted seminars to teach farmers how to operate their own breeding facilities

30 years later, Lancaster County, PA is nicknamed the "Puppy Mill Capital of the East."
Heart disease
Kidney disease
Blood disorders
Eye problems
Respiratory disorders
Upper respiratory infections
Kennel cough
Intestinal parasites
Chronic diarrhea
The end
The end
do you want this to be your grandchild??
focuses on cruelty to animals in agriculture and promotes a vegetarian lifestyle to promote a better life for humans and non humans
5-6 inches in size

Rocking motion

If the iron is too hot or is held on too long, it will burn through the hide, revealing the white tissue beneath the animal's hide

Freeze branding
Often linked to neglect
eddie bones
2005 by John Lockwood
Authentic for disabled persons

Consisted of a fenced pen stocked with animals and a tripod with a camera and a firearm
Do not provide hens with sufficient space to stand, walk, flap their wings, perch, or make a nest. Widely considered that hens suffer through boredom and frustration through being unable to perform these behaviors inherent to their species.

Risk of salmonella is likely to be higher in factory farm produced eggs in comparison to free-range or organic produced eggs

Chicken 26
Train dogs with smaller animals called "bait" animals which are usually stolen pets or from "Free to Good Home" advertisements

Young children are sometimes present
Promote insensitivity to animal suffering, violence and a lack of respect for the law.

Illegal gambling is the norm at dogfights
Dog owners and spectators wager thousands of dollars on their favorites. Firearms and drugs are found at dogfights because of the large amounts of cash present
Michael Vick's
organized cage and performance rings

digging for buried bodies
“for the prevention of cruelty to animals; to promote kind and humane treatment of animals; and to aid and assist the enforcement of laws enacted for the prevention of animal cruelty.”
Our mission is to enhance the quality of life for these animals by providing needed medical care, including spaying and neutering.
Services and Resources
Full-time veterinarian and staff who treat all resident animals
Low–cost spay/neuter program for pets of low-income families
Humane education programs in schools and the broader community
Pet Therapy programs for people with special needs, including children and the elderly
Active adoption services to find homes for all the animals taken in by the Animal Defense League
adoption fees, donations, grants, bequests from individuals, and special events to raise needed funds.
equal consideration and respect for animals
Educating the public about speciesism and veganism
Investigating places of animal exploitation such as farms, slaughterhouses and circuses to expose the
reality to the public.
Carrying out open rescues from places of animal exploitation and finding long-term safe homes and
sanctuaries for the rescued animals
Engaging in peaceful non-violent direct action to bring attention to the plight of animals
Puppy mills are distinguished by their inhumane conditions and the
constant breeding of unhealthy and genetically defective dogs for profit.
When dogs are found in puppy mills they are often covered with matted hair, their teeth are rotting, their eyes have ulcers, and some are found with their jaws rotted from tooth decay.
The dogs are kept in small wire cages for their entire lives. Because of the cages many dogs loose feet and legs from getting caught in the wire floors, and they are cut off when trying to free themselves.
Female dogs are bred until the point comes when their bodies are no longer able to reproduce any longer and then they are killed.
When the dogs are killed they are either bashed in the head with a rock or shot. Sometimes they are sold to laboratories or dumped. This is mostly done by the time they are five years old.
The dogs inside puppy mills are often "debarked" which is when they jam a steel rod down a dog's throat to rupture the vocal chords.
They are regularly sold to pet shops
Hoarders are often messy and in poor health themselves
In the Church-oriented culture of the Middle Ages, zoosexual activity was met with execution, typically burning, and death to the animals involved either the same way as the offender or by hanging.

But, in ancient Greek myths, Gods often took the form of animals in order to mate with mortals and was not seen as revolting or going against the laws of nature.
75% of all animal activists are women.
Largest animal rights organization in the world
Four main areas of attention where animals suffer the most
On factory farms
In laboratories
In the clothing trade
In the entertainment industry
Also focus on other issues such as, the cruel killing of beavers, birds and other “pests” and the abuse of backyard dogs
•PETA works through public education, cruelty investigations, research, animal rescue, legislation, special events, celebrity involvement, and protest campaigns
•Operates under the simple principle that animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment.
•PETA achieves long term changes that improve the quality of life for, and prevent the deaths of, countless animals.
•Countless celebrities support PETA, such as, Sir Paul McCartney allowing PETA to set up literature tables at his 2010 summer world tour.
•PETA.org, CowsAreCool.com, FurIsDead.com, and GoVeg.com
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