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ABS Criminal Justice Framework

An interactive Prezi to guide you through the Australian criminal justice system. After "Guy Baddie" commits a crime, find out where he appears in ABS publications.

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Transcript of ABS Criminal Justice Framework

Criminal Justice Framework Offence comes to attention of police Offence recorded by police Offence not recorded by police No offender identified /
Case unsolved No evidence crime occurred

Participants dealt with informally A criminal incident occurs Do the police become aware of the incident? Yes No Offence does not come to the attention of police Exit Report by Victim Reported by public Do the police record the incident? Yes No Information about the victim and their experience may be represented in Crime Victimisation Survey Exit Can the police link Guy Baddie to the crime? Yes No Recorded Crime
Offenders Exit
Statistical Collections No further statistics available
Guy Baddie exits the Criminal Justice System Next Next Proceeded against by charging Other proceeding Caution Offender not proceeded against Case heard in criminal courts Proven
guilty Acquitted Withdrawn Non custodial sentence Does Guy Baddie commit another criminal offence? - Insufficient evidence to proceed - Under-age - Diplomatic Immunity Home detention Next Back Back Back How do the police proceed
against Guy Baddie? Charged and remanded in custody Diverted to a non court program Gotcha! Off to
Criminal Court Charged and released on bail Not charged
and released Corrective Services Australia In custody awaiting trial He appears in the Corrective Services Australia collection as an unsentenced prisoner

He would appear in the Prisoner Census if in prison on June 30 CORRECTIVE SERVICES, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4512.0)

Frequency: Quarterly, (March, June, September, December).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory. Statistics on federal prisoners are derived from records kept by the Criminal Law Division of the Australian Government Attorney-General's Department.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial facilities or who are serving adult community-based orders in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of persons in custody; Number of persons in community-based corrections; Imprisonment and community-based corrections rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of persons in custody (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, type of custody, legal status and sentence type) or in community-based corrections (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status , type of order); Number of sentenced persons received into corrective services custody each month; Number of federal prisoners; State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/ImH4FY Start Next Next Back Back On bail awaiting trial Corrective Services Australia Next Investigative Adjudicative Correctional What is the court's finding for Guy Baddie? CRIMINAL COURTS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4513.0)

Frequency: Annual (financial year).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from agencies responsibility for court administration in each state and territory.

Scope: All defendants who have been finalised in the Higher, Magistrates' or Children's Courts.

Key data items: Number and rates of defendants in each court level; defendant characteristics (sex, age, limited Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status information); Case characteristics (principal offence, method of finalisation, sentence outcome and quantum, case duration); State/territory of court.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Criminal Courts collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/N7MnIA Back Proven guilty Acquitted Withdrawn Once his case is finalised, he will be counted in the Criminal courts collection Criminal Courts
Australia A case withdrawn by the prosecution is still considered to be finalised in the Criminal courts collection, so Guy Baddie will be counted as having a “withdrawn” method of finalisation.

Guy Baddie now leaves the criminal justice system and no further statistics are available. Criminal Courts
Australia Next Next Exit Exit Exit Exit Prison
sentence Corrective Services Australia Prisoners in Australia Community Service Corrective Services Australia Next Next Yes -
Back to Court Recorded Crime
- Offenders Does Guy Baddie breach his sentence conditions? No -
Sentence complete Yes -
Recorded by Police No -
He exits the
Criminal Justice System Welcome... Click this icon to play audio Click the image for information about available statistics on that topic This presentation provides an overview of the Criminal Justice System in Australia through the adventures of the notorious Guy Baddie.

The Criminal Justice System is a way of describing society’s responses to crime and crime prevention. It is how we maintain the rule of law within society.

In Australia, this includes the following State, Territory and Commonwealth government systems:
legal (legislative)
police (investigative);
criminal courts (adjudicative); and
corrective services (correctional);

The ABS Criminal Justice Statistical Framework models the flows through the criminal justice system and can help us to understand the relationships between data collected at different points of the system. Guy Baddie has exited the
Criminal Justice System Start again Police investigation Click here to see what happens next Next Criminal Courts
Australia Recorded Crime - Victims Back RECORDED CRIME - VICTIMS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4510.0)

Frequency: Annual, calendar year.

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are derived from information on victimisation incidents collected by the ABS from administrative records held by police agencies within each state and territory. A victim can be a person, premise, organisation or motor vehicle.

Scope: Victims of offences classified to the following selected divisions and/or subdivisions of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Offence Classification (ANZSOC): Homicide and related offences; Assault; Sexual assault; Kidnapping and abduction; Robbery; Blackmail and extortion; Unlawful entry with intent; Motor vehicle theft; and Other theft.

Key data items: Victimisation rates for selected offences; Characteristics of victims (sex, age, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status for some states/territories); Offence characteristics (location, weapon use, type of weapon, relationship of offender to victim); Outcome of investigation at 30 days; State/Territory.
For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Recorded Crime - Victims collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/xZUMX6 Button Click the edge of screen or scroll wheel down to zoom out Offender identified CORRECTIVE SERVICES, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4512.0)

Frequency: Quarterly, (March, June, September, December).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory. Statistics on federal prisoners are derived from records kept by the Criminal Law Division of the Australian Government Attorney-General's Department.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial facilities or who are serving adult community-based orders in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of persons in custody; Number of persons in community-based corrections; Imprisonment and community-based corrections rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of persons in custody (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, type of custody, legal status and sentence type) or in community-based corrections (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status , type of order); Number of sentenced persons received into corrective services custody each month; Number of federal prisoners; State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/ImH4FY Back CORRECTIVE SERVICES, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4512.0)

Frequency: Quarterly, (March, June, September, December).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory. Statistics on federal prisoners are derived from records kept by the Criminal Law Division of the Australian Government Attorney-General's Department.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial facilities or who are serving adult community-based orders in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of persons in custody; Number of persons in community-based corrections; Imprisonment and community-based corrections rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of persons in custody (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, type of custody, legal status and sentence type) or in community-based corrections (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status , type of order); Number of sentenced persons received into corrective services custody each month; Number of federal prisoners; State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/ImH4FY Back PRISONERS IN AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4517.0)

Frequency: Annual

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are derived from information about persons held in the legal custody of adult corrective services at midnight on 30 June each year and are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial corrective services agencies in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of prisoners and imprisonment rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of prisoners (age, sex, country of birth, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, legal status, most serious offence/charge, length of sentence being served and prior imprisonment); State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/IkpM93 CRIMINAL COURTS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4513.0)

Frequency: Annual (financial year).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from agencies responsibility for court administration in each state and territory.

Scope: All defendants who have been finalised in the Higher, Magistrates' or Children's Courts.

Key data items: Number and rates of defendants in each court level; defendant characteristics (sex, age, limited Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status information); Case characteristics (principal offence, method of finalisation, sentence outcome and quantum, case duration); State/territory of court.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Criminal Courts collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/N7MnIA Back CRIMINAL COURTS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4513.0)

Frequency: Annual (financial year).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from agencies responsibility for court administration in each state and territory.

Scope: All defendants who have been finalised in the Higher, Magistrates' or Children's Courts.

Key data items: Number and rates of defendants in each court level; defendant characteristics (sex, age, limited Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status information); Case characteristics (principal offence, method of finalisation, sentence outcome and quantum, case duration); State/territory of court.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Criminal Courts collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/N7MnIA Back Back CORRECTIVE SERVICES, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4512.0)

Frequency: Quarterly, (March, June, September, December).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory. Statistics on federal prisoners are derived from records kept by the Criminal Law Division of the Australian Government Attorney-General's Department.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial facilities or who are serving adult community-based orders in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of persons in custody; Number of persons in community-based corrections; Imprisonment and community-based corrections rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of persons in custody (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, type of custody, legal status and sentence type) or in community-based corrections (sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status , type of order); Number of sentenced persons received into corrective services custody each month; Number of federal prisoners; State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/ImH4FY Back Back Back CRIMINAL COURTS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4513.0)

Frequency: Annual (financial year).

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are collected by the ABS from agencies responsibility for court administration in each state and territory.

Scope: All defendants who have been finalised in the Higher, Magistrates' or Children's Courts.

Key data items: Number and rates of defendants in each court level; defendant characteristics (sex, age, limited Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status information); Case characteristics (principal offence, method of finalisation, sentence outcome and quantum, case duration); State/territory of court.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Criminal Courts collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/N7MnIA Community service
order sentence What type of sentence does Guy Baddie receive? PRISONERS IN AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4517.0)

Frequency: Annual

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are derived from information about persons held in the legal custody of adult corrective services at midnight on 30 June each year and are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by corrective services agencies within each state and territory.

Scope: All persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial corrective services agencies in each state and territory in Australia.

Key data items: Number of prisoners and imprisonment rates; Demographic and legal characteristics of prisoners (age, sex, country of birth, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, legal status, most serious offence/charge, length of sentence being served and prior imprisonment); State/territory of correctional facility.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Corrective Services collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/IkpM93 RECORDED CRIME - OFFENDERS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4519.0)

Frequency: Annual, July to June.

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are derived from information about alleged offenders who were proceeded against by police and are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by police agencies within each state and territory.

Scope: All alleged offenders, aged 10 years and over, who have been proceeded against by police during the reference period.

Key data items: Number and rate of offenders proceeded against by police; Characteristics of offenders (sex, age, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status, repeat offending within the reference period, principal offence); Number of police-initiated court and non-court proceedings; State/territory.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Recorded Crime - Offenders collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/x47bMG Information about the victim and their experience will be represented in the ABS Crime Victimisation survey. CRIME VICTIMISATION, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4530.)

Frequency: Annual

Methodology: collected from July to June as part of the Multipurpose Population Household Survey, a supplement to the ABS Labour Force survey. Data are collected using Computer Assisted Interviewing, usually during a telephone interview. One respondent is randomly selected from each household.

Scope: People aged 15 years and over.

Sample size: Approximately 28,500 private dwellings (87% response rate).

Key data items: Victimisation rates for assault, threatened assault, robbery, sexual assault, break-in, attempted break-in, motor vehicle theft, malicious property damage, theft from a motor vehicle and other theft; Characteristics of victims (sex, age, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status, State/Territory, country of birth, marital status, employment status); Characteristic of incidents (items stolen, location of incident, whether reported to police).

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Crime Victimisation Survey please refer to the explanatory and technical notes in Crime Victimisation, Australia.

Link: http://bit.ly/GB7VtT RECORDED CRIME - OFFENDERS, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4519.0)

Frequency: Annual, July to June.

Methodology: Administrative Census. Statistics are derived from information about alleged offenders who were proceeded against by police and are collected by the ABS from administrative records held by police agencies within each state and territory.

Scope: All alleged offenders, aged 10 years and over, who have been proceeded against by police during the reference period.

Key data items: Number and rate of offenders proceeded against by police; Characteristics of offenders (sex, age, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status, repeat offending within the reference period, principal offence); Number of police-initiated court and non-court proceedings; State/territory.

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Recorded Crime - Offenders collection please refer to the explanatory and technical notes.

http://bit.ly/x47bMG Audio: “Whilst he is awaiting trial in the criminal courts, Guy Baddie will be counted in the Corrective Services Australia collection as an unsentenced prisoner. He would also Prisoner Census collection as an unsentenced prisoner if he is in prison on 30 June in a given year.” Defendants who are heard in the Australian Criminal Courts (Supreme, Intermediate, Magistrate's and Children's courts) are reflected in the ABS courts collection. This collection does not include information about defendants in civil matters, the Family Court or specialist courts, such as drug or Indigenous courts. Crime Victimisation
Survey Back Back Back Back Back Back How to use this guide: Click the blue buttons and answer the questions to guide Guy Baddie through the Criminal Justice System Guy Baddie Next Crime Victimisation
Survey He appears in the Corrective Services Australia collection as an unsentenced prisoner under a supervision order Guy Baddie is in jail CRIME VICTIMISATION, AUSTRALIA (cat. no. 4530.)

Frequency: Annual

Methodology: collected from July to June as part of the Multipurpose Population Household Survey, a supplement to the ABS Labour Force survey. Data are collected using Computer Assisted Interviewing, usually during a telephone interview. One respondent is randomly selected from each household.

Scope: People aged 15 years and over.

Sample size: Approximately 28,500 private dwellings (87% response rate).

Key data items: Victimisation rates for assault, threatened assault, robbery, sexual assault, break-in, attempted break-in, motor vehicle theft, malicious property damage, theft from a motor vehicle and other theft; Characteristics of victims (sex, age, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status, State/Territory, country of birth, marital status, employment status); Characteristic of incidents (items stolen, location of incident, whether reported to police).

For more information on the statistical concepts and methodology underpinning the Crime Victimisation Survey please refer to the explanatory and technical notes in Crime Victimisation, Australia.

Link: http://bit.ly/GB7VtT Glossary Criminal Courts
Criminal courts comprise the Higher (Supreme, District and County), Magistrate's (Court of Summary Jurisdiction, Local Court or Court of Petty Sessions), and Children's Court jurisdictions of the states and territories and Commonwealth of Australia. Diversion to a specialist court (e.g. ARC list, Koori court, drug court) Custodial sentence Criminal Courts
Australia Once his case had been finalised, Guy Baddie will be counted in the Criminal courts collection, under the “acquitted” method of finalisation.
Guy Baddie now leaves the criminal justice system and no further statistics are available. Back Back Back Back Back Acquitted
A determination by the court that a defendant is not guilty of the charge(s) on the grounds that the charge has not been proven. This includes dismissal of charge(s) by a court where the defendant is found not guilty on the evidence or due to lack of evidence given by the prosecution. This excludes a finding of not guilty by reason of mental illness or condition at the time the defendant committed the offence.

Adjudicative
This refers to the stage of the Criminal Justice System which involves the criminal courts, who determine the guilt or innocence of defendants and impose a sentence on defendants following a guilty plea or finding. Bail / Supervision order
This is generally a pre-sentence option where a person is released into the community for a period before they appear in court for trial or final sentencing. Bail orders can require a financial surety to be lodged with the court, and a number of conditions including supervision and residential requirements designed to ensure the re-appearance of the person at court.

Breach
An act or omission that breaks conditions of a sentence imposed on a person by a court. Caution
A caution, or warning, is a type of non-court legal action. They can be formal (the offender has a record created but is not proceeded against by police) or informal (issued by police with no offender record created).

Correctional
Refers to the stage of the Criminal Justice System which involves the prisons and other correctional organisations and services. Sentences are managed and administered by corrective services agencies and may include imprisonment, community work and some types of bonds, and other sanctions that can be applied to the offender.

Criminal Courts
Criminal courts comprise the Higher (Supreme, District and County), Magistrate's (Court of Summary Jurisdiction, Local Court or Court of Petty Sessions), and Children's Court jurisdictions of the states and territories and Commonwealth of Australia.

Criminal incident
A criminal incident comprises an offence, or an act that is in breach of the criminal law. The criminal incident may be a breach of state/territory or Commonwealth legislation and multiple offences within a single incident may involve a combination of local and federal crimes. A criminal incident must involve at least one offender but will not necessarily involve a specific victim. Offences such as drug use and traffic offences are examples of victimless offences. When a victim is involved, that victim may be an individual, multiple individuals or a group (for example, an organisation or a family). Offences are grouped into the same unique occurrence if they are committed by the same person(s) and if: they are part of actions committed simultaneously or in sequence over a short period at the same location; or they are part of interrelated actions, with one action leading to the other or being the consequence of the other; and they involve the same action(s) repeated over a long period of time against the same victim(s) and come to the attention of the police at one point in time.

Custodial sentence
Sentence imposed on a defendant which requires a person to have restricted liberty for a specified period of time, either through detainment in an corrective services institution or home or being subject to regular supervision while residing in the community. The court may set aside the order subject to the person being of good behaviour. Custodial sentences include custody in a correctional institution, custody in the community and fully suspended sentence. Data items
The statistical outputs from survey or administrative collections. These can describe characteristics of populations (e.g. age, sex), key collection variables (e.g. offence type, sentence type), outcomes (e.g. sentence length, method of proceeding), or other factors of interest (e,g, geo-spatial indicators, timeliness indicators).

Defendant
A person or organisation against whom one or more criminal charges have been laid. In the Criminal Courts Australia collection, a "defendant" is counted once where their criminal charges are heard together as one unit of work by a court level.

Diversion
A type of legal action through which an offender who meets certain criteria can avoid having a conviction recorded by agreeing to participate and completing a specified program or scheme, designed primarily for treatment and/or rehabilitation. An offender may participate in a diversionary scheme prior to any appearance in court, or after an initial appearance, on the court's recommendation. Finalised defendant
This is the counting unit in the Criminal Courts Australia collection and refers to a person or organisation for whom all charges relating to the one case have been formally completed so that the defendant ceases to be an item of work to be dealt with by the court. Investigative
The investigative stage of the criminal justice system involves the police (including state, territory or federal police services) or other detecting and investigating agencies (such as the Australian Crime Commission). Police investigate reported or observed incidents to determine whether or not they are constitute a criminal offence, search for an offender and gather evidence to build a case for potential prosecution in court. Legislative
Refers to the stage of the Criminal Justice System in which state/territory and Commonwealth laws are developed and enacted by a Government, thus determining what acts that society finds criminal. Method of Finalisation
A defendant undergoing court proceedings is considered to be finalised when all charges against that defendant have been processed to completion within a court level. There are different methods by which a charge may be finalised. Some of these include a guilty finding by a court, a guilty plea by the defendant, acquittal by a court, transfer to another court level and withdrawal by the prosecution. Non-custodial sentence
Sentences imposed on a defendant that do not involve being held in custody. These include community supervision or work orders, monetary orders and other non-custodial orders. Offence
Any act or omission by a person, persons, organisation, or organisations, for which a penalty could be imposed by the Australian legal system.

Offender
A person who commits a criminal offence. For example, in the the Recorded Crime Offender collection, an offender is a person aged 10 years or over who is proceeded against and recorded by police for one or more criminal offences. An offender is only counted once during the reference period irrespective of the number of offences committed or the number of separate occasions that police proceeded against that offender. In the Crime victimisation survey, an offender is someone reported by respondents to have committed an offence. Participants
Participants in a criminal incident include victims, offenders and witnesses. In some incidents an individual may be both a victim and an offender.

Police
Police refers to members of the state, territory and federal policing agencies. The role of police agencies is to maintain order, detect and prevent crime, and enforcing laws. One of the principal functions of the police is to investigate criminal incidents and seek to identify the offender/s.

Proceeding
A proceeding describes the type of legal action (court or non court) initiated by police against a person as a result of an investigation of an offence(s).

Proven guilty
Describes methods of finalisation in which the charges against a defendant are proven. Includes a guilty plea by the defendant, a guilty finding by a court and situations where the court adjudicates and proves charges in the defendant's absence (guilty ex-parte). Rates
The number of units of interest in a collection per 100,000 of the relevant population. For example, victimisation rates are expressed as the number of number of victims per 100,000 of the Estimated Resident Population (ERP); offender rates are the number of offenders per 100,000 of the ERP; and imprisonment rates are the number of prisoners per 100,000 of the adult ERP.

Remanded in custody
Those persons who have been placed in prison custody while awaiting the outcome of their court hearing. They may be unconvicted (remanded in custody for trial), convicted but awaiting sentence (remanded in custody for sentence) or awaiting deportation. Sample size
Data can be collected from part of a population to answer questions about the whole population. The number of units (e.g. persons or households) from whom data are collected reflects the sample size. A feature of samples is that a second sample collected from the same population will be different from the first sample and so on. The difference between samples indicates the variation that exists within a population. This variation can be measured and is referred to as sampling error. In general, the large the sample relative to the population, the smaller the error.

Scope of a collection
Defines the population that a statistical collection captures information about. For example, the Prisoner Census collection information about all persons remanded or sentenced to adult custodial corrective services agencies in Australia.

Sentence
A penalty or penalties imposed by a court upon a defendant who is proven guilty of a criminal offence.

Sentence type
Refers to the nature of the sentence handed down to an offender and can be broadly categorised as either custodial or non-custodial sentences.

Statistical Framework
A framework for a particular area of statistics is a tool that supports statistical measurement and data analysis in that area. It is a broad level conceptual 'map', which allows statistics to be organised and grouped into a logical structure and defines the boundaries and content of these statistics. Unsentenced prisoners
A legal status indicating that a person is confined to custody on remand while awaiting the outcome of their trial. They may be unconvicted (remanded in custody for trial), convicted but awaiting sentence (remanded in custody for sentence) or awaiting deportation. Victim
A person, group of persons, or organisation(s) that have been the target of criminal behaviour.

The definition of victim varies according to the offence category, and can either be a person, premise, organisation, or motor vehicle. For example, for personal offences such as murder or assault, the victim is an individual person. For offences such as robbery, theft or blackmail, the victim may be either an individual person or an organisation. For brake and enter offences, the victim is a premise and for motor vehicle theft, the victim is the motor vehicle. Withdrawn
The formal withdrawal of charge(s) by the prosecution (e.g. police, Director of Public Prosecutions, Attorney-General). This includes nolle prosequi and no true bill. Withdrawal of charges allows the prosecution to charge the defendant on the same incident at a later time. A B C D F I N M O R P S U V W L A B C D F L M I N O P S V W U R Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Back Glossary Back Glossary Click on the Glossary to see definitions for key terms Prisoners in
Australia Breaches can include:
Breach of parole
Failure to complete rehabilitation
Failure to complete work programs
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