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est 32 ch1

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by

李 聖寛

on 16 May 2018

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Transcript of est 32 ch1

est 32 ch1
自動詞 他動詞 目的語 前置詞 副詞 の関係
Birds fly.
I have friends.
鳥は飛ぶ
私は友達を持つ
動詞
動詞
目的語


目的語不要
目的語必要
「鳥は空を飛ぶ」と言いたい場合
Birds fly the sky.
自動詞
目的語
勝手につけてもダメ
in
前置詞の
Birds fly
there.
副詞
動詞修飾
前置詞不要
(M)
(M)
vi
Three little children danced happily on the stage.
M
M
M
M
adj.
adj.
adv.
adv.
S
V
function
class
(品詞)
(働き)
naun
verb
M
adj. or adv.
S
V
vt.
O
bject
vt. (verb transitive)
vi.(verb intransitive)
他動詞
自動詞
S (subject)
主語
M(modifier)
修飾語
V(verb)
動詞
adj. (adjective)
adv.(adverb)
形容詞
副詞
class
品詞
function
働き
prep. preposition
前置詞
conj. (conjunction)
接続詞
0(object)
C(complement)
目的語
補語
Jim built a house near the lake.
n.(noun)
名詞
S =
Jim
V =
built
"built" is "verb transitive."
it takes object "a house."
"near the lake"
= (M)
It modifies "built"
(requires)
He
gave
his daughter
a pretty doll.
I
bought
my father
a nice tie.
He gave me the book.
S
V
O1
O2
He gave the book
to me.
(M)
V
O2
S
He bought me the book.
S
V
O1
O2
He bought the book
for me.
(M)
V
O2
S
He told me the rule.
He told the rule
to me.
He explained me the rule.
He explained the rule
to me.
/
/
/
/
/
S
S
S
S
S
V
V
V
V
V
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
(
)
1.
Mike
has
a lot of
video games
in his room.
2.
Some students
in
my class
have
their own computers.
3.
4.
5.
I
wrote
a long letter
to my friend in Nagano.
My uncle
bought
a very
expensive
painting
ten years ago.
Do you
know
the name of
the boy
with
a bat
in his hand?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She
chose
her daughter
a new skirt.
Ms. White
made
me
a pretty
doll.
I
lent
that book
to
my cousin
in
the hospital.
Mary
sends
a lot of
e-mails
to
her friends.
Jack
gave
me
beautiful flowers
for
my birthday.
6.
She
found
a good cardigan
for
her grandmother.
7.
Did
you
show
the results of
your exam
to your parents?
vi
vt
)
(
(
)
(
)
(
)
彼は昨晩ハワイに向けて出発した
彼はバスに傘を忘れた。
何時にその店に着きましたか。
どうやってそのチケットを手にいれましたか。
その男の子はガラスを割った。
そのガラスは簡単に壊れた。
1. Their new house
stands
near the river.
2. Donald
told
me
his address and the number.
3. Three little birds
are
in the cage.
There are three little birds in the cage.
Full transcript