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Afghanistan Genocide

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Grant Gustafson

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of Afghanistan Genocide

Afghanistan Genocide By: Grant Gustafson The Genocide started when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979. Leonid Brezhnev sent troops into Afghanistan to support the Marxist government. The Mujahideen fought back and were supported by America, Pakistan, United Kingdom, China, and Saudi Arabia. The only group of people that backed the Soviet Union was the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. America started to supply the Afghanistan soldiers with weapons. Another reason that the Soviets went to Afghanistan was to get an oil pipeline to send oil back to the Soviet Union. Ahmad Shah Massoud led the Afghan forces against the Soviets during the Genocide. In 1982 the United Nations called for a Soviet withdrawal. While the Soviets were in Afghanistan, they met the Mujahideen army. In 1986, the United States started to supply the Afghanistan rebels with Stinger Missiles to shoot down planes and helicopters to help them gain leverage over the Soviets. In 1988, the Soviets start to pull troops out of Afghanistan. Later in 1989, they pulled all troops out because the United Nations again told them to. Now the Soviets start to kill innocent people and things get out of hand. They wrapped the elderly in blankets and lit them on fire. In 1978, Afghanistan's communist People's Democratic Party takes over Afghanistan and it causes much turmoil including fighting inside the country. The Soviets currently claim that they were only there to protect the government and deny that they took any part in the genocide. "Afghan Holocaust, Afghan Genocide." Afghan Holocaust, Afghan Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013. <http://afghangenocide.blogspot.com/>.

"Genocide throughout the Country." UC Press E-Book Collection, 1982-2004. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013. <http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7b69p12h>.

"Timeline: Soviet War in Afghanistan." BBC News. BBC, 17 Feb. 2009. Web. 22 May 2013. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7883532.stm>. Stages of the genocide:
Classification and symbolization. A commonly used symbol of the genocide is a picture of a girl named Sharbat Gula. Stages of the genocide:
Afghanistan citizens were often called barbarians and other dehumanizing names by the Soviets. Stages of the genocide:
People were put into religious groups such as Sunnis, Shi'is, and others. Stages of the genocide:
Groups of people got physically driven apart depending on where they lived. Stages of the Genocide:
List of people were written down and later those people were killed. Stages of the genocide:
There were massacres in the middle of the street. Some people were also set on fire. Stages of the genocide.
The Soviets said that they were only there to protect the government. Traits of the genocide.
Killing members of a group:
Mass killings to any Afghan citizen that tried to get in the way of the Soviets. The Soviets killed men just to silence them from speaking out against them. Villagers were burned to death.

Causing serious bodily and/or mental harm to members of a group (rape, etc..):
Female inmates of a mental asylum were repeatedly raped. Islamic criminals raped any women they could get their hands on. Wrapped the weak in bed sheets so they starved.

Deliberately creating conditions of life calculated to bring about physical destruction of a group:
The total destruction of Kabul making citizens flee. The Soviets destroyed Islam temples in order to move religious leaders.

Imposing measures to prevent birth:
Women were raped with objects making them unable to give birth to children. Women were forced to give birth on a street and then have their child be killed in front of them.

Forcibly transferring children to another group:
They made children dance for them to please them and then they kidnapped the kids. Stole peoples property and stole their children.
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