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8.12 Gatsby Chapter 9 Argument

1920's, Jazz Age, F. Scott Fitzgerald
by

Jason Eiben

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of 8.12 Gatsby Chapter 9 Argument

"Implicit Danger" - it is risky to rely on your reader to infer or understand an implied idea!

Implicit = implied Explicit = directly stated

Working with a partner, write an explanation to make the conclusion of each sentence logical to the average reader.

Step 1: "how?" or "why?" Step 2: Answer it! I. HW



II. Do Now


III. Explicit Logic


IV. Independent Practice I. Aim & HW



II. Do Now


III. Unreliable Narrator


IV. Independent Practice I. Aim & HW



II. Do Now


III. Relationship Analysis


IV. Independent Practice 7th Period Inner Circle:
Tyra
Marquis
Malik
Remy
Samantha
Yoshmely 1) Your claim should directly name O'Brien's attitude about "duty"
2) Provide context and a quotation
3) Zoom in and analyze the quote
4) Explicitly link analysis to your claim Stay on task and complete the exit ticket! 50 points! Lesson 8.9 Do Now: On the seminar sheet... Answer the reading questions from Chapter 6 of The Great Gatsby. Feel free to use your text or notes as you work! I. Aim & HW


II. Text [5]


III. Questions [5]


V. Seminar [20] AIM: SWBAT analyze Fitzgerald's attitudes toward "The American Dream" or "Modern Disillusionment" through a seminar discussion of Chapter 6 of The Great Gatsby. HW: Read through Chapter 7 of The Great Gatsby, use study guide & take notes! 2nd Period Inner Circle:
Adriana
Nicholas
Daquan
Abdul
Wilson
Alexander
Malik Darnell
Aris
Cesar
Kamao
Pedro
Jasmine
George Mark
Xiolaida
Kristyan
Lisbeth
Jhon
Andy I. Aim & HW



II. Video


III. Fitzgerald


V. Jigsaw


VI. Posters Lesson 8.1 Do Now: On the hand-out AIM: SWBAT examine the social and historical context behind F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby. HW: Any missing work is due TODAY! Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Complete the "Know" and "Want to Know" sections of the graphic organizer. For the last 5 minutes, you will view and vote for the best book cover. The team with the most votes will earn extra credit! Group Work Will Be Graded! Using your notes, your team will create an imaginary book cover for The Great Gatsby. Accurate Summary
Criteria for Success: - Identify the purpose of the text

- Identify the key idea/ideas

- Identify relevant details to explain the key idea/ideas Jigsaw step 1:
- Read and annotate your assigned text
- Fill the "Notes" section of your sheet Expectations = silent independent work Jigsaw step 2:
- Use your notes to write a summary paragraph. Expectations = silent, independent work - Identify the purpose of the text
- Identify the key idea/ideas
- Identify relevant details to explain the key idea/ideas Jigsaw step 3:
- Share your notes with two other students.
- Paraphrase your neighbor's summary onto your own notes. Expectations = Stay on topic! The purpose of this reading was to...


Key ideas...


Details... Lesson 8.3 Do Now: On the hand-out AIM: SWBAT analyze character interactions in order to build claims about the relationships between characters in The Great Gatsby. HW: Finish reading chapter 2. Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Identify the source of all 10 quotes. Explain your strategy or approach. Independent, Silent Work: 1) Complete a dialogue journal with a summary of a confusing quote from Chapter 1.

2) Continue reading to finish as much of chapter 1 as possible. Lesson 8.5 Do Now: start your quiz! AIM: SWBAT analyze a writing prompt in order to plan reading and analysis strategies for an analytical essay. HW: Read chapter 4, 2 summaries & questions. Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Clear your desk of all materials except a pen/pencil, your book, and your dialogue journal summaries. Independent, Silent Work: 1) Complete a dialogue journal with a summary of a confusing quote from Chapter 1.

2) Continue reading to finish as much of chapter 1 as possible. Peer Grading: Use the red pen, score accurately (or hurt your own grade!)

Plot-Based Questions: (3 points per question)
- 1 point for complete sentences
- 1 point for specific and accurate answer
- 1 point for fully answering the question

Analysis Questions: (10 points per question)
- Must be 3+ complete sentences
- Must reference an example, detail, or plot point to as evidence supporting the answer
- Must fully answer all parts of the question Nick lives in a cheap house in West Egg which is near the water and is next door to Gatsby's mansion. Daisy and Tom are married and have a daughter, but their relationship is strained because Tom is cheating on Daisy. Mr. Gatsby is Nick's mysterious neighbor. People have wild theories about his past, and many do not trust him due to possible illegal business connections. In chapter 1, Fitzgerald creates images of many things, including the beautiful home of Daisy and Tom. His descriptions of the the sprawling yard and expensive home help readers to understand the social class of characters. Nick is impressed by the mansion, which reminds us that he is not as wealthy as Daisy and Tom. George is Myrtle's husband. Myrtle is Tom's mistress. He thinks that she is going to visit her sister in Manhattan. Tom spoils Myrtle by buying her gifts. Myrtle clearly resents Daisy, as she eventually complains about her during the party. Tom and Myrtle argue, and Tom breaks her nose after she says Daisy's name at the party. The glasses of Dr. Eckleburg are an important image in this chapter. They are watching the characters as they travel through the "Valley of Ashes", including Tom's trips to visit Myrtle. These eyes might represent the eyes of god, or the eyes of society, which clearly see the poor behavior of these characters. The party is full of strangers, jazz music, and alcohol. Gatsby's house is open for people to wander around, and people gossip about their theories on Gatsby's past. The party-goers are diverse, but for the most part none of them know who Gatsby is at all. Many of the people are famous actors or high-class couples. Most are just there for the free food and drinks, and want to go crazy. Nick does not realize that a man at his table is actually Gatsby. They talk about their shared experience in the war before Gatsby reveals that he is the host of the party. Gatsby seems to be lying about aspects of his past, and he talks as if he is trying to sound classy. He leaves frequently to make mysterious phone calls. The side plots of Owl-Eyes and the car crash help to set a mood of confusion during the party scene. When Owl-Eyes is found in the library reading all of the un-read books, readers get a glimpse at Gatsby's strange home. Not only does this help to create the confused mood, it also helps to characterize Gatsby as a vain man. Lesson 8.6 Do Now: read the text, write a summary! HW: Continue reading through Chapter 4 of The Great Gatsby. (reading check tomorrow!) Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? This activity is intentionally frustrating! Try your best to figure out what the Higgs Boson is, based on the paragraph. Independent, Silent Work: The Higgs boson appears to confirm the existence of the Higgs field, which is pivotal to the Standard Model.

It explains why some fundamental particles have mass when the symmetries controlling their interactions should require them to be massless... This activity was designed to frustrate you. Why is it frustrating? When cooking with oil, one should never try to put out a fire by pouring water on it due to the relative difference in the boiling temperature of oil and water.

Step 1: Notice whether the statement makes you ask "how?" or "why?"

Step 2: Add an explanation to answer "how?" or "why?" Water has a lower boiling point than oil, so when you pour water onto hot, burning oil, the water instantly turns to steam and expands rapidly, exploding burning oil out of the pan. AIM: SWBAT employ explicit logical arguments in order to ensure full expression of a literary analysis. "Coco muerte" describes the fatal accident of a falling coconut breaking a person's skull, which actually causes more deaths each year than shark attacks! Dry ice is made of carbon dioxide, which freezes at -109 degrees. Regular ice becomes slick when you touch it because your body heat melts the ice to form a layer of water, but dry ice is so cold that it freezes your skin instead of melting! Probability states that the outcome of one trial does not influence the possible outcomes of future trials, so choosing a string in order is just as likely as random numbers. The auditory nerve is directly wired to your nervous system and muscles, so when you hear an unexpected sound your muscles twitch without you thinking about it. When you see a scary sight, your eyes have to process the image to your brain, and you have to think about the sight before your brain tells your muscles to move. If your body travels close to the speed of light, reality and time itself will slow down around you. This means that the faster that you are traveling in space, the slower you experience time compared to people who are on earth. The glasses of Dr. T.J. Eckleburg represent...

The author uses them to... 1) Read independently (5 min)
2) Work with partner to answer prompt (5 min)
3) Share out (5 min) 1) Where do we ask "how?" or "why?"
2) Answer it! I. HW



II. Do Now


III. Explicit Logic


IV. Independent Practice Lesson 8.7 Do Now: read the text & answer your question. HW: Continue reading through Chapter 5 of The Great Gatsby. (reading check tomorrow!) Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Read the instructions carefully to ensure that you are answering the correct question! Independent, Silent Work: AIM: SWBAT plan and execute prompt-based reading and analysis in order to prepare for a literary essay. Feedback from yesterday...

- Many exit tickets still did not explicitly detail how or why the evidence supports the claim!

- "this shows..." WHY or HOW does the evidence show your idea?

- many incomplete or missing tickets I. HW



II. Reading Passages


III. Sample Work


IV. Independent Practice Do Now: HW: Continue reading through Chapter 6 of The Great Gatsby. (seminar tomorrow!) Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? 1) Why does the group go to the city?

2) What conflicts come to the front in this chapter, and what is the outcome?

3) What happens on the way home from New York City, and who takes the blame?

4) How do the characters react to this event? Independent, Silent Work: AIM: SWBAT present explicit, logical analysis in order to support a claim about text evidence. Page 91 Page 83 Quote Analysis Pg. 84 (Nick describes the flowers he got for Daisy's visit)

"The flowers were unnecessary, for at two o'clock a greenhouse arrived from Gatsby's, with innumerable receptacles to contain it." Quote Analysis Pg. 86 (Gatsby and Daisy reunite at Nick's house.)

"[Gatsby's] head leaned back so far that it rested against the face of a defunct mantelpiece clock...

...'We've met before,' muttered Gatsby. His eyes glanced momentarily at me, and his lips parted with an abortive attempt at a laugh. Luckily the clock took this moment to tilt dangerously at the pressure of his head, whereupon he turned and caught it with trembling fingers and set it back in place." Quote Analysis Pg. 92 (Daisy's reaction to Gatsby's mansion.)

"He took out a pile of shirts and began throwing them, one by one, before us, shirts of sheer linen and thick silk...
... Suddenly, with a strained sound, Daisy bent her head into the shirts and began to cry stormily.
'They're such beautiful shirts,' she sobbed, her voice muffled in the thick folds. 'It makes me sad because I've never seen such - such beautiful shirts before." What might be revealed through the shirts in ch. 6? Criteria for Success:
- CCEAJ paragraph (C & E provided)
- Your analysis must be detailed and explicit!
- Your analysis should be at least 4 sentences long!

If you finish early, please begin your reading homework (through Chapter 6) Steps:
1) What detail sticks out in the quote?


2) What connotations or connecting ideas are related to this detail?


3) What do these connotations or connecting ideas suggest about the characters?


4) What does this insight about the characters suggest about the author's point of view? 1) What detail sticks out in the quote?


2) What connotations or connecting ideas are related to this detail?



3) What do these connotations or connecting ideas suggest about the characters?



4) What does this insight about the characters suggest about the author's point of view? These flowers have connotations with...




When Gatsby orders these flowers, it reveals...




This characterizes Gatsby's love for Daisy as...




As a result, Fitzgerald suggests that... Notes and participation only earn credit if they are about a specific passage from the text! Expectations:
1) Focused, productive work time
2) Complete your writing by the end of the period - no extensions!
3) Write explicit and detailed analysis, (at least 3 sentences) **Summary Journals? Show them for credit today!** Do Now: 1) Why does the group go to the city?

2) What conflicts come to the front in this chapter, and what is the outcome?

3) What happens on the way home from New York City, and who takes the blame?

4) How do the characters react to this event? I. HW



II. Hook


III. Explicit Logic


IV. Independent Practice HW: Continue reading through chapter 8 of Gatsby! Reading day tomorrow! Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 10 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Independent, Silent Work: AIM: SWBAT reference specific textual details in order to present an explicit analysis in support of a thesis. Page 120: Gatsby and Nick talk while they wait for the group to leave for the city.

“Gatsby turned to me rigidly:
‘I can’t say anything in this house, old sport.’
‘She’s got an indiscreet voice,’ I remarked. ‘It’s full of –‘ I hesitated.
‘Her voice is full of money,’ he said suddenly.
That was it. I’d never understood before. It was full of money – that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbal’s song of it…. High in a white palace the king’s daughter, the golden girl….” Criteria for Success: (copy in your notes - will be collected!)

1) Notes must include quote, page #, and context

2) Analysis must focus on one or more words/phrases that suggest a deeper meaning

3) Analysis must explicitly answer “how” or “why” the text suggests the deeper idea Feedback from Friday's Seminar:

- Interesting analysis of abstract text
- Logic in verbal arguments was more explicit

- Many seminar sheets still need to be turned in
- Logic in written arguments needs to be more explicit. Sample analysis:
Nick describes Daisy’s voice as ...

which has connotations of ...

Gatsby's line suggests that...

Nick then connects this idea to...

which has connotations of...

This scene characterizes Daisy as... Page 135: After Gatsby asked Daisy to say that she never loved Tom, but she can't.

Her frightened eyes told that whatever intentions, whatever courage she had, were definitely gone.
“You two start on home, Daisy,” said Tom. “In Mr. Gatsby’s car,”
She looked at Tom, alarmed now, but he insisted with magnanimous scorn.
“Go on. He won’t annoy you. I think he realizes that his presumptuous little flirtation is over.”
They were gone, without a word, snapped out, made accidental, isolated, like ghosts, even from our pity.
After a moment Tom got up and began wrapping the unopened bottle of whiskey in the towel.
“What any of this stuff? Jordan?... Nick?”
I didn’t answer.
“Nick?” He asked again.
“What?”
“Want any?”
“No… I just remembered that today’s my birthday.”
I was thirty. Before me stretched the portentous, menacing road of a new decade. 1) Read (or re-read!) pages 136-145
2) Find at least 3 moments that you feel have a deeper meaning.
- Note the page #, context, and quote
- Focus on words/phrases that suggest deeper meaning.
- Write to explain HOW or WHY the text suggests the deeper meaning.
3) Turn in notes as exit ticket! If you finish early, start reading chapter 8! ** Late homework or seminar sheets must be turned in THIS PERIOD!** Do Now: 1) How does the community react to Gatsby's death?

2) Describe Mr. Gatz - what type of a person does he seem to be?

3) What happens between Nick and Jordan Baker?

4) Describe Gatsby's funeral.

5) Analysis: What is Nick's final judgment of Daisy and Tom? Are we supposed to agree? I. HW



II. Hook


III. Explicit Logic


IV. Independent Practice HW: FINISH READING GATSBY (through chapter 9)! Work hard. Be nice. "I do my work!"


"I got you!" "I do my work well, on time!"


"I got you RIGHT NOW!" When you have 30 minutes to get work done, how many of those minutes do you spend actually working? Independent, Silent Work: AIM: SWBAT plan and execute prompt-based reading and analysis in order to prepare for a literary essay. 1) Read page 180
2) As you read, take note of evidence to answer the prompt
3) Write an argument with EXPLICIT ANALYSIS! If you finish early, start brainstorming for Task 10 - due in 8 days! ** Late homework or seminar sheets must be turned ASAP!** Exposition Conflict Rising Action Climax Falling Action Denouement Setup: Nick's Apartment Daisy & Tom Who is Gatsby? What does he want? Meeting Gatsby
Gatsby's parties
Tea date The hotel suite; Daisy loves Gatsby, but also loved Tom Myrtle hit-and-run
Gatsby waits outside Daisy's house
George Wilson shoots Gatsby ??? Do Now: 1) How does the community react to Gatsby's death?

2) Describe Mr. Gatz - what type of a person does he seem to be?

3) What happens between Nick and Jordan Baker?

4) Describe Gatsby's funeral.

5) Analysis: What is Nick's final judgment of Daisy and Tom? Are we supposed to agree? I. HW



II. Hook


III. Explicit Logic


IV. Independent Practice HW: Finish reading Gatsby to prepare for seminar tomorrow! AIM: SWBAT construct analytical arguments through explicit textual analysis. pg 174, Owl Eyes attends the funeral:

... I don't know how he knew about the funeral, or even his name. The rain poured down his thick glasses, and he took them off and wiped them to see the protecting canvas unrolled from Gatsby's grave.
I tried to think about Gatsby then for a moment, but he was already too far away, and I could only remember, without resentment, that Daisy hadn't sent a message or a flower. Dimly I heard some one murmur "Blessed are the dead that rain falls on," and then the owl-eyed man said "Amen to that," in a brave voice.
We straggled down quickly through the rain to the cars. Owl-eyes spoke to me by the gate.
"I couldn't get to the house," he remarked.
"Neither could anybody else."
"Go on!" He started. "Why, my God! they used to go there by the hundreds."
He took off his glasses and wiped them again, outside and in.
"The poor son-of-a-bitch," he said. Owl Eyes' remarks at Gatsby's funeral suggest that


After learning that none of Gatsby's party guests visited his house after his murder, Owl Eyes calls Gatsby a "poor son-of-a-bitch." In choosing to call Gatsby "poor"...





As a result...
Full transcript