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Transcript of Robert Koch
Robert Koch was widely known as one of the founders of bacteriology and microbiology. He investigated the anthrax disease cycle in 1876, and studied the bacteria that causes tuberculosis in 1882. He also studied the bacteria that causes cholera in 1883. He also formulated Koch's postulates. Koch won the 1905 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Early Life and Education
Born in 1843 Glausthaul, Germany, Robert Koch was a childhood prodigy. He taught himself to read newspapers when he was only 5 years old. He loved to read classical literature and was a chess expert. He gained an interest in science when he was in high school and decided to study biology. Koch got his medical degree from the University of Gottingen, Germany in 1866.
Koch developed a strong interest in pathology, which is the causes and effects of diseases, and infectious diseases as a medical student. After working as a physician in many small towns throughout Germany, he volunteered as a military surgeon during the Franco-Prussion war (1870-72). He was appointed a district medical officer for Wollstein after the war
His main duty as a medical officer was investigating the spread of infectious bacterial diseases. Koch was very much interested in the transmission of anthrax from cattle to humans. Not very happy with the prevailing process of confirming the cause of infectious disease, Koch formulated four criteria in 1890 that must be achieved for establishing a cause of an infectious disease. These rules were termed as “Koch’s postulates” or “Henle-Koch postulates”. German pathologist Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle was a collaborator in Koch’s research.
Later Life and Death
Robert Koch’s brilliant contributions were acknowledged in 1905, and he won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. The medical applications of biotechnology still heavily depend on the Koch’s principles of affirming the causes of infectious diseases. Koch died in 1910 in Black Forest region of Germany. He was 66 years old.
By: Rebekah Diaz