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Reasons for Appeasement Policy

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by

Izyan Roz

on 29 July 2016

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Transcript of Reasons for Appeasement Policy

What is Appeasement
Diplomatic policy
1. Fear of another major war
Impact of
World War 1
Militarily unprepared for another large scale war
Britain and France greatly affected by WW1:
loss of lives, military, economy, morale
4. Genuine Sympathy for Germany
Unfairness of Treaty of Versailles
5. Chamberlain's Misjudgement of Hitler
2. Weakness of the League of Nations
Appeasement Policy
Negotiations &
Concessions
To avoid war
Adopted by Britain and France towards Germany
Some historians blame the appeasement policy for outbreak of WWII in Europe
Why?
They believed if Britain and France had taken action against Hitler when he first started to violate the Treaty of Versailles, World War II in Europe
could have been avoided
Give in to country's demands
Satisfy the country's needs
Make agreements, discussions
Compromise
Peace by reasoning
Give concessions
Do not oppose
Avoid starting a war
REASONS FOR
APPEASEMENT

Why did Britain & France follow a policy of appeasement?
Rearmament was difficult
Public disgust
towards war
Effects of
Great Depression
1929-39
Chamberlain would lose public support if he went to war with Germany
Needed public support
to stay in power as PM
Disliked war, wished to avoid unnecessary conflict
Aware that British people were
war-weary
,
pacifist state
1937 became
PM
of Great Britain
Saw appeasement as the
only sensible strategy
to deal with Hitler
Non supporters: Winston Churchill
1938 Signed
Munich Agreement
1939
Declared war
on Germany after invasion of Poland
Proved to be
ineffective
when dealing with strong powerful countries
British pursued appeasement instead of relying on League to act.
Main Aim
:
Resolve international disputes peacefully
3. Buying time to rearm
WW1 had weakened Britain and France
economically
and
militarily
Appeasement Policy gave them time to rearm themselves
Would have lost if entered war with Germany before it could rearm itself
Many British politicians thought Treaty of Versailles was harsh on Germany
Chamberlain believed Hitler's claims that Germans in Czech were oppressed
He thought Hitler's intention was only to give them self-determination
He thought by giving in to Hitler he could prevent another war
Chamberlain thought Hitler was a man who could be reasoned with
He felt Hitler's words could be trusted
Thought Hitler wanted to revise Treaty of Versailles instead of abolishing it
Chamberlain believed Hitler's promise to stop making demands after getting Sudetenland but Hitler invaded Czech and Poland after
Chamberlain often trusted Hitler's promises but Hitler repeatedly broke them.
6. Fear of Communism
Hitler seen as a potential ally against communism
Britain and France leaders saw Communism as a more bigger threat than Facism
Hitler was successful in keeping communism out of his country by banning the Communist Party and sending its leaders to concentration camps
Britain and France believed a stronger Germany could act as a shield against Soviet Union & prevent spread of communism
RECAP
Causes of WWII
SIMULATION
ACTIVITY

Can you guess the event we are doing?
1. Hitler's Expansionist Policy
2. Weakness of the League of Nations
3. Appeasement
Anglo-German Naval Agreement
Treaty of Versailles
stated: German navy should have 6 warships over 10000 tons & no submarines
How is it appeasement?
But Britain signed
Anglo-German Naval Agreement 1935
: Allowed Germany to have a navy one-third the tonnage of Britain's surface fleet and equal tonnage of submarines
Why do they need to appease Germany with more navy?
Would
appease the anger
of the Germans towards the Treaty of Versailles
Irony
The agreement also stated if Hitler continued to build its navy, Britain would place limits on Germany
Angered the French, Confused the British people
Britain
had condemned Germany for breaking Treaty terms
but is
now encouraging Germany
to break it
To
stabilise
Europe
Allowed Germany to
defend
itself without threatening the peace of Europe
Consequences of this appeasement
Germany
possessed a navy much larger
than it was allowed under the Treaty of Versailles
Made Hitler
challenge
the Treaty terms further and eventually the
withdrawal
from LON
How did this Anglo-German Naval Agreement lead to outbreak of WWII in Europe?
Allowed Germany to
rebuild
and
strengthen
its military capabilities
Facilitate conditions to expand and enter war
Encouraged
Hitler to
break Treaty terms
further
Lack of action against Hitler's acts of aggression
Munich Agreement
Quiz Yourself!
http://kahoot.it
Recall Reasons for Appeasement
Each person will get a card with a specific country role and context

Read it carefully.
DO NOT REVEAL YOUR ROLE CARD TO ANYONE
What was the event that happened?
Which year did it happen?
Which one of you will be the most affected?
Britain & France,
It's time to choose your next course of action
You have
TWO
options:
1. Oppose Hitler and go to War with Germany
2. Leave Hitler alone and do not take any action against him
1. Oppose Hitler and go to war with Germany
What are your reasons?
2. Leave Hitler alone and do not take any action against him
What are your reasons?
Course of action taken in 1936:
NO ACTION TAKEN AGAINST GERMANY
Germany will stand on one side
Britain and France will stand on the other
What do you notice about the military balance?
Britain and France

• Do you think your side is strong enough to defeat Germany if you decided to go to war in 1936?

• Why do you think Britain and France did not want to go to war then?


Why do you think Hitler sent so little and very weak troops to Rhineland when they knew they could be easily beaten by France or British troops?


GERMANY
THINK...
If challenged by Britain and France, the German advance could not have succeeded

In fact the German Army had orders to retreat had any move been made by the French forces.

The French was strong enough to attack German forces but they did not attack since Britain did not react.

Lesson of Simulation Activity:
Concept of APPEASEMENT
By not taking any action to avoid war,
you are following a policy of appeasement

You lost nearly two million men in WW1.
• Your economy is in bad shape.
• There are political riots on your streets daily.
• You are not sure if the British will support you.
• The Rhineland is indisputably part of Germany.
• The German army appears very strong

FRANCE

1. You lost nearly a million men in the Great War
2. Your economy is in bad shape.
3. You have just signed a naval treaty with Germany.
4. You can't see how a militarised Rhineland is any threat to Britain.
5. You don't trust the French to fight

BRITAIN

1. Your leader Hitler has become the supreme leader of Nazi Germany
2. He has aggressive expansionist aims
3. His first target is to remilitarize the Rhineland
4. However he took a risk by only sending a small number of weak troops there
5. Hitler was wary of France who might attack back
6. Hitler was prepared to retreat back his army if France invaded

GERMANY
Group Activity Part 1
Arguments For or Against Appeasement?

1. Your group will be given cut outs of Arguments A to N, a board and blue tack.
2. As a group, organize the arguments according to whether they support appeasement or are against appeasement.
Group Activity Part 2
PADLET Group Mission
Each group will be assigned a group name:
ALPHA
BRAVO
CHARLIE
DELTA
ECHO
FOXTROT
HOTEL
GOLF
LOG IN TO:
http://padlet.com/msizyan/ww2
Find the post with your group name and the 2 arguments assigned to your group
YOUR MISSION
Answer the questions given:
a. Explain why the arguments support or are against appeasement.
b. Identify who might have said the statement.
c. Was appeasement a mistake? Why or why not?
Be ready to present your answers.
HOMEWORK:
Due
Monday, 3rd Aug

Q) “The Policy of Appeasement was a mistake.” How far do you agree with this statement?
Explain your answer. [12m]
Q) “The Policy of Appeasement was a mistake.”
How far do you agree with this statement?
Explain your answer. [12m]
How to answer:
1. Explain Appeasement Policy
2. One paragraph Agree: Yes it was a mistake because…
3. One paragraph Disagree: No it was not a mistake because…
4. Balanced Conclusion to address criteria of ‘How far’.
Full transcript