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Transcript of Psychology
Born and raised in Brooklyn New York.
Majored in psychology because he wanted a career that would "help change the world" and believed that social science could accomplish this goal.
Humanists do not believe that human beings are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces, either of provocation (behaviorism) or of unconscious impulses (psychoanalysis). Humanists focus upon potentials. They believe that humans strive for the highest level of wisdom and acknowledgement. Maslow calls this level, "self-actualizing person."
In the 1960’s:
People became tired of mechanical forces, behaviorism and psychoanalysis. They were looking for meaning and purpose in their lives, even a higher, more mystical meaning. They wanted a theory in which they can actually prove to themselves that it's actually accurate. Maslow was one of the pioneers in that movement to bring the human being back into psychology through insightful levels of humanistic needs.
Maslow based his theory's on different approaches including Freudian, Adlerian, behaviorist, and cognitive-gestalt into one cohesive meta-theory. Later he made a pyramid called the hierarchy of needs that is process of steps a a person must take to individually grow as a person.
How he came up with this theory.
Physical requirements in order to survive.
Protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability.
Love and belonging:
Social involvement and sense of belonging. Includes both giving and receiving love.
The belonging need, esteem presents the normal human desire to be accepted and valued by others.
Finding a person's full potential and realizing that potential
Abraham Harold Maslow
Lifetime: April 1, 1908- June 8, 1970 (age 62)
Practitioner of humanistic psychology
Key Idea: Triangle of Self-Actualization
1st of seven Jewish siblings
Married his 1st cousin Bertha Goodman
Studied law in City College of New York
Later switched to University of Wisconsin where he studied psychology
Received: bachelor's (1930), master's (1931), and a doctorate (1934)
Why so Influential?
constant body temperature
respect of others
respect by others
lack of prejudice
Maslow as a Humanists Psychologist
security of body
The natural human need to learn, explore, discover and create to get a better understanding of the world around them.
Humans need to refresh themselves in the presence and beauty of nature while carefully absorbing and observing their surroundings to extract the beauty that the world has to offer.
Universal connection within humans and the world. Helping everyone out can also benefit ourselves.
As a professor at Brooklyn College, he started to gather up ideas to prove his humanistic theory.
During World War II Maslow discovered that many high achievers have experienced a high-peaked experience and that's when he created the "self-actualizing" level.
In 1954, Maslow published "Motivation and Personality" based on human nature.
In the 1960's:
Entrepreneurs sought his advice on motivating their employees. Employees were encouraged to work together to maximize their personal strengths through interesting, challenging tasks. As Maslow predicted, this caused the productivity and innovation to quickly increase.