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Copy of Autism

A developmental disorder that appears in the the 3 years of life.
by

Febin Marish

on 10 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Autism

By, Katie & Emma. Autism. Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life. The exact number of children with autism is not known. HOW MANY CHILDREN HAVE AUTISM? Babbling by 12 months
Gesturing (pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months
Saying single words by 16 months
Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months (not just echoing)
Losing any language or social skills at any age Signs It affects the brain's normal development and social communication skills. identical twins are much more likely than fraternal twins or
siblings to both have autism. Similarly, language abnormalities are more common in relatives of autistic children. Chromosomal abnormalities and other nervous system (neurological) problems are also more common in families with autism. A number of other possible causes have been suspected, but
not proven. They involve:
Diet
Digestive tract changes
Mercury poisoning
The body's inability to properly use vitamins and minerals
Vaccine sensitivity Autism affects boys more often than girls. Asperger syndrome (like autism, but with normal language development)
Rett syndrome (very different from autism, and almost always occurs in females)
Pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), also called atypical autism Symptoms Most parents of autistic children suspect that something is wrong by the time the child is 18 months old and seek help by the time the child is age 2. Children with autism typically have difficulties in:
Pretend play
Social interactions
Verbal and nonverbal communication Some children with autism appear normal before age 1 or 2 and then suddenly "regress" and lose language or social skills they had previously gained. This is called the regressive type of autism.
People with autism may:
Be overly sensitive in sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste (for example, they may refuse to wear "itchy" clothes and become distressed if they are forced to wear the clothes)
Have unusual distress when routines are changed
Perform repeated body movements
Show unusual attachments to objects
The symptoms may vary from moderate to severe. Communication problems. Cannot start or maintain a social conversation
Communicates with gestures instead of words
Develops language slowly or not at all
Does not adjust gaze to look at objects that others are looking at
Does not refer to self correctly
Does not point to direct others' attention to objects (occurs in the first 14 months of life)
Repeats words or memorized passages, such as commercials Does not make friends
Does not play interactive games and is withdrawn
May not respond to eye contact or smiles, or may avoid eye contact
May treat others as if they are objects
Prefers to spend time alone, rather than with others
Shows a lack of empathy Response to sensory Does not startle at loud noises
Has heightened or low senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste
May find normal noises painful and hold hands over ears
May withdraw from physical contact because it is overstimulating or overwhelming
Rubs surfaces, mouths or licks objects
Seems to have a heightened or low response to pain Behaviors "Acts up" with intense tantrums
Gets stuck on a single topic or task
Has a short attention span
Has very narrow interests
Is overactive or very passive
Shows aggression to others or self
Shows a strong need for sameness
Uses repetitive body movements Play Doesn't imitate the actions of others
Prefers solitary or ritualistic play
Shows little pretend or imaginative play Treatment is most successful when it is geared toward the child's particular needs. An experienced specialist or team should design the program for the individual child. A variety of therapies are available, including: Applied behavior analysis (ABA)
Medications
Occupational therapy
Physical therapy
Speech-language therapy MEDICINE Medicines are often used to treat behavior or emotional problems that people with autism may have, including: Aggression
Anxiety
Attention problems
Extreme compulsions that the child cannot stop
Hyperactivity
Impulsiveness
Irritability
Mood swings
Outbursts
Sleep difficulty
Tantrums THE END!
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