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US Foreign Policy: East Asia
Transcript of US Foreign Policy: East Asia
East Asia, Middle East and Latin America
EQ: Should the US still enforce the Monroe Doctrine?
Excerpts from "A Changing East Asia and US Foreign Policy" by Choi Kang
Groton-Dunstable Regional High School
The rise of China is precipitating a power transition in East Asia. China has become the top trading partner of almost every country in the region.
Its military power is increasing to match that of the United States. Asymmetrical interdependence between China and other regional states across various dimensions continues to grow.
Kang, Choi. "A Changing East Asia and U.S. Foreign Policy." 29 May 2012. Council on Foreign Relations. Nov 2013.
East Asia has also been experiencing structural changes.
Despite some progress in modernizing the U.S.-led alliance system, U.S. bilateral alliances have been relatively static, while minilateral or multilateral organizations and institutions are advancing.
East Asia Summit
(Association of Southeast Asian Nations plus China, Japan, and South Korea),
ASEAN Regional Forum
(ARF) have become active and are expected to expand their respective roles and areas of influence.
The increasing dynamism resulting from integration and cooperation among the countries in the region has become visible and multidimensional.
U.S. Policy Toward the Asia-Pacific
Against this backdrop, President Barack Obama has indicated his administration's intention to refocus U.S. policy toward the Asia-Pacific region. This agenda reflects the rediscovery of the importance of the Transpacific axis in the twenty-first century in various dimensions from security to economics. Engagement and enlargement capture the basic direction of this Obama policy, which includes the following elements:
strengthening traditional alliances
strengthening partnerships with other regional countries
managing and developing a cooperative relationship with China
participating in and working with multilateral regional mechanisms
developing and strengthening trade relations (through the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and the Trans-Pacific Partnership)
1.) THe United States has been arguing that it is an Asia-Pacific country. Unfortunately, such rhetoric has not been substantiated through concrete policy or action.
2.) U.S. policy has been relatively reactive to regional dynamics. The United States has not paid sufficient attention to the unfolding changes in the region, and its policies are selective and issue-based, rather than comprehensive.
3.) The U.S. approach in this region has been driven by traditional concerns and concepts of security. Consequently, it has relied primarily on its bilateral alliances with the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, and Australia.
DCQ: "Japan should be a nuclear power."
Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF)
Keen Sword & Dawn Blitz
Position Paper: What should the US do to maintain peace in the Korean Peninsula?
US-South Korea Relations
NK Geopolitical Challenge
Inside North Korea
EQ: Why is the US involved in the Middle East?