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Transcript of MATHEMATICS
HOW CAN YOU DEVEOP A STUDENT'S MATH FOUNDATION?
Teach students to be math literate.
Provided sufficient guided and independent practice with math concepts.
Practice with a group and individually
Foundation or basic knowledge is necessary for comprehension and growth
STUDENTS WITH MILD DISABILITIES
Holes in mathematical literacy and understanding
Limited mastery of skills and no support in developing basic concepts
What areas of math can lack support and understanding?
The type of difficulty a student experiences when learning mathematics differs from reading and writing difficulties.
HOW IS MATH SIMILAR TO READING AND WRITING?
TEN AREAS OF MATHEMATICS STANDARDS
Numbers and operation
Reason and proof
FOUNDATIONAL CONCEPTS AND SKILLS
BASIC COMPUTATION CONCEPTS AND SKILLS
VOCABULARY FOR COMPUTATION
Link concepts and skills
Conceptual foundations of mathematics
ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION
Promote automatic recall
Inverse operation to multiplication
MEMORIZING CALCULATION FACTS
Can reduce errors and improve comprehension
Students with mild disabilities can benefit from drills and practice to improve recall.
USING A CALCULATOR
Can help a students with mild disabilities.
Issues with retaining information in memory
OTHER BASIC SKILLS
Rounding to compatible numbers
Rate of composition or decomposition
Students with mild disabilities have been denied participation...
Calculations are embedded
Students with mild disabilities can have difficulty with....
Mathematical literacy and embedded literacy tasks
Confound story problems
Complex math tasks
APPROACHES TO MATH INSTRUCTION
SKILLS THAT BUILD ON NUMERACY AND CALCULATION
Learning parts of a whole.
Can develop an understanding of proportions, ratio, and probability.
Students with mild disabilities have difficulty because factions are abstract.
Can be easier than factions
Students must be knowledgeable about place value.
HELPFUL TIPS FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
Teach cue words
Make sure students have the appropriate levels of reading literacy
Avoid confound story problems
Be mindful of complex math tasks
Methodical instruction for teaching specific skills
Order and sequencing in instruction of concepts
Initiate and review prior knowledge and skills
Go beyond the text book
CRITICAL ELEMENTS OF EFFECTIVE CURRICULA
Combination of timed drills and learning strategies
Seven Principles of Intensive Instruction
FOR STUDENTS WITH MILD DISABILITIES OR A MATH RELATED DISABILITY
1. Ongoing progress monitoring
2. Drill and practice
3. Instructional explicitness
4. Instructional design to minimize learning challenges
5. Cumulative review
6. Systematic motivation to promote self-regulation and encourage students to work hard
7. conceptual foundation
MAKE IT MEANINGFUL!!!!!!!!!