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Photography in a nutshell
Transcript of Photography in a nutshell
Jeanelle Saavedra (Merriam-Webster) Dictionary Definition: The art or process of producing images by the action of radiant energy - especially light on a sensitive surface (as film or an optical sensor). Definition History Uses Tips and Tricks Samples Websites to follow From scphoto.com: The word photography comes from two ancient Greek words: photo, for "light," and graph, for "drawing." "Drawing with light" is a way of describing photography. A Brief History Early Instances: The early cave paintings attest to the fact that man has always wanted to record himself, his activities and the environment around him.
Painters throughout the centuries have left remarkable pictorial histories of our journey through time. The Appearance of the Camera: The first type of camera was known as the "Camera Obscura." It appeared around the 1400s.
It consists of either a dark room or box with a tiny hole at one end. With a small enough hole, an inverted image of what the hole faces appears enlarged on the opposite wall of the camera. Spanish Royal Family in 1656 by Diego Rodríguez de Silva Velazquez (1599-1600) Detailed examples of the Camera Obscura Family Portrait
1631 by Cornelis de Vos (1584 - 1651) Around the 1800s, the "Daguerreotype" appeared. It was made by Nicephore Niepce and Louis Daguerre.
The Daguerreotype works with light-sensitive material and, to make the image permanent, it must be immersed in salt. Daguerreotype Apparatus Examples of Daguerreotype Images In 1835, William Henry Fox Talbot created the first paper negative. Nine years later, he patented the "Calotype."
The Calotype can produce multiple copies of photos from a single negative unlike the Daguerreotype. However, its quality is lower than the Daguerreotype. Calotype Camera and some negatives How negatives were printed He was also credited with publishing the first photo collection in the history of photography. In 1844, he published a collection of photographs entitled, "The Pencil of Nature." The Pencil of Nature By William Henry Fox Talbot In 1851, Frederick Scott Archer made the Collodion. Unlike the first two versions of the camera, this one has reduced exposure time by 3 seconds.
They were processed while the photographic plate was still wet, meaning, most of these were developed on location. In 1861, James Clerk-Maxwell creates the first color photography system, using black and white photographs with red, green and blue filters. From 1861 to 1865, Mathew Brady and his photography staff cover the American Civil war. In 1871, Richard Maddox discovered gelatin could be used instead of glass for photographic plates. This step not only allowed for faster development but also paved the way for mass-produced film. George Eastman took the process further and introduced flexible film in 1884. In 1888, Eastman introduced the box camera, the first product in the history of cameras available to the general public. The history of cameras and photography is ongoing with new innovations appearing regularly. With the digital camera, amateur and photographer can now take multiple pictures and view them almost instantly. Even underwater cameras are now affordable options for the general public. Innovation and necessity have driven the history of photography and cameras. With the vast knowledge of photographic techniques available today, further innovations can be expected in the future. James Clerk-Maxwell First Colored Photograph Collodion Camera and box Developing set Civil War Photo Mathew Brady Dr. Richard Maddox The Original Kodak Camera George Eastman And we all know how fun that is. Uses and Importance Types of Photography What is Photography? Architecture Artistic Black & White Camera Phone Event Macro Nature Panoramic From Suzanne Williams: Photographs are amazing. Through photographs, we preserve history - our child's first steps, a decaying landscape, or rare and endangered animals.
Photographs evoke the essence of places we have not been, we perhaps will not return to, and should never forget. Documentation Advertising Publicity Commentary Art Apollo 16 Mission Photography Bench Ad Neil Gaiman
Instructions "Slums Must Go!
May Day Parade,
Joe Schwartz Fallen Angel Jean Philippe Raibaud Tips & Tricks Always reset camera settings Format, not erase Update your firmware Charge your batteries Set the image size Experiment with settings Don’t skimp on a tripod File format: RAW, JPEG or both? Hand-held or tripod mounted? Impromptu camera supports Straighten up Double-check your kit Autofocus or manual focus? Which AF point(s) should you use? Buying lenses Manual lenses Focal length Use the hyperfocal distance Check the frame edges Shoot more than you need Preset exposure modes Don’t forget Program Shift Which is best – Aperture or Shutter Priority? Determine your camera’s dynamic range Try bracketing Read the histogram Expose for the highlights Spot the midtone Assess the contrast Shoot for HDR Use an ND grad filter to balance exposures Use a solid ND filter to extend exposure times Polarisers Black & white: in-camera or in-computer? Use a white balance preset White balance bracketing Using the wrong white balance Shoot a colour target Fill-in flash Get the flash off-camera High speed flash Shooting video on your DSLR Choosing video frame rates Changing lenses Principles of Design Samples and Websites to Follow