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Transcript of Thanksgiving
The very beginning
In September, a ship called Mayflower left Plymoth, England carrying 120 passengers.
Their journey lasted
They arrived near the tip of Cape Cod far north of their intended destination at the mouth of the Hudson River.
One month later
, they arrived in Massachusetts Bay,
where the Pilgrims began the work of establishing a village at Plymouth.
The First Thanksgiving ever
It was a 3 day feast of eating, hunting and other entertainments
In honor of the first successful harvest
It was not a religious celebration
Wampanoag indians took part in the festival too
First National Thanksgiving Holiday
After that other presidents also wanted to make Thanksgiving to a National holiday but they didn't succeeded.
Sarah Josepha Hale
Writer, magazine editor
Abraham Lincoln Announced
as a National Celebration
...In the middle of the Civil War...
Thank You for listening!
How do Americans celebrate today?
It was organized by William Bradford (1590-1657) the governor of Plymouth Colony
Their menu was a bit different then today's
The next Thanksgiving:
It was after a long drought that thretened the harvest
so Governor Bredford ordered a fast
Now, this one had a religious aim
After that it became common practice in other settlement too, but there wasn't a special day for thanksgiving or feast!
NO, it was just occasionally.
But it was not on purpose to create a thanksgiving day
Americans let express our thanks because of the success of the country's war of independence on Thursday November 26th.
The government of the United States
During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress designated one or more days of thanksgiving a year.
Mary Had a Little Lamb
nursery book in 1827
It was inspired by a Diary of Pilgrim life. This book had started the campaign.
She started a 36 year campaign to establish a National Thanksgiving Holiday.
In order to this she published numerous editorials and sent scores of letters to governors, senators, presidents and other politicians.
...he entreating all Americans to ask God to
commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife”
“heal the wounds of the nation.
He put the holiday on the last Thursday of November
Began in 1981
By George H. W. Bush
It takes place in the White House before the Thanksgiving
Ceremony is about putting a turkey to a farm and don't kill, as they kill the others
A hard time had started...
The first winter was brutal
suffering from many disease
Only half of the Mayflower’s original passengers and crew lived to see their first New England spring
The help arrived...
...in the person of
, a member of the Pawtuxet tribe, a native american
He thought them:
illnesses and cure
how to cultivate corn and trees
how to catch fishes
avoid poisonous plants
how to settles forge with
What is it about?
Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday celebrated primarily in the United States and Canada as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year.
They remind of the early settlers who built up the USA, the pilgrims.
Length: 90-110ft (27-33 m)
Width: 25 ft (7 m)
Weight: 180 gross tons (163 t)
3 decks: pilgrims live in lower deck during the voyage, rarely going up (the length was only 1,6 m)
it was built to transport goods and supplies
passengers: 51 men, 21 boys, 20 women, 10 girls
oldest man: 64 years old, youngest: born during the voyage
the journey was 2750 mile and took 66 days
in the first winter the ship was the pilgrims' home
The first real american city built by pilgrims
The colony grew from less than 100 to over 3000 in the next 70 years
The town has served as the location of the First Thanksgiving feast.
One of the city's most famous attractions is Plymouth Rock: the supposed landing site of the Pilgrims
Plymouth Plantation is a living history museum. It is a re-creation of the Plymouth settlement in 1627, as well as a replica of a 17th-century Wampanoag homesite.
They did not eat...
The first meeting
The following morning, they were met by native people who started to shoot at them with arrows. The pilgrims shot back, then chased the native people into the woods but did not find them. There was no more contact with native people for several months.
When pilgrims landed, they saw some natives far away, but the natives went away. They found mounds on the ground, one containing acorns, and more graves, which they decided not to dig.
Interesting facts about Thanksgiving
Only the half of the passengers of Mayflower were pilgrim, the other were "strangers" who wanted to live in a New Wold.
Thanksgiving is also celebrated in Canada, on the second Monday in October.
There are four lands in U.S. named Turkey: in North Carolina and Turkey Creek in Arizona
Female turkeys do not gobble. Only male turkeys gobble.
The pilgrims did not use forks: they eat with their hands, spoon and knifes
Busiest travel day
Watch TV, for example the New York City Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade!
Playing boardgames and cards with the family!
Wishbone: make a wish and pull!
Play or watch football!
The following day after Thanksgiving
The beginning of the Christmas shopping season
Plymouth settlers were not originally known as Pilgrims, but as "Old Comers."
Shops open very early and offer promotion sales
It is "unofficial" holiday
The busiest shopping day of the year
35 members of the group was from the separatist church, they lived in Netherlands and they wanted to find a new free world.
Their leaders were
The day's name was originally used to describe the heavy vehicle traffic on the day after Thanksgiving
Using black Friday started around 1975
The foundation of the new government :
A group of 41 men signed the so-called
, in which they agreed to join together in a “civil body politic.”
Bradford wrote about themselves as
...and then at the in 1820 bicentennial celebration of the colony's founding, Daniel Webster referred to "