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CCOT : Sub-saharan Africa

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Justin V

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of CCOT : Sub-saharan Africa

Continuity:
Islam continued to play a strong influence on the culture of Sub-Saharan Africa. As the trans-Saharan trade increased with technological developments, the Islamic North African states continued to influence the sub-Saharan societies. In the East African city-states, Swahili, a language that blends Arabic and the native Bantu tongues, developed. Because Islam continued to play a role in Sub-Saharan Africa, a Vladimir's quilt was created that interwove multiple cultures to create a rich and diverse culture unique to its area.
Change:
Christianity became more widespread in order to facilitate trade with European traders from 1450 to present. The European merchants were more comfortable trading with fellow Christians, even if they practiced a syncretic version of the religion; for example, King Afonso

who converted to and promoted Christianity for the sake of trade. In South America, a major goal of the Spanish empire was to convert the indigenous people to Christianity. Because trading became more efficient between societies of similar religion, a new culture was developed.
After the increase of European slave trade in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1450-present, polygamy became normalized due to the disproportional gender ratios. As Europeans shipped more and more African men to overseas colonies for cheap labor, the women left behind quickly outnumbered the men, leading to the practice of taking multiple wives. On the contrary, in the colonies there was a sudden influx of men, causing the rise of interracial relations. Because of slavery, polygamy became a regular practice in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Sub-Saharan African went through many cultural reforms from 1450 to the present, such as an increase in Christianity to benefit trade, and the normalization of polygamy due to distorted gender ratios as a result of the slave trade. However, many cultural beliefs stayed the same such as the strong influence of Islam, and liberal roles of women.
Thesis:
Analyze continuities and changes in cultural beliefs and practices in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.
PROMPT:
CCOT :
Sub-Saharan Africa/Latin America

Sub-Saharan Africa
Latin America/Caribbean
Continuity:
Women continued to play a more egalitarian role in the Sub-Saharan African society. They even played political roles, like that of Queen Nzinga of Ndongo, who led a spirited resistance against the Portuguese in the mid 17th century. Unlike their European counterparts, who were seen as 'inferior' and needed to be protected by men, African women were able to become midwives, healers, and tended to the fields and finances. Because women played strong roles in Sub-Saharan Africa, women had a more prominent position in society.
Eshaan Patel
Justin Varias
Anna Ta
Rebekah Rodriguez
Chris Lim

Change:
Conclusion:
Between 1450 to the present,

Sub-Saharan African several catalysts led to a changed society, such as an increase in Christianity to benefit trade, and the increased practice of polygamy due to distorted gender ratios. However, many cultural beliefs stayed the same such as the strong influence of Islam, and liberal roles of women.
Analyze continuities and changes in cultural beliefs and practices in ONE of the following regions from 1450 to the present.

Sub-Saharan Africa
Latin America/Caribbean
Change:
The Europeans drastically impacted
Natives' lifestyle. When the Spanish arrived in Latin America, natives were forced to mine silver. In the Caribbean, Columbus, after his arrival, would take natives and force them into labor. The use of Latin Natives to mine silver increased the use of silver as currency around the world. Because of military advantages and infectious diseases. Europeans were able to take over the New World and alter Natives' lives.
Continuity:

Although there was some changes,
their clothing style stayed the same. The way people 'dress' stayed the same. They still wore minimal clothing and incorporated native face painting to show culture. Because the arrival of Europeans did not change the Native dressing style, their culture was able to stay diverse and unique.
Featuring Taz, Sohaib, Jenaro, and Caleb
Full transcript