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Transcript of India
Beckoning someone: it is an insult to beckon someone to you with your palm upward as we do in America.
Never touch the head of anyone in India: It is the “seat of the soul”
Never whistle or wink: both are rude and the wink is also seen as an invitation for sex.
Watch your feet: to point to someone with your feet or show the bottoms of your foot is offensive
Watch your left hand: do not hand or accept items to anyone with your left hand. Never eat with your left hand. Albany India Study Abroad and
Take a Trip to: Group 8: Michelle Loza
Quintel Gates Government Communication Style & Social Practices Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions PDI: India > U.S.
Appreciation for hierarchy & top-down power structure
Control = psychological security
Employees are given orders and are expected to accomplish it
Communication is also top-down and directive in style, feedback as well
IDV: India < U.S.
High preference for belonging to larger society
Actions of individuals can reflect on the opinion of families, neighbors, group, etc.
Hiring and promotion decisions usually made based on relationships
MAS: India < U.S.
still considered masculine society
Feminine society in regards to the way of life, very spiritual & so one of their most important lessons is that of humility.
UAI: India < U.S.
Acceptance of imperfection; nothing has to be perfect of exactly as planned
Tolerance for the unexpected is high
LTO: India > U.S.
Concept of “karma” dominates religious and philosophical culture
Great tolerance for religions, Hinduism often considered more philosophy then religion
Forgive lack of punctuality
Adapt to change
Enjoy discovering the path as opposed to following an exact plan Short Overview Location- South Asia
Area Comparative- slightly more than one-third the size of the US
Population- 1.22 billion
Climate- 4 major seasons
Winter- The months of January and February
Summer- The months of March to May
Monsoon season- The months of June to September
Post-monsoon- The months of October to December "Nothing is impossible as long as you 'adjust'" Geography Cultural Differences What are the biggest cultural differences you’ve notice between living in India and living in America?
Manpreet: "I think that from my visits to India & the way that my parents were raised and their own perspectives on certain things, the biggest difference between us is the gender gap between males as opposed to females. There is also how conservative things are in India. how females are really sheltered from everyday things that males get the luxury of having like education, going out. There is a lot of poverty in India but living is a lot more family oriented compared to here. "
Shelly: "It’s a much more laid back environment and it’s more about the quality of life rather than just making money and always working. " India is a peninsula
India can be divided into 5 physiographic regions
The northern mountains
Indo Gangetic Plains
The Peninsular Plateau
The Coastal Plains Language Cultural Differences: Non-Verbal Communication Greetings:
Pressing your palms together = handshake
sign of respect to put hands together, & bow especially to elders
Touching someone's feet is a sign of respect usually accorded solely to elders
Staring: staring is not considered rude at all
The head tilt
Lifting your pinky finger means that you have to go to the bathroom
Sliding one hand over your wrist is used to question a man's manhood and to provokes him to a fight
Tugging on your ears is used to apologize or to admit a wrong
Touching the offended person with your right hand and then moving your hand to your chest and to your eyes is a gesture of apology Cultural Differences: Verbal Communication Hierarchical culture, so greet the eldest or most senior person first.
When leaving a group, each person must be bid farewell individually.
Can't say "no"
Don't like negative answers
Rather than disappoint you will offer you the response that they think you want to hear.
Not dishonesty, it would be considered rude to not attempt to give a person what they asked. Things to be mindful of: Federal Republic:
President of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government
Executive power is excersied by the President and is independent of the legislature
Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India
Like any other democracy, political parties represent different sections among the Indian society and regions, and their core values play a major role in the politics of India. "Truth Alone Triumphs" Official language- Hindi/English
countless number of languages spoken
vary from region
Citizens sometime have difficulties communicating to one another Values Culture Cultural Occasions Why Study Abroad in India? Major Industries Social Structure Social Structure: Religion Textiles
Software Social pyramid Caste System consisting of 5 classes
A caste system organizes division of labor and power in human society
A high division of the nation’s wealth
Access to wealth and power varies heavily
Urban-rural differences are immense
Over 70 percent of India’s population lives in villages India is known for its extraordinary sights
Social and economic inequalities
Cultural and religious pluralism Historical Events "Where there is love, there is life."
"The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness
is an attribute of the strong."
"An eye for an eye only ends up making
whole world blind." What are some values that are important to the Indian culture?
Manpreet: Family, education & religion. Family comes first & in India, families and relatives usually all live with each other or really close to each other. To my family here education’s really important as well but it’s different in In India; they don’t stress it for girls like they do for boys. Religion is important and it is common to go to temple every Sunday.
All social customs and norms are predetermined based on religion and social status.
A majority of the people in India prefer to live in a joint family
Decision made by eldest earning male, as well as eldest retired male
Important part of the daily life of Indian people. Many Indians are associated to various religious sects and attend weekly gatherings to listen to the sermons. Apart from temples, mosques and gurdwaras, many have pictures of gods and goddesses in their homes. What You will Get Out of the Experience: India's Economic Development
Indian Heritage Options Academic Year
Fall or Spring Semester
During Summer or Winter Break Are You Interested in an other fields of Study? Business Law
Medicine and Nutrition
Media and Film
Journalism and Communications Housing Depends on how long you prefer to stay: Hotel
Stay with a host family If you are a hands-on kind of person and/or enjoy helping the less fortunate Gain international exposure of poverty in India
Play recreational activities with children
cook and serve food for children
teach the children English and math Former Study Abroad Student Day of Holi: Spring season celebration of color
Diwali: Festival of light
symbol of the victory of good over evil, brightness over darkness, and truth over falsity. Certain areas are highly westernized, which has impacted the culture:
Changing image of women:
Ideal women of the past: Mumtaz Mahal, The devoted wife and mother who died giving birth to her thirteenth child at the age of 34
Women are now have access to education and careers, as well as equal partnership in marriage
Significance of cows:
still regarded as holy, however now in many westernized cities it is more common to find References: http://albany.edu/studyabroad
http://www.gnu.org/education/edu-system-india.html The Education System There are four levels of education
Common curriculum because they are collectivists
Limited specialization Sights Worth Seeing 1. The Taj Mahal 2. Arga Fort 5 3. Lotus Temple 4. Red Fort 5. Qutub Minar The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage" In the capital city of Delhi. It is also known as the Taj Mahal of Modern India due to its architectural excellence. The temple is a symbol of the Baha’i faith, which believes in oneness of all religions and mankind. This faith gives emphasis on prayer and meditation. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled city. It is a brick fort, built to protect Hindu Sikarwar Rajputs from Ghaznavide force who eventually captured it. A 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in the walled city of Old Delhi, India that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. He moved his capital here from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign. The Qutub Minar (located in Mehrauli in South Delhi) is the highest brick tower in the world with a height of 72.5 meter with 379 steps from the bottom leading to the top.