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Kush & Nubia
Transcript of Kush & Nubia
Alex Isler Kush & Nubia Religion Kush Government Society Kush: Egypt
Nubia: Southern Egypt and North Central Sudan Modern Countries Egypt:
-Egyptian revolt set-off a series of revolutions in Syria, Libya and Tunisia
-Important ally to USA
-Religion is mainly Muslim due to Islamic conquests (Arabs)
-Coptic Church exists due to Mediterranean trade
- genocide in Darfur (region in Sudan)
-Religion is 65% Muslim because of conquests coming from Arabia
-Fair amount of tribal beliefs practicing animal sacrifices and religious piercings
-9.3% are Christians due to early Byzantine trade and conversion and 19th century British influences Significance and Religion -Kush conquered Egypt and converted to polytheistic faith
(during the 25th dynasty in Egypt or 1080-650 BCE)
-Trade with Byzantine Empire spreads Christianity and begins Coptic Church
- Converted in 541 CE
conversions starts by Roman emperor, Justinian, sending missionaries
Nubia defeated Arab invaders twice
Arabic made a treaty with Nubia not to invade in 652
- Around the 1400s the Islamic dynasties in Egypt, Ayyubids and Mamlukes, had settlers move to Nubia and Christian Nubia fell
Nubia Bishops Warriors Laborers Royal Family trade with Mediterranean
belligerent (mainly towards Rome)
agrarian based but liked herding better
Greek and Roman influence
spoke Greek, Arabic and local languages
Frescoes in cathedrals that resembled Greek artistic styles 1882 1923 1970 1981 2011-12 Start of British Empire Egyptian Constitution War with Israel; Nasir dies and Sadat becomes president and tries to bring peace Sadat is assassinated
Mubarak takes power Mubarak is overthrow
New government ensues; In 2011 South Sudan becomes a new nation Before Christianity After Christianity Kush Nubia temples
pagan symbols in pottery churches
no more pagan symbols Nubia 1922 Egypt declares independence from Britain 'chiefdom' states
bishops advised king
fun fact: took aspects of government from Greek and Roman culture
Example: Around the 800s a king of the state Makuria was called the "New Constantine Works Cited Monarchs were selected from a single royal family
The nobility was selected by the priests
Primarily an all powerful monarch http://www.glamfaith.org/uk/faith-groups/5/symbols/ http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/AncientEgyptNearEastUnit/UnderstandingtheKush.html Ancient Kush Modern Egypt http://ghaly.union.edu/Egypt/index.htm Postclassical Nubia http://wysinger.homestead.com/nubians10.html Modern Sudan and Religions http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2011/01/21/what-happened-to-sudan-will-happen-to-sri-lanka-unless-the-mono-ethnic-nature-of-the-north-is-changed/ PURPLE: EGYPTIAN HISTORY
ORANGE: SUDAN HISTORY 1956 Suez war; war against Israel; Independence from Egypt/UK 1960-70 Construction of Aswan High Dam 1952-53 'Free Officers' led by Nasir overthrow King Faruk and Egypt claims to be a repubilc and Nasir becomes President 1979 Israel and Egypt sign a Peace Treaty Coptic Cross Islamic Symbol http://www.orthodoxchristianity.net/forum/index.php?topic=10675.0 Nubian Bishop http://earlyafricanchristianity.com/blog/post.php?s=2012-03-05-the-deep-roots-of-nubian-christianity Nubian Fresco http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsAfrica/AfricaSudan.htm 1955 First Civil War starts 1972 End of First Civil War 1983 Start of Second Civil War 2005 End of Second Civil War http://thyblackman.com/2012/04/16/yes-sudan-should-come-before-syria/ Sudan Civil War Aswan High Dam http://sitemaker.umich.edu/sec004_gp5/the_aswan_high_dam_benefits Egyptian Revolt http://www.indianmuslimobserver.com/2011/04/prominent-during-revolution-egyptian.html http://gratefultothedead.wordpress.com/2010/11/17/the-crusades-step-by-step-through-a-spectacular-mess/ "African Kingdoms: East Africa." The History Files. Kessler Associates, n.d.
Burstein, Stanley M. "When Greek was an African language: the role of
Metz, Helen. "Kush, Meroe, and Nubia." Sudan: A Country Study. N.p., 1991.
Stearns, Peter, Michael Adas, Stuart Swhwartz, and Marc Gilbert. World
"Sudan." CIA - The World Factbook. N.p., 21 09 2012. Web. 8 Oct 2012.
Web. 8 Oct 2012. Greek culture in ancient and medieval Nubia *." Journal of World History 19.1 (2008): 41+. Student Resources in Context. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. Web. 6 Oct 2012. Civilizations The Global Experience. 5th ed. . Pearson Education Inc., 2007. 172-176. Print.