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Will Flanagan

on 24 March 2013

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Transcript of Islam

Islam The Beginnings Islam is the third religion that originated in southwest Asia, with Christianity and Judaism. This monotheistic religion is based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad that are dated back to around 1380.
There are several events that could be considered the beginning of islam, including the life of Muhammad, or the Hijra. The beginning of this sacred event lies on the Night of Power, when Muhammad received the call to be God’s messenger.
In the worldview of Islam, the origins of the faith lie in God’s initial creation of the universe and everything in it, including Adam and Eve, called the First Parents.
Background The followers of the islamic religion are known as muslims.
Islam has close ties to the prophets and teachers of judaism and Christianity. How it Spread In the beginnings of the Islamic religion, people began to convert, and it spread rapidly across most of southwest Asia, went south into Africa and east into south and southeast Asia, and also spread west to as far as the Balkans in Europe.
The spread and teachings of Islam united the people of the Arabian peninsula in a way that had never been accomplished before. Beliefs More Beliefs Muslims worship God who is called Allah in the native Arabic.
Islam has certain religious duties and requirements which are called the 5 pillars of Islam. These pillars are faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage.
The islamic holy book is called the Qur'an and it contains all of muhammad’s teachings.

The Duties of the Five Pillars The confession of faith: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger (apostle) of Allah".
Prayer: The prescribed ritual prayers five times daily, at prescribed times, with the prescribed posture, have to be observed. During these five prayers a fixed prayer-text must be recited seventeen times altogether.
The giving of alms: religious duty and should amount to not less than 2.5% of the income above ones needs.
Keeping the Fast: during the month of Ramadaan (Sawm) is a duty for all, with exceptions. The fast is to last from the rising of the sun until sunset.
Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) is required once in a lifetime during the month of Zu'l-Hijjah,
In the beginning of the universe, they lived in perfect peace until they were tempted by Iblis and disobeyed God, which got them banished from Paradise.
God reassured them that it was temporary and that he would send messengers to them and their progeny, and these messengers would bring God’s guidance.
Whoever followed this guidance will have no reason to fear or grieve.
Miscellaneous Facts The three major holy cities of Islam are, from most to least, Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem.
In Jerusalem, there is an Islamic shrine called the Dome of the Rock that marks a spot where Muhammad rose into heaven, and a mosque is located nearby on the Temple Mount next to the western wall of the city, which has been the site of many clashes between the Jews and the Muslims.
When Islam was spreading rapidly, a large area of the world was controlled by muslim empires, and Islam split into two major divisions, known as Sunni and Shi’ite.
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