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Chapt 10 Expanding West

Westward expansion, Manifest Destiny, Migration Trails, Texas Revolution, Mexican-American War, California Gold Rush, 8th Grade Holt Chapt 10
by

J Swanson

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Chapt 10 Expanding West

Westward Expansion
America in the 1820s-1850s
Chapt 10
WHY
did they go?
1.) Mountain men wanted furs/trade
On the
LEFT!
On the right!
2.) Settlers wanted:
Rich resources
Cheap, good farm land
Good climate
Their stories lure ...
2.) Mormons wanted:
All of the above
PLUS
Religious Freedom
did TEXAS break
from Mexico?
WHY
Mexico gave Americans "free" land ...
become Mexican citizens
follow Mexico's laws
In return,
Americans had to ...
AND
BUT
(Including giving up SLAVERY)
Most came from The SOUTH
SLAVERY
Texans felt Mexico's laws & government were unfair
They began ignoring laws
(especially anti-slavery laws)
Claimed they had no reps in gov't
(like American Rev.)
When Mexico tried to clamp down, Texans rebeled

General
SANTA ANNA
The ALAMO
March 1836
200 Texas Volunteers
vs.
4,000 Mexican soldiers
(Every Texan dies)
BUT
The battle encourages more volunteers to join Texas
AND
Allows main Texas army to escape and regroup
Inspires Texans to hate
Santa Anna and fight against him
GOLIAD
350 Texans prisoners executed by Santa Anna
He promised he wouldn't hurt them if they surrendered to him -- but he LIED!
and AMERICANS
SAN JACINTO
Texans (Sam Houston) capture Santa Anna
20 minute battle
Santa Anna was sleeping
Santa Anna is forced to grant Texas Independence
But Mexican Congress doesn't agree)
HOW
did TEXAS break
from Mexico?
Texas War for Independence
They ask U.S. to
ANNEX
U.S. says "No Thanks"
Would mess up slave-free balance
Would anger Mexico/provoke war
Texas stays an independent country for 10 years
(Make a part of the U.S.)
He wanted to scare the Texans into giving up the rebellion by showing that he would have no mercy on a town that fought against him
WHY
did the U.S. and Mexico go to war?
Texas
is annexed in 1845
Country cared more about expanding than problems of angering Mexico and the balance between slave and free states
The and don't agree where
President Polk sends troops into disputed territory
U.S.
Mexico
Texas'
border should be
Fighting breaks out between Mexico and the U.S.
Polk asks Congress to declare war
April 1846
Mexico shot first, but the U.S. provoked them into it ...
did the U.S. win?
HOW
(Very quickly)
Short answer:
The U.S. invades Mexico
Gen. Winfield Scott
Captures Mexico City
Land and Naval Forces take control of
Mexico is forced to sell Calif., NM, Nev., Utah and Arizona for
The capital of Mexico!
(Called the Mexican Cession)
$15 million
The U.S. had offered to buy California and New Mexico for $30 million in 1845 before the war -- but they refused
September 1847
Late 1846-47
Bear Flag Revolt
June 1846
A group of about 500 Americans in California declare independence from Mexico hoping to create a Texas-style revolt & republic.
They raise a flag with a bear on it in the city of Sonoma to declare they are now an independent republic like Texas was.
The "republic" ends 26 days later when the U.S. Army shows up and they all decide to let the U.S. take California from Mexico
California
Cession = "Land given up"
GOLD RUSH
The
1848
WHEN:
WHO & WHERE:
James Marshall
Sutter's Mill
(about 100 miles North of Modesto -- a 2-hour drive)
IMPORTANCE:
at
THOUSANDS rush to California in
1849
'49ers
Get it --
Calif. population BOOMS!
80,000
in 1848 = 14,000
in 1849 = 100,000
in 1850 = 250,000
California
Becomes a state in 1850
Becomes the 31st State on Sept. 9, 1850
31st State
Miners & Settlers come from all over the world
Not just the U.S.
(Very diverse groups of miners)
Manifest Destiny
The belief that the U.S. was destined to stretch across the continent
Full transcript