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Chapt 10 Expanding West
Transcript of Chapt 10 Expanding West
America in the 1820s-1850s
did they go?
1.) Mountain men wanted furs/trade
On the right!
2.) Settlers wanted:
Cheap, good farm land
Their stories lure ...
2.) Mormons wanted:
All of the above
did TEXAS break
Mexico gave Americans "free" land ...
become Mexican citizens
follow Mexico's laws
Americans had to ...
(Including giving up SLAVERY)
Most came from The SOUTH
Texans felt Mexico's laws & government were unfair
They began ignoring laws
(especially anti-slavery laws)
Claimed they had no reps in gov't
(like American Rev.)
When Mexico tried to clamp down, Texans rebeled
200 Texas Volunteers
4,000 Mexican soldiers
(Every Texan dies)
The battle encourages more volunteers to join Texas
Allows main Texas army to escape and regroup
Inspires Texans to hate
Santa Anna and fight against him
350 Texans prisoners executed by Santa Anna
He promised he wouldn't hurt them if they surrendered to him -- but he LIED!
Texans (Sam Houston) capture Santa Anna
20 minute battle
Santa Anna was sleeping
Santa Anna is forced to grant Texas Independence
But Mexican Congress doesn't agree)
did TEXAS break
Texas War for Independence
They ask U.S. to
U.S. says "No Thanks"
Would mess up slave-free balance
Would anger Mexico/provoke war
Texas stays an independent country for 10 years
(Make a part of the U.S.)
He wanted to scare the Texans into giving up the rebellion by showing that he would have no mercy on a town that fought against him
did the U.S. and Mexico go to war?
is annexed in 1845
Country cared more about expanding than problems of angering Mexico and the balance between slave and free states
The and don't agree where
President Polk sends troops into disputed territory
border should be
Fighting breaks out between Mexico and the U.S.
Polk asks Congress to declare war
Mexico shot first, but the U.S. provoked them into it ...
did the U.S. win?
The U.S. invades Mexico
Gen. Winfield Scott
Captures Mexico City
Land and Naval Forces take control of
Mexico is forced to sell Calif., NM, Nev., Utah and Arizona for
The capital of Mexico!
(Called the Mexican Cession)
The U.S. had offered to buy California and New Mexico for $30 million in 1845 before the war -- but they refused
Bear Flag Revolt
A group of about 500 Americans in California declare independence from Mexico hoping to create a Texas-style revolt & republic.
They raise a flag with a bear on it in the city of Sonoma to declare they are now an independent republic like Texas was.
The "republic" ends 26 days later when the U.S. Army shows up and they all decide to let the U.S. take California from Mexico
Cession = "Land given up"
WHO & WHERE:
(about 100 miles North of Modesto -- a 2-hour drive)
THOUSANDS rush to California in
Get it --
Calif. population BOOMS!
in 1848 = 14,000
in 1849 = 100,000
in 1850 = 250,000
Becomes a state in 1850
Becomes the 31st State on Sept. 9, 1850
Miners & Settlers come from all over the world
Not just the U.S.
(Very diverse groups of miners)
The belief that the U.S. was destined to stretch across the continent