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Leadership Styles - Peer Tutoring
Transcript of Leadership Styles - Peer Tutoring
style do you possess ? Leadership
Styles Autocratic "Authoritarian" Controlling
Enforces or relies on discipline
Iron consistency (rules never change)
Limits discussion of ideas and new ways of doing things
Quick decision makers
Rarely trusts group members with decisions or important tasks When Effective When Ineffective Short amount of time to brainstorm ideas with a large group of people
A state of emergency or urgency
Group lacks skills and experience
No established vision or teamwork Example: Flight attendants instructing people in case of emergency evacuation in an airplane.
They take role as leader to dismiss passengers safely off the plane. Group members have some skills and experience
Goal is to develop teamwork and cooperation
New ideas are needed and leader lacks creativity & knowledge. Example: A player on a soccer team calls himself/herself the leader.
The team and the "leader" have the same skills but played soccer for 2
more years than the other team members. Democratic An Demographic leader decides
on a solution that incorporates all group member's ideas and opinions. When Effective There is ample time to get a lot of input
Goals are personal growth, satisfaction, sharing information, team-building, instructing and teaching, etc.
Another goal is increasing morale.
Team has some experience, knowledge and skills Example: Prom committees have a democratic leader that allows the group to give their input on the theme and venue of their school's prom. They take vote after all the ideas are said, allowing every group member to have an equal chance of helping the leader make the final decision. Characteristics Relies less on authority and more upon his or her personal resources
Uses skills for dealing with people
Approachable and open-minded
Entire group shares in decisions that are made and actions that are taken
All group members are involved in planning and carrying out activities
Goal-orientated Group lacks motivation, knowledge, skills, and experience needed for task
Leader lacks communication and interpersonal skills
Group is unmotivated and high degree in conflict is already present Example: Group presentations where one hard working person is assigned to be with group members who put half the effort into projects. The working person is quiet and doesn't like to tell people to focus. The group members tell the leader their ideas, but the leader has a better idea that will give their group a higher mark. When Ineffective Laissez-Faire A Laissez-Faire leader rarely instructs the members of the group,
making this type of leadership have the most freedom for group members. When Effective Participants are self-motivated, educated and skilled; had similar experiences before.
Plenty of time to make decisions and is familiar to all participants
A sense of team already exists. When Ineffective Group lacks knowledge, skills, motivation and experience needed for task
Group expects to be told what to do
Time is urgent
There is a low sense of team Characteristics Leader gives little or no direction to group or individuals
Leader's opinion is only offered when requested
Leader is a source of information rather than an active director, accepts the power, knowledge and decisions of the group.
Laid back, independent, resourceful, helpful, inspiring, etc. Example: Art classes allow people to expand their creativity and show it on paper or in a sculpture. The teacher simply tells them the topic of what they're supposed to create, and it is up to them to draw, paint, etc. what they think of when they hear the topic. The teacher accepts all ideas. Example: Parents who have this type of leadership allows their child to have no discipline in school and may become out of control. Parents have to teach their kids when they're young in order to carry on those morals with them when they grow older. Manager vs. Leader What's the difference? Leadership and Management must go hand in hand. A manager has "subordinates" who are ranked under the manager and follow the manager's orders. These subordinates follow these orders to get a reward and not a punishment (termination of the job). A leader has follows who chooses to listen to the leader because they belief in the same cause. There's no reward given, but followers agree with the leader's opinions. There is no punishment for disagreeing with the leader. Instead they stop following the leader. Other differences between a leader and a manager: Manager is a copy; Leader is an original
Managers maintains; Leaders develops
Manager relies on control; Leader inspires trust
Manager has a short-range view; Leader has a long-range perspective
Managers asks how and when; Leaders asks what and why.
Managers administers; Leaders innovates
Managers initiates; Leaders originates
Managers accept the status quo; Leaders challenge it
Managers have their eyes on the bottom line; Leaders have their eyes on the horizon
Managers are the classic good soldier; Leaders are their own person
Manager does things right; Leader does the right thing Can you think of any differences between a manager and a leader? What makes
a Good leader? Do you know your
Styles of Leadership? 1. This type of leader like to make decisions without consulting with the rest of the group. They are controlling and the leader involves one person. Autocratic
C) 2. This type of leader likes to have the least amount of control as possible within the group, but will speak and decide when needed. Autocratic
C) 3. This type of leader considers all opinions of the group before making the final decision that will benefit the rest. Autocratic
C) 4. This type of leader has the characteristics of making fast decisions, seeing only one side of the argument, and very dictating. Autocratic
C) 5. This type of leader is laid back, positive, doesn't seem to be in charge, accepts the power but doesn't abuse it and gives little to no instructions. Autocratic
C) 6. This type of leader is effective when the team is self-motivated, had similar experiences before, and are skilled and educated. Autocratic
C) 7. This leadership would be ineffective when loyalty and trust isn't present, and when new ideas are needed from the leader. Autocratic
C) 8. This leadership would take a longer time to decide on a final solution and is therefore not effective in case of an emergency. Autocratic
C) 9. This leadership would be best for having the group members focus on a task given and also emphasizes organization and importance of rules. Autocratic
C) Which leader do you see yourself as?
Which of the three leaderships in this
presentation do you see most effective?
What characteristics do you think
are important in a leader and why? Please consider and answer the following questions. Nicole Abejuro
March 22nd, 2013