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# AP Theory IV: 2/14 -

Meter, Triads, Seventh Chords, Diatonic Major, Diatonic Minor, Intervals
by

## Brian Coffill

on 8 March 2013

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#### Transcript of AP Theory IV: 2/14 -

AP Music Theory Dave Brubeck (1920-2012)
Take Five February 22, 2013 Warm-Up:
All forms of F#

Class:
- Non-Duple Music

Homework:
E.H. Workbook
pp. 13, ex 2.12 Duple Meter If the numerator is divisible by 2. If the numerator is divisible by 3. Triple Meter Quadruple = 4/4 instead of 2/4 1 1 2 2 1 3 2 2 3 1 3 4 1 2 4 3 2 1 Metric Division: Compound Division Simple Division Division of the Beat: Beat divisible by 2 4
4 Beat divisible by 3 6
8 Rhythm-reading warmup Triads Introduction to A chord built of three notes, which are separated by two intervals Multiple notes played at the same time We will use Tertian chords, which are triads built using the interval of a 3rd Building chords based on the interval of a third ( )
gives us four possible outcomes Two building blocks: M3 m3 M3
m3 ...always start with the Root note of the chord and build up (Root) M3 M3 (Third) (Fifth) (Root) (Third) M3 m3 (Fifth) 1. M3+M3 Augmented (+) Major (M) 2. M3+m3 3. m3+M3 minor (m) 4. m3+m3 diminished ( ) (Third) (Fifth) M3 m3 (Root) (Fifth) (Third) m3 m3 (Root) Use C as an example... Use C as an example... Use C as an example... Use C as an example... o o You will need to be able to both write and identify these by sight and sound Warm-Up:
DM, fm, G+, a

Dictation Quiz:
Intervals
Rhythms

Class:
- Seventh Chords
-Inversions

Homework:
Prepare for Quiz Next Week:
Rhythm & Meter Charles Ives (1874-1954) - Symphony No. 3 m3 (Fifth) 3. m3+M3 M3 (Fifth) (Third) (Fifth) (Root) minor (m) 1. M3+M3 M3 m3 (Root) m3 4. m3+m3 (Third) Augmented (+) (Root) m3 Triads o M3 diminished ( ) Major (M) (Root) (Third) (Fifth) (Third) 2. M3+m3 M3 M3 m3 Multiple notes played at the same time With a partner, using this notation,
Write out
"Take Me Out To The Ballgame" Dictation Quiz:
All Major-Scale intervals 1. Write out a D+ on bass clef. 2. Given the root, sing the triad 1. Write out an F#M triad. 2. Given the root, sing the triad 2. Given the root, sing the triad 1. Write out a cb m triad on bass clef. 1. Write out an e on bass clef . 2. Given the root, sing the triad o Triads + 7th over the root (Third) Major 7 (M7) (Root) 1. Write out a CM7 on bass clef and a BbM7 on treble clef. 2. Given the root, sing the chord M3 m3 1. M triad + M7 (Fifth) 7th Chords (Over the root) (Seventh) Interval of Major 7th above the root Interval of minor 7th above the root 2. Given the root, sing the chord 1. Write out a CMm7 on bass clef and a BbMm7 on treble clef. (Over the root) (Third) M3 (Root) (Seventh) Major-minor 7 (Mm7) 2. M triad + m7 (Fifth) m3 (Root) M3 (Seventh) 2. Given the root, sing the chord 3. m triad + m7 (Over the root) Interval of minor 7th above the root 1. Write out a cm7 on bass clef and a bbm7 on treble clef. (Fifth) (Third) minor 7 (m7) m3 4. dim triad + m7 (Over the root) (Root) Interval of minor 7th above the root (Seventh) m3 1. Write out a c 7 on bass clef and a bb 7 on treble clef. m3 (Third) 2. Given the root, sing the chord (Fifth) half-diminished 7 ( 7) o / o / o / m3 diminished 7 ( 7) o 2. Given the root, sing the chord (Seventh) (Fifth) (Third) Interval of diminished 7th above the root 5. dim triad + dim7 m3 (Root) 1. Write out a c 7 on bass clef and a bb 7 on treble clef. (Over the root) o o (Fifth) Root Position First Inversion (Third) (Root) (Fifth) (Fifth) (Fifth) Multiple notes played at the same time Inverted 7th Chords (Root) (Root) Triads (Third) (Root) (Seventh) First Inversion If we take a triad and invert it like this, what happens to the intervals? Root Position (Seventh) (Third) (Third) Inversions When chords are used "in the wild," they don't always appear in clean, easy to recognize "root position" forms They often appear in... Inverted (Third) (Root) (Fifth) Definition: When the lowest voice is not the root of the chord (Third) (Root) (Fifth) 3rd 6th First Inversion is also known as 6
3 ...for example, write a DM 6 (Third) (Third) 6th ...for example, write an am (Fifth) If we take a triad and invert it like this, what happens to the intervals? 4th 6
4 (Fifth) 6
4 Second Inversion (Root) (Root) (Root) (Third) Second Inversion
is also known as (Fifth) Application: (Seventh) (Third) (Fifth) (Root) If we take a triad and invert it like this, what happens to the intervals? 3rd 6th First Inversion is also known as 6
5
3 ...for example, write an EM 6
5 (Root) (Seventh) (Third) (Fifth) 5th But we call it 6
5 6th (Third) 4
3 (Third) But we call it 6
4
3 3rd (Fifth) (Seventh) (Fifth) (Root) (Fifth) Second Inversion is also known as If we take a triad and invert it like this, what happens to the intervals? (Third) Second Inversion (Seventh) 4th ...for example, write a bm (Root) 4
3 (Seventh) (Root) (Third) 4
2 (Fifth) 2nd If we take a triad and invert it like this, what happens to the intervals? Third Inversion Third Inversion is also known as ...for example, write a DM (Seventh) (Seventh) 4th 4
2 (Root) (Root) 6
4
2 (Fifth) 6th But we call it (Third) (Third) (Seventh) (Root) (Fifth) Warm-Up:
Workbook p. 13, ex. 2.12-2.13
Describe the piece playing

Class:
- Diatonic Triads & 7th Chords (Major)
- Inversions

Homework:
E.H. Workbook -
p. 14, ex. 2.14-2.15 AP Music Theory March 1, 2013 AP Music Theory February 24, 2012 George Frederick Handel (Feb. 23, 1685 - 1759)
Water Music E Major Scale E Major Scale
with chords ...what are the chord types? E Major Scale
with chords EM f#m g#m AM BM c#m d# o EM Do the same for an Ab Major scale
on Bass Clef Ab Major Scale cm o AbM fm AbM bbm EbM g DbM Ab Major Scale
with chords EVERY major scale follows the same pattern: I ii iii IV V vi vii o These are known as "Diatonic" chords...
meaning that they occur naturally in any
major key without using accidentals Pop Quiz:
Intervals Review Triads 7th Chords Review +
M
m
o M7
Mm7
m7
7
7 o o / Have you signed up for the AP test yet? Why Not? What time signature? What time signature is the Star Spangled Banner? Hang-Up and Listen: Linsanity Edition - 50:40 http://slate.me/zgRkW9 These chords all have 3 notes... ...but some chords use 4! The third appears as the

lowest note The fifth appears as the

lowest note The third appears as the

lowest note The fifth appears as the

lowest note The fifth appears as the

lowest note Review: o What about Jingle Bells? Duple? Triple? Simple? Compound? Hot Cross Buns? 1. Write out a C major scale
2. Using the notes in that scale,
. build chords on each note.
3. Determine the type of each chord
. (M, m, +, o) Mozart Symphony no. 39 K. 543, movement 1 , Wiener Symphoniker - Karl Böhm Edwin Elgar, "Enigma Variations, Nimrod" - Daniel Barenboim conducting the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Gustav Holst, "The Planets Suite: Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity," BBC Orchestra Gustav Holst, "The Planets Suite: Uranus, the Magician," BBC Orchestra Tempo: The relative speed at which a piece is played Interpretation is at the discretion of the conductor. Using your sheet of terms, find words that relate to tempo. Dynamics: The relative volume and intensity at which a piece is played Interpretation is at the discretion of the conductor. Locate the dynamics on your sheet.
Mark them with a "D" Joseph Haydn: Serenade Locate the tempi on your sheet.
Mark them with a "T" Quiz:
Rhythm and Meter

Class:
- Tempo
- Dynamics
- Seventh Chords

Homework:
From your terms, compile lists of tempo terms (slow to fast) and dynamic terms (quiet to loud) Olivier Messaien (1908-1992)
Four Rhythmic Studies for Piano AP Music Theory February 15, 2012 Warm-Up:

Class:
- Seventh Chords

Homework:
E. H. Workbook, p. , Ex. Arcangelo Corelli (Feb. 17, 1653 - 1713)
Concerto Grosso in D Major, Op. 6, No. 4 AP Music Theory February 17, 2012 Listening: Fast or slow? (Write "T" next to them) Using your sheet of terms, find words that relate to dynamics. Listening: Quiet or Loud? (Write "D" next to them) - What Tempo and Dynamic markings describe this piece?
- Describe the style of the composition.
- What musical period did Corelli compose in? Warm-Up:

Class:
- Seventh Chords
- Application: Analysis!

Homework:
Study for quiz next week! Igor Stravinsky (1882 - 1971)
"Petrushka" Ballet, "Shrovetide Fair" AP Music Theory March 8, 2013 - Write out the following chords:
CM, F#M
- What Tempo and Dynamic markings describe this piece?
- Describe the style of the composition.
- What musical period did Stravinsky compose in? CM + F#M =
Petrushka! F3, +4 above Bb 4, M3 below C3, PO C4, m6 above A2, m2 below G#3, P5 above MOST minor keys follow the same pattern: i ii III iv V VI vii o
EM fm gm AbM BbM cm d EbM o
EM fm gm AbM BbM cm d EbM
EM: I ii iii IV V vi vii I o o Warm-Up:
1. Draw a Grand Staff
2. Label the following pitches:
C2, C3, C4, C5

Class:
- Major Scales/Key Signatures
- Minor Scales/Key Signatures
- Diatonic Major Triads & 7th Chords
-Diatonic Minor Triads & 7th Chords

Homework:
E.H. Workbook - 2.13 AP Music Theory February 27, 2012 Leo Delibes (February 21, 1836 – 1891)
"Sous le dôme épais" (The Flower Duet)
from the opera "Lakmé" French Romantic Era Opera, ballet, and
stage composer Influenced composers
Tchaikovsky, Debussy,
Saint-Saens Major Keys: Flat Scales, from 0 - 7: F, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb Flats appear on a key signature
in the following order: Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb Minor Keys: Flat Scales, from 0 - 7: d, g, c, f, bb, eb, ab How do you convert a major key signature into its Parallel Minor? How do you convert a
major key signature into its Relative Minor? Trick question! Relative M/m's share the same key signature. Subtract 3 #'s or add 3 b's Sharp Scales, from 0 - 7: G, D, A, E, B, F#, C# Sharps appear on a key signature
in the following order: F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B# Sharp Scales, from 0 - 7: e, b, f#, c#, g#, d#, a# Another way to look at it: 7b - 6b - 5b - 4b - 3b - 2b - 1b - 0 - 1# - 2# - 3# - 4# - 5# - 6# - 7# Major: Cb Gb Db Ab Eb Bb F C G D A E B F# C# minor: ab eb bb f c g d a e b f# c# g# d# a# 3 forms of minor scales: Natural me, le, te Harmonic me, le Melodic me; te le, me Diatonic Major Triads 1. Write a CM Scale 2. Write triads on each note.
3. What is the pattern of the chord types? Diatonic Major 7th Chords What is the pattern of chord types? Write a g natural minor scale Write a b harmonic minor scale Write an ab melodic minor scale Which notes can be raised or lowered? Create diatonic minor triads,
taking le/la and te/ti into consideration... "But Mr. Coffill...
There are so many scary-looking chords..." Don't worry, there is only one "typical" chord for each note. If triads are that complicated... ...what about the 7th chords?!?!? Let's put it this way... I don't always write 7th chords in minor keys... ...but when I do, I chose these seven. ...and analyze their triad types. Warm-Up:

Class:
- Inversions
- Figured Bass

Homework:
E.H. Workbook - AP Music Theory February 28, 2012 Kurt Weill, March 2, 1900 – 1950
from "Threepenny Opera" French Romantic Era Opera, ballet, and
stage composer Influenced composers
Tchaikovsky, Debussy,
Saint-Saens You may still see other "native" triads and 7th chords in minor. Beware: EVERY major key follows the same pattern: IM7 ii7 iii7 IVM7 V7 vi7 vii 7 o / MOST minor keys follow the same pattern: i7 ii 7 IIIM7 iv7 V7 VIM7 vii 7 o o o / / but we usually drop the "3" Warm-Up:
DM: I - I6 - IV - ii - I6/4 - V - I

Class:
- Inversions
- Figured Bass

Homework:
E.H. Workbook AP Music Theory March 2, 2012 Bedrich Smetana (March 2, 1824 - 1884)
Ma Vlast (My Fatherland) Czech Romantic Era Orchestral composer One of the first
Nationalist composers What's the pattern for 7th chords?
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