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To Kill A Mockingbird

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by

Emily Kintzele

on 1 August 2015

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Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird

Discovering Reality
To Kill A Mockingbird
Prejudice
Empathy
Empathy: 1960's
When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white person and was jailed, the black community boycotted all of the black buses for over a year, empathizing with Rosa Parks and showing that they understand and agree with what she did.
Hypocrisy
Discovering Reality:1930's
Prejudice:1930's
Prejudice in the 1960s
During the Great Depression many people became homeless due to the fact that they lost their jobs and couldn't afford a home. During these times jobs became harder to find, especially for the minorities such as the African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans because of discrimination.
"Jem sat vaguely articulate: ''d you see him, Scout? 'd you see him just standin' there?... 'n' all of a sudden he just relaxed all over, an' it looked like that gun was a part of him...an' he did it so quick, like...I hafta aim for ten minutes 'fore I can hit somethin'....'
Miss Maudie grinned wickedly. 'Well now, Miss Jean Louise,' she said, 'still think your father can't do anything? Still ashamed of him?'
'Nome,' I said Meekly"
Page 129
Discovering Reality: 1960's
An American spy plane, U-2, was shot down by the Soviet Union while conducting espionage. The plane was able to take high-resolution pictures of the Russion newspaper headlines, while being 70,000 feet above the ground.
"That Calpurnia led a modest double life never dawned on me. The idea that she had a separate existence outside our household was a novel one, to say nothing of her having command of two languages."
Page 167
Discovering Reality: Today
By: Emily Kintzele
In 1932, approximately half of the African Americans in the U.S. were out of work because of the Great Depression; any jobs that were available, were given to the unemployed white people. This prejudice against the blacks caused racial violence.
"A jury never looks at a defendant it has convicted, and when this jury came in, not one of them looked at Tom Robinson. The foreman handed a piece of paper to Mr. Tate who handed it to the clerk who handed it to the judge....
I shut my eyes. Judge Taylor was polling the jury: 'Guilty...guilty...guilty...guilty...' I peeked at Jem: his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulders jerked as if each 'guilty' was a separate stab between them."
Page 282
During the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) were prejudice towards the African Americans and didn't like how they were getting rights, so they killed three civil rights leaders in Mississippi and bombed a church,killing four black girls, just because of their race.
"But Mrs. Dubose held us: 'Not only a Finch waiting on tables but one in the courthouse lawing for niggers!'
Jem stiffened. Mrs. Dubose's shot had gone home and she knew it:
'Yes indeed, what has this world come to when a Finch goes against his raising? I'll tell you!' She put her hand to her mouth. When she drew it away, it trailed a long silver thread of saliva. 'Your father's no better than the niggers and trash he works for!'"
Page 135
Prejudice: Today
Previous to June 26, 2015, same-sex marriage was illegal in the majoirty of the United states, but on that day the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right for same-sex marriage in all 50 U.S. states. However, there is still prejudice against homosexuals and gays.
"'I wants to know why you bringin' white chillun to nigger church.'
'They's my comp'ny,' said Calpurnia."
"You ain't got no business bringin white chillun here - they got their church, we got our'n. It is our church, ain't it, Miss Cal?'"
Page 158
Empathy: 1930's
Eleanor Roosevelt received thousands of letters from children and young adults who wrote to her about their lives. The writers knew she would empathize with them and listen to them and they talked to her as a confidant and shared the painful details of their lives with her.
"'If you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you'll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view.'"
Page 39
"'This is not enough, we must have ten dollars.'
The congregation stirred. 'You all know what it's for-Helen can't leave those childrun to work while Tom's in jail. If everybody gives one more dime, we'll have it-'"
"Calpurnia scratched in her handbag and brought forth a battered leather coin purse. 'Naw Cal,' Jem whispered, when she handed him a shiny quarter, 'we can put ours in. Gimme your dime, Scout.'"
Page 163
Empathy: Today
Recently empathy has been showed towards homosexuals because of the new ruling that same-sex marriage is legal in all 50 states. People have been imagining what it must be like to love someone but not be able to marry them.
"Someone was punching me, but I was reluctant to take my eyes from the people below us, and from the image of Atticus's lonely walk down the aisle.
'Miss Jean Louise?'
I looked around. They were standing. All around us and in the balcony on the opposite wall, the Negroes were getting to their feet."
Page 283
Hypocrisy: 1930's
Hypocrisy: 1960's
Hypocrisy: Today
President John F. Kennedy was a very Catholic person who went to church and always told everyone to be a good person, but he was hypocritical when he was unfaithful to his wife.
"'Grandma, she's got me in here and she won't let me out!'
'What is all this, Jean Louise?'
I looked up at Aunt Alexandra. 'I haven't got him in there, Aunty, I ain't holdin' him.'
'Yes she is,' shouted Francis, 'she won't let me out!'
Page 111
Adventure and Exploration
Adventure and Exploration: 1930's
In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11 spaceflight landed the first humans on the moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. Neil Armstrong was the first man to step on the moon on July 21.
Adventure and Exploration: 1960's
"Dill and Jem were simply going to peep in the window with the loose shutter to see if they could get a look at Boo Radley."
Page 69
"Then I saw the shadow. It was the shadow of a man with a hat on. At first I thought it was a tree, but there was no wind blowing, and tree-trunks never walked. The back porch was bathed in moonlight, and the shadow, crisp as toast, moved across the porch towards Jem."
Page 71
Adventure and Exploration: Today
The New Horizons probe survived a flyby of Pluto on July 14, 2015. The success of the mission means that humans have reached every planet in our solar system.
"'I'm goin' downtown for while.' [Jem] was changing his pants.
'Why? It's almost ten o'clock, Jem..'
He knew it but he was going anyway.
'Then I'm goin' with you. If you say no you're not, I'm goin' anyway, hear?'"
Page 199
Parental Influence
Parental Influence: 1930's
Parental Influence: 1960's
In the 1960's, Edward Deci, a psychology graduate student, showed that parents were influencing their children by giving them rewards for completing tasks. The children would only be doing the task for the reward given, once there is no incentive to complete the activity, the children wouldn't do it.
"'Is he all right?' Aunty asked, indicating Jem.
'He'll be so presently,' said Atticus. 'It was a little too strong for him.' Our father sighed. 'I'm going to bed,' he said. 'If I don't wake up in the morning, don't call me.'
'I didn't think it wise in the first place to let them-'
'This is their home, sister,' said Atticus. 'We've made it this way for them, they might as well learn to cope with it.'"
Page 285
Parental Influence: Today
A study was conducted that showed that children from families with divorced parents still felt lonely, unhappy, anxious, and insecure, six years after the divorce occured.
Fear
Fear: 1930's
"'Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an' then turn around and be ugly about folks right at home-'" [Scout]
Page 331
"I could not remember when the lines above Atticus's moving finger separated into words, but I had stared at them all the evenings in my memory, listening to the news of the day, Bills to Be Enacted into Laws, the diaries of Lorenzo Dow- anything Atticus happened to be reading when I crawled into his lap every night."
Page 23
"'She's an old lady and she's ill. You just hold your head high and be a gentleman. Whatever she says to you, it's your job not to let her make you mad.'"
Page 133
During the Great Depression it was difficult for people to find jobs, which stopped their normal income of money. People feared starvation, losing their home, and not being able to provide for their families.
"Next morning I awoke, looked out the window and nearly died of fright. My screams brought Atticus from his bathroom half-shaven.
'The world's endin', Atticus! Please do something-!'
'No it's not,' he said. 'It's snowing.'"
Page 86
Fear: 1960's
"'I hope you've got it through your head that he'll kill us each and every one, Dill Harris,' said Jem, when we joined him. 'Don't blame me when he gouges your eyes out. You started it, remember.'
'You're still scared,' murmured Dill patiently.
Jem wanted Dill to know once and for all that he wasn't scared of anything. 'It's just that I can't think of a way to make him come out without him gettin' us.' Besides, Jem had his little sister to think of.
When he said that, I knew he was afraid."
Page 17
Fear: Today
Sixty-eight percent of all Americans believe that the United States is heading down the wrong path. These people are worried about the shape of our economy and the pile of debt we are under.
"'Thought I heard something,' he said. 'Stop a minute.'
We stopped.
'Hear anything?' he asked.
'No.'
We had not gone five paces before he made me stop again.
'Jem, are you tryin' to scare me? You know I'm too old-'
'Be quiet,' he said, and I knew he was not joking."
Page 348, 349
Hope
Hope: 1930's
During the Great Depression people managed to keep hope and remain strong even through the poverty and hard times. A source of hope during this time came from the Civilian Conservation Corps because they supplied people with jobs.
"Atticus's voice had dropped, and as he turned away from the jury he said something I did not catch. He said it more to himself than to the court. I punched Jem. 'What'd he say?'
'In the name of god, believe him,' I think that's what he said.'"
Page 275
Hope: 1960's
Dr. Martin Luther King gave people hope, motivation, and a sense of morals. He told them the right and wrong way to handle the problems they were having at the time and he gave them the hope they needed to keep the movement going.
Hope: Today
Hitler was a hypocrite himself because he believed in the Aryan race which required you to be tall, blonde, and have blue eyes. Hitler had none of those qualities. Also, Hitler told his soldiers that surrendering was never an option, yet when Berlin was invaded he took an easy way out by shooting himself in the head.
"'I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you know you're licked before you begin, but you begin anyway and see it through no matter what.'"
Page
Scientist have recently discovered a black hole in the center of a quasar that is twelve billion times as large as our sun.
During the Great Depression, families suffered in different ways. Some fathers left their families because of the pressure of being the head of the house and supporting their families, which hurt the children because they didn't have the parental influence of a father. On the other hand, some families were brought closer together during this hard time so the parents influenced their children to push through the hard times and stay strong.
The Cuban Missile Crisis struck fear in all Americans because they were afraid that Russia would launch the nuclear missiles.
"Jem seemed to be having a quiet fit. He was pounding the balcony rail softly, and once he whispered, 'We've got him.'"
Page 238
"'Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.'"
Page 101
Today in the U.S. people are hoping to remain safe from terrorist attacks, 100 top national security experts were surveyed and they had doubts about the safety of our country, but they are trying to improve their methods of safety and hopefully that will protect us against any attacks.
"'That institution, gentlemen, is a court. It can be the Supreme court of the United States or the humblest J.P. court in the land, or this honorable court which you serve. Our courts have their faults, as does any human institution, but in this country our courts are the greater levelers, and in our courts all men are created equal.
I'm no idealist to believe firmly in the integrity of our courts and in the jury system-that is no ideal to me, it is a living, working reality.'"
Page 274
There are many chefs today that are promoting healthy eating on their shows or on their recipes but experts tested 900 recipes from 26 famous cooks and found that 87 percent didn't meet the standards of the Government's healthy eating guidelines, 92 percent of chefs having at least one recipe with saturated fatty acids above the recommended daily intake.
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