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Native American Tribes

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Karla Portillo

on 2 September 2014

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Transcript of Native American Tribes

Southeastern Tribes
Powhatan
Creek
In the early 1500's, the Creeks occupied portions of what are now the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and North and South Carolina.
Had annual spring floods which provided the Creeks with favorable agricultural conditions.
They cultivated crops and gathered wild fruits, roots, and herbs
The Creeks were hospitable people. They traded with all of the European colonies.
The Creeks allied themselves with the English. They supported the British in the American Revolutionary War.
The English offered better quality goods and more variety than the Spanish and French.
Creeks lived on wet lands and prone to flooding.
Creeks modified their way of life and combined the American culture and old traditions. The tribe still exists and some live in Oklahoma.
The tribe had conflicts with the United States because in 1790, Creek leaders traveled to New York to negotiate a treaty with President Washington. It was a treaty that ceded tribal land to the United States. The tribe was guaranteed unending ownership of their remaining land which they didn't do.
Choctaw
Choctaw are originally from the Southeastern state of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama but were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800's.
Women did most of the farming
They harvested crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflower.
Men hunted wild turkey and caught fish in rivers.
Their enemy was the British that took their land.
Lived in settled villages of houses.
Were removed from their homes and placed in an indian territory which the government created.
They built churches, built a stable economy, and laws that were adapted by Americans.
The Choctaw Civil War from 1747-1750 was between those who wanted to maintain trade with the French and those with the English.
Cherokee
Cherokee nation stretched from North Carolina and Georgia to Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.
They harvested crops of corn,beans, and squash.
The primary enemies were the Americans that took their land.
They allied up with the British in the French and Indian war.
Lived in houses made of mud and clay.
One of the five civilized tribes
During winters, they lived in smaller houses
Intermarriage with non- Indians changed the family structure.
In 1835, U.S. Congress passed a Removal Act with the support of President Jackson.
The Trail of Tears resulted in a Civil War between the Cherokee.
Seminole
The land occupied by the Powhatan Indians encompassed all of Tidewater, Virginia, from the Potomac River in the north to south of the James River.
Some later moved northward in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
They lived in towns located on high ground near rivers, which were sources of food and transportation
They used the rivers to bathe every morning
Powhatan Indians had conflicts with the English. The English were very demanding to the Indians. The cultural standards and behavior cause conflict between them.
The land was a rich floodplain with woods f pine and oak and vegetation became profuse. It has hot weather.
Today, none of the Powhatan dialects have been spoken for nearly 300 years
Today, 3000 Powhatan people remain in Virginia and New England.
Today, they still wear their beaded headbands and the leather moccasins but only wear feathers for special occasions.
-The Seminole tribe originally lived in northern Florida but moved further south into the Everglades for protection from the expanding population of the United States.
-Descendents of the Creek people
-Made cabins out of logs and started farming
-Made little houses out of plaster and wood called Chickees for cooking, sleeping, and eating together.
-The diversity is reflected in the fact that its members spoke seven languages: Muscogee, Hitchiti, Koasati, Alabama, Natchez, Yuchi and Shawnee.
-United States were there primary enemies
-In 1817, the first of three wars against the United States had began. Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson invaded then-Spanish Florida and defeated the Seminoles.
- The Second Seminole War: The U.S. government attempted to relocate Seminoles to Oklahoma
-May 8, 1858, the United States declared an end to conflicts in the third war with the Seminoles
-Today there are two Seminole tribes, the Florida Seminoles and the Oklahoma Seminoles. Each tribe has its own laws and government.
-Today most Seminole Indians speak English. There are a few who speak the native language.
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