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Noh Theatre of Japan
Transcript of Noh Theatre of Japan
social class heirarchy
remove foreign culture/develop native art forms Noh Theater of Japan Perfect and Preserve an artform Noh Theater is 1 out of 3 Japanese forms of theater and is also referred to as No.
Comedia Del Arte
NO=TALENT Japanese Theater is rich and composed of Noh, Kabuki and Bunraku.
But today the focus on... Noh Japanese Theater A living Japanese art form which incorporates:
Natural Stage + Props
Programs http://www.gardendigest.com/zen/ten.htm#First Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
Ze-ami Motokiyo Warrior Plays (Shura Mono): Warriors seeking redemption and forgiveness from warrior hell. God Plays (Kami, waki noh and kami noh):
Peace, abundance in goods, and happiness.
•Giving thank yous to the gods. Women Plays (kazura mono):
•Ghost of woman
•Love and suffering
•Forced to wander earth due to love Madness Plays (kyojo mono)/(kurui mono):
•Man or woman with a terrible situation Demon Plays(kiri noh mono)
Demons, Dragons, fairies, goblins and other creatures
•Lively music, complex drumming, and energetic music
•Known for extravagant plays Noh Facts •There is limited amount of Noh plays about 200
•Plays originate from history, religion, myths, supernatural and literature
•Main character off to a journey but troubled by envy, love jealousy etc… 2 Types of Noh Truths 1.Mugen is about fantasy, the supernatural and gohst
2.Genzai is about realism.
Deals with present time and characters of the real world Categories
Noh •Masks over makeup.
•Are used by the tsure and shite.
•Middle aged men do not wear mask.
•Portraying old men, old women and all other masks are worn.
•Have neutral expression or a very strong emotion.
•When masks are not worn the “hitamen” actor does not use facial expressions.
•Actor wears the mask until he feels the emotion
•He becomes nothing else but the emotion This type of mask is used when actors are playing god(s). This is a warrior's mask. Womans mask. Madness mask. Demon's mask Rules of Noh •Waki enters stage and introduces story, themselves and the Shite.•Shite enters disguised and speaks to Waki.•Shite references to their true form and exits. • Shite reenters in true self.•A dance is represented with Shite story.•Movements are kept slow. •Every actor carries a fan.•Dialogue is to remain poetic. They sit in back of the stage.
Use a flute.
Use an hour glass shaped drum at the shoulder.
a barrel shaped drum placed on a floor stand and played with 2 sticks.
drummers use cries or shouts to signal between each other and singers.
drums call enhance the noh by creating the mood.
Usually 4 musicians, one plays flute and others play drums.
Drums provide deep hollow sound, flute is louder and flute is eerie sound. http://www2.ntj.jac.go.jp/unesco/noh/en/roles_musical.html Instruments and Sound Masks Costumes If they are united singers, play becomes dull.
sing good but not raise voice. Composed of 8 persons.
Narrate story, background and the mood.
Selected by leading actor.
principal reciter is first, the rest follow
Character thoughts and lines are sung for characters.
Emotion floats between Chorus and actors.
Moved by drum beat or by the sound of flute.
Not always do they rehearse together. Participants Chorus (jiutai) Warrior Women http://www.flickr.com/photos/blue_ruin_1/5847724926/ god Demon Madness Actors
Stage attendants Actors Shite
Kokata Costumes provide great insight to the audience of characterThey are intricately made dyed silk
There are rules for the design of each costume
Red is used for female roles
The collar indicates character
If two collars are together high level of purity and high status
Colors worn around the collar provides character, status or inner feelings
Texture, form, patter and color depict strong image to audience Dance Stylized Movement
Poses Stage Areas of the Stage
4 Pillars Programs/Costumes types of plays
costumes and masks