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amillia snow

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Valentines


The 1st valentine
The 1st valentine was the christian priest, who married soldiers and couples without permission he was sent to prison after he was burned to stake. The reason why they didn't allow the marriages was because the emperor saw no one was signing up to be a soldier so he made a law of no one getting married because, once the men get married they would pay all of their attention to the wives and children and supporting them instead of putting all of their work into being a soldier.

The 2nd valentine
after the priest it all started with the the bishop the starting of valentines the one who wrote the letter from your valentine. but before that last letter he got other people sending him flowers, notes and sometimes visit him in jail. ( some people thought there was three valentines the bishop, the priest and a unknown but reading over the stories there looked like there was just one, but some people think different due to what they think is right )
Chaucer's Love Birds

not until the 14 century they put love with their festival. when the Chaucer said a poem in honor of the engagement between England's Richard II and Anne of Bohemia. As was the poetic tradition, Chaucer put together the occasion with a feast day. In "The Part of Fowls," the royal engagement, the mating season of birds, and St. Valentine's Day are linked: When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate.
( chaucer is a English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales)
(Canterbury is tales/ stories told by the chaucer then told to traveler's to pass away time)

Feast of Lupercalia
Feast of Lupercalia
The Romans celebrated the feast of Lupercalia, a spring festival, on the 15th of February, put together in honor of a goddess. Young men would pick randomly the name of a young girl to take to the festival. With an introduction of Christianity, the holiday moved to the 14th of February. The Christians had come to celebrate February 14 as the saint day that celebrated the several early Christian martyrs named Valentine.

Roman gods:
the meaning:
greeting cards:
the 3 valentines:
symbols & roman roots:
People say it all started three hundred years after Jesus Christ, when the roman emperors said “everyone believe in the roman gods” there are many types of gods the names of the gods are:

Jupiter - King of the Gods Juno - Queen of the Gods
Neptune - God of the Sea Pluto - God of Death
Apollo - God of the Sun Diana - Goddess of the Moon
Mars - God of War Venus - Goddess of Love
Cupid - God of Love Mercury - Messenger of the Gods
Ceres - The Earth Goddess Minerva - Goddess of Wisdom
Proserpine - Goddess of the Underworld Vulcan - The Smith God
Bacchus - God of Wine Saturn - God of Time
Vesta - Goddess of the Home Janus - God of Doors
Uranus and Gaia - Parents of Saturn Maia - Goddess of Growth
Flora - Goddess of Flowers Plutus - God of Wealth

the meaning of valentines is to show your love to your loved ones or loved one it's to show how much you care about that person and how much they care about you, valentines is also when you and your partner get together and show all your affection you have for that person and enjoy the time you have together some people say the dove would pick your mate due to the dove being a sign of love and emotion
The first greeting card was handmade in the 16th century. some say saint valentine started the first card due to the notes he got in jail. in the 1800 companies started producing cards. in the 20th century they started putting lace and ribbons created by a machine
some people say cupid is the 2nd most important thing next to being with your loved ones cupid is a little boy armed with a bow and arrows with hearts at the ends, he has wings and wears a diaper. his bow and arrows are filled with love and emotion, he can make a god or a human fall deeply in love <3 <3 <3<3 <3 <3
The holidays roots is from the roman festival of Lupercalia a celebration taken place on the 15th of February. pope gelasius said "on this day i say the christian fest day declares February 14th valentines day. one of the reasons why people send roses to their loved ones is because a rose is the flower of love, and a heart is showing the love you have for that person another symbol is the pink almond tree of valentine
Timeline: the important times


one valentine was a priest who married couples he was sent to jail then burned another, one was an unknown, the next one was a bishop he was sent to jail. people think there were two valentines some thought three and some thought one they thought this because some of the stories looked the same thats where people got mixed up. what they thought was the priest was sent to jail and people would bring him letters and flowers and sometimes visit. then i found the second story............... "The story of Valentine's Day begins in the third century with a Roman emperor and a humble Christian Martyr. The emperor was Claudius II. The Christian was Valentines.
Claudius had ordered all Romans to worship twelve gods, and had made it a crime by death to associate with Christians. But Valentines was dedicated to the ideals of Christ; not even the threat of death could keep him from practicing his beliefs. He was arrested and imprisoned.
During the last weeks of Valentines's life a remarkable thing happened. Seeing that he was a man of learning, the jailer asked whether his daughter, Julia, might be brought to Valentines for lessons. She had been blind since birth. Julia was a pretty young girl with a quick mind. Valentinus read stories of Rome's history to her. He described the world of nature to her. He taught her arithmetic and told her about God. She saw the world through his eyes, trusted his wisdom, and found comfort in his quiet strength. what some people didn't know was they were in love
"Valentines, does God really hear our prayers?" Julia asked one day.
"Yes, my child, He hears each one."
"Do you know what I pray for every morning and every night? I pray that I might see. I want so much to see everything you've told me about!"
"God does what is best for us if we will only believe in Him," Valentines said.
"Oh, Valentines, I do believe! I do!" She knelt and grasped his hand.
They sat quietly together, each praying. Suddenly there was a brilliant light in the prison cell. Radiant, Julia screamed, "Valentines, I can see! I can see!"
"Praise be to God!" Valentine said, and he knelt in prayer.
On the eve of his death Valentine's wrote a last note to Julia, urging her to stay close to God. He signed it, "From your Valentine." His sentence was carried out the next day, February 14, 270 A.D., near a gate that was later named Porta Valentine in his memory. He was buried at what is now the Church of Praxedes in Rome. It is said that Julia planted a pink-blossomed almond tree near his grave. Today, the almond tree remains a symbol of abiding love and friendship. On each February 14, Saint Valentine's Day, messages of affection, love, and devotion are exchanged around the world."
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