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Human nature and violence

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Gulbahor Saraeva

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Human nature and violence

Aggregate concept of human nature - 'permissive condition' for war
Nature
war satisfies deep-rooted needs
Lorenz - ethology
Is aggression really an instinct?
Man is different from other animals
Monocausal explanation
Methodology
The drive-discharge model
Crowding and territoriality
Identity

Wilson - Sociobiology
unique set of human genes -->similar human culture

Adaptiveness / genetic fitness

Genetic disposition is reflected in human social and cultural institutions
War-making behavior - inherited



Nurture
man learns aggression from his cultural environment
Aggression as well as peaceful cooperative attitudes is learnt

cultural evolution
(
from nomadic hunter-gatherer stage to settled agricultural-pastoral existence
)
Leaky - Agricultural revolution
Schmookler - Parable of the tribes
Imitate most aggressive rivals: build communities, construct large scale pol org, initiate tax system, military inst--> creation of ever more powerful and militant societies--> powerful militaristic pol units spread out throughout the world--> wars between societies became endemic
peaceful societies

(Fabbro's 7 - Malaysia, Bolivia, Zaire, Northern Canada, South Pacific, Kalahari)
structural prerequisite, ec surplus, coercive hierarchy, leadership - absent
social learning theory
Bandura - aggression learnt from social environment
Human nature as a cause of war
Human nature - a set of traits or predispositions common to all people at all times - constant can not explain variations in war and peace
Are human beings by nature aggressive?
Nature-Nurture Debate
Human nature and violence
Unpack human nature
- cognitive ability
- personality
- emotional makeup
- propensity to take risks


Factors vary across individuals

Does human nature explain peace as well as war; long great power peace since WW2; sustained peace between the US and Canada?


Ethology/Sociobiology/Anthropology
Warfare is only an invention
Possibility of warfare is present in all societies

If they have the invention, civilized, mild, violent, assertive peoples all go to war

People who have customs of dueling will have duels and people who have pattern of vendetta will indulge in vendetta
Why are some nations peaceful at some time
but aggressive at other?
Full transcript