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Transcript of Athens
Temple Of Olympian Zeus
The Parthenon is the most famous temple dedicated to Athena. According to "The Search for Beauty and Order" from the packet it says, "Its builders sought to conveys a sense of perfect balance to reflect the harmony and order of the universe." This shows how the temples in Athens were special for the whole world, for peace. These types of structures can give us a sense of unity if we adopt to this kind of structure. Athens was successful because of the majestic structures that allowed the world to see its beauty.
In Athens, the religion was a system of rituals, and sacrifices that were made to gods for human needs. They paid honors to the gods to thank them for the blessing they received and for desires for more. To illustrate, in the website www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc, it cites, "Looking back on fifth-century Athens, the orator Lysias explained the necessity for public sacrifice: 'Our ancestors handed down to us the most powerful and prosperous community in Greece by performing the prescribed sacrifices. It is therefore proper for us to offer the same sacrifices as they, if only for the sake of the success which has resulted from those rites.'” This quote clearly explains the importance in sacrifices, which bring Athens success and help from the Gods. Religion can relate to art because in the temples dedicated to Athena, they sacrificed to Athena for wisdom.
Going back to the democracy Athens used, they would be the ones to order large constructions for temples, paintings, etc for their polytheistic belief.
All in all, Athens should be the Greek city-state that should be emulated as a new colony because of their success through democracy which allowed them to be advanced and become successful in many areas. First, unlike other city-states that focused on only one part of being united, Athenians had the freedom to learn as much as possible, which created the citizens to have a wider view on the rulers and choose the best fit future leader. Arts were also influenced because of the ruler's who were elected by the people that decided to start projects of majestic art like temples, tragical plays, etc. Last but not least, economy, which helped Athens stay advanced and above the city-states because of its successions in gathering ideas and including them in trade with other city-states.
Delphi Counter claim
The temple of Olympian Zeus is another famous tourist attraction, it is now just tall columns but it used to be the city's largest temple. The reason why we should adapt to having these kind of structures is because they are so majestic and shows Athens' beauty. According to http://www.ancient.eu/article/815/, it demonstrates, Its unusually tall columns and ambitious layout made the temple one of the largest ever built in the ancient world... The Corinthian columns are unusually tall at 17.25 m and have a diameter of 1.7 m and 20 flutes." Therefore this temple had ambitious layouts that made it the largest ever built in the "ancient world." Also this temple was never completed until Hadrian finally did.
Athenians lived a very productive life, having a government that allowed many aspects of education. Therefore when the children of Athens grow up they could contribute to their city- state, bringing more power and benefits. According to socialstudiesforkids.com, it states "As an Athenian, you could get a good education and could pursue any of several kinds of arts or sciences." This allowed children to have a bigger expansion of knowledge which would allow them to take on more jobs. More jobs mastered would mean that Athens be advanced on all kingdom traits. This was established through the democracy, who decided upon this positive rule that would change Athens to be a wise city-state for the better.
The Athenian economy was based on trade. Since the land around Athens was not good for farming, but it was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and resources that they needed. They bought and sold goods at a huge marketplace called the agora, where, merchants sold their goods from small stands. The reason why we should adopt to Athenians' way of economics is because trade was increasing their wealth, and used it as an advantage to get resources that they did not have, because in Athens they were surrounded by sea and not that much fertile land.Democracy in Athens allowed trade to expand and efficiently increase Athens's money and expansion.
By: Issac Lee, Kelly Li, Siqi Li and Ashley Jeong
However, some might say that Sparta
should be the city-state we should adopt to because they had such a huge military advantage. But Sparta will kill their own children if they are sick, also they will kill everyone who is unfit for the army. Unlike Athens, they don't encourage children to learn anything other then becoming a warrior. They will try anything to win even going back to their old enemies for help. Athens, on the other hand encouraged young children to explore all kinds of works and not just
Athens were known for their amazing art such as temples, literature, sculpture and pottery. An example of their literature is their tragic plays written by Aeschylus, the most famous play writer in Athens. For instance, on the website britannica.com it states, "Aeschylus’ influence on the development of tragedy was fundamental... By adding a second actor... with whom the first could converse, Aeschylus vastly increased the drama’s possibilities for dialogue and dramatic tension and allowed more variety and freedom in plot construction." Great changes like this should happen more in the modern world to make art more successful. Athens also became the area most common for pottery as it says on the same website, "The superior quality of their clay, pigment, and decoration quickly enabled the Athenian artists to overtake those of Corinth. From 600 BCE on, Athens increasingly became the dominant center for Greek pottery, eventually exporting its ware throughout the Mediterranean world." Again, this shows how advanced Athens are in all art, becoming very wealthy because of all the they had during the ancient Greek times, on top of every other city-state when it comes to Greek beauty
in art. Without a democracy art like this could not have been decided to create.
The city-state Athens was considered the wealthiest and most powerful city-state in ancient greek history, but what is the truth to its success? Under the Athenian government of democracy, an effective practice of government that brought success to Athens should be emulated as a new greek colony because it was successful. Citizens focused on many topics which created them to have a lot of knowledge to vote sensibly. Economy relates to democracy because the citizens’ votes allowed Athens’s to make positive decisions that would help increase their wealth. An example is their agora where they would talk politics, etc. Religion related to art because of the temples which were where the Athenians practiced their religion.
Delphi may seem more successful because it contained the oracle and a temple to gods but it is frequented pillaged and is easily destroyed.One detail is "After the Romans captured Delphi in the early second century B.C.E, it was frequently pillaged." This illustrates how Delphi is so easily destroyed that people raid it for almost free resources money and food. This is very unlike Athens, which was one of the top strongest, wealthiest Greek city-states.
Under the leadership of the Athenian government,
The symbol of wisdom in Athens
the best and most effective government up to that time. As ducksters.com quotes, "Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct
wealth and power was bestowed on the city-state of Athens. The practice of democracy may not has been perfect, but it was
Meaning that all citizens were allowed to vote. Rather than voting for representatives, like we do, each citizen was expected to vote for every law." This expresses how fair and inclusive democracy was. This type of democracy affected other elements of a greek city-state. Social, because the citizens would make the right choices to expand topics in knowledge. Economy, since choices in trade such as in the agora were decided
by the government. Additionally, in both arts and religion, culture
was continued because of democracy and its benefits in making the most sensible paths in Athens