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Diamond Johnson

on 8 January 2018

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Transcript of Anonymous

Examine the significance and consequences of the "Wounded Knee Massacre". Describe what freedom meant to the Indians and how that conflicted with the interests and values of most white Americans
Essay Question
The Wounded Knee Massacre
After Math
Chief Big Foot
Sitting Bull
Diamond Johnson Presents to you
"The Battle of The Wounded Knee Massacre"
Spanish American War". What role did Virginia play in the war? Buffalo soldiers?

Diamond Johnson
Mitra Mirmotahari
Tylor Lunsford
Tatanka Ivotanka (Sitting Bull) or Jumping Badger
1831, Grand River
Dec. 15, 1890 Standing Rock Indian Reservation

A holy man who was a vocal pioneer that led several attacks on U.S. forts in the West, and he played a role in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
(A Teton Dakota Indian Chief)
Spanish American War
It was about imperialist and expansionist.

Imperialism is when a nation works to expand its power and influence. The two primary methods of imperialism are military conquest and political diplomacy

Essay Question
1. Hearst published very graphic and biased stories about General Weyler's brutality in Cuba.
2.Enrique Dupuy de Lome, who was the Spanish Minister to the United States, wrote the letter. The letter was stolen and ended up being published in Hearst's New York Journal.
3. Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine that was sent to Cuba to protect Americans in Havana
President McKinley sends a letter to Spain suggesting an armistice, or an end to hostilities.
When Spain won't meet his demands, Mckinley officially asks congress to declare war on Spain. On April 25, 1898, war is declared

17,000 troops are sent to handle this conflict. Two groups stand out in particular.

One is Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders.
Buffalo Soldiers
The Buffalo Soldiers were originally the African American soldiers who made U.S. 10th Cavalry, but the name Buffalo Soldiers came to be used for all the African American regiments formed just after the civil war

Virginians served in four volunteer regiments, the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 6th Virginia Regiments

Of the four regiments, only the 4th Regiment was sent to Cuba, and only for a short time following the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which officially ended the war.

The war only lasts four months

About 2,400 troops die in the war, but only about 400 of them die in battle.
The Treaty of Paris, signed December 10, 1898, officially ends the war
Treaty of Paris
Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico added on to the U.S. as protectorates

Cuba is officially awarded independence

How Did "Jim Crow" Impact the Development of the "New South"?
Tyler Lunsford
Freedoms of African Americans During Reconstruction
Freedoms granted to African Americans were being chipped away.
Andrew Johnson returned all government owned land to its original owner.
Freedoms of African Americans During Reconstruction
Johnson implemented his plan for reconstruction which:
Offered pardons to all southern whites
Held conventions where whites only elected delegates
Sen. Lyman Trumbull of Illinois
Sen. Lyman Trumbull, proposed two bills:
1. Extend the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau
a) Was vetoed by Johnson
2. The Civil Rights Bill
a) Defined all person’s born in the U.S, as citizens, and identifies the rights that they were to be given regardless of race.
b) Johnson Vetoed
c) Congress overrode the presidential veto and passed the bill.
Freedoms of African Americans During Reconstruction
“Black Codes” were implemented by southern governments to regulate the lives of African Americans.
Pres. Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant is elected president in 1869
Led to the 15th Amendment being approved by Congress in 1869.
One last piece of the Civil Rights Act is enacted by Congress in 1875.
Rutherford B. Hayes is elected as president in 1877, through the bargain of 1877.
Plessy V. Ferguson:
In 1890, the state of Louisiana passed a law that required separate accommodations for blacks and whites on railroads, including separate rail cars.
The Committee of Citizens persuaded, Homer Plessy, a man of mixed race, to participate in an orchestrated test case.
Plessy V. Ferguson:
On June 7th, 1892, Plessy purchased a first class ticket and boarded the “whites only” car.
Plessy was asked to move to the blacks-only car
He refused and was arrested.
As planned the train was stopped and Plessy was taken off the train at Press and Royal streets.
Plessy V. Ferguson:
Plessy immediately sought a writ of prohibition.
The Committee of Citizens took Plessy’s appeal to the supreme court of Louisiana.
The Supreme Court ruled that the cars were “separate, but equal”.
Significance of the Supreme Court Decision
Upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of “separate, but equal”.
Provided momentum for future segregation-based laws.

Consequences of the Supreme Court Decision
Set the stage for the Jim Crow Era.
States continued to pass laws that were based on segregation which later became known as the Jim Crow system.

Thomas Dartmouth Rice
Born in NYC in 1808.
Dedicated himself to the theater in his early twenties.
Began performing an act called “Jump, Jim Crow” or “Jumping, Jim Crow” in the early 1830s.
Made the term “Jim Crow” a derogatory term for African Americans.

How did "Jim Crow" Impact the Development of the "New South".
Jim Crow laws were put in place to enforce racial segregation.
This resulted in a legislative that favored whites and repressed African Americans.
This institutionalized form of inequality would continue to grow with the help of the Supreme Court.
These Jim Crow laws would impede upon the progress of the development of the New South.

Works Cited

US soldiers bury-in a mass grave-some of the 150 Indian men , women and children they killed during the Wounded Knee Massacre December. 29, 1890
The Native Americans that lived were forced to leave the place they called home due to the white soldiers taking over their land and selling it.
Perspective of the killed assemblage of Chief Big Foot propped up in the snow at Wounded Knee. U.S. officers, regular citizen entombment party individuals, and a "Piece" or "Stick" Stove of the sort used to warm the Conical or Sibley armed force tent are appeared out of sight. (The Stick Stove more likely than not marks the area of Big Foot's tent, which was near the committee circle. Significant Samuel Whitside of the seventh Cavalry requested a stove set in Big Foot's tent on the night prior to the slaughter.)
The significance of the Wounded Knee Massacre :
Was so the government can have a reason to take what the Indians owned which was their land. They used U.S soldiers to intimidate the Native Americans into running away without a fight but Big Foot and his band refused to back down. The soldiers were pleased to have a reason to kill them all.

The consequences
that came with the Wounded Knee Massacre was the brutal death of the Native American men and innocent women and children. The Native Americans were ambushed and forced out of their own town. They now live on reservations and receive benefits from the same government that took what belonged to them.
Charles L. Hyde, a native of Pierre, South Dakota, gave Indian specialists a letter
Indian specialists on May. 29, 1890 were not worried about the Ghost Dance until Charles L. Hyde
December 15, 1890, Lakota Indian Police were sent to Sitting Bull's lodge to capture him mistakenly believing he was a Ghost Dancer
The contention at Wounded Knee was initially alluded to as a fight, yet in actuality it was a grievous and avoidable slaughter
December 29, the U.S. Armed force's seventh rangers encompassed a band of Ghost Dancers under the Sioux Chief Big Foot close Wounded Knee Creek and requested they surrender their weapons
As that was going on, a battle broke out between an Indian and a U.S. fighter and a shot was discharged, despite the fact that it's indistinct from which side.
A group portrait of Big Foot’s Miniconjou Lakota band at a Grass Dance on the Cheyenne River, South Dakota, in August 1890. Nearly all these people were killed at Wounded Knee just a few months later.
Work Cited

"Massacre At Wounded Knee, 1890," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (1998)
Staff, History .com. U.S. Army Massacres Indians at Wounded Knee. History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.
Large, Professor Olsen. "Tag Archives: Wounded Knee Massacre." Professor Olsen Large. N.p., 29 Dec. 2013. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
Wdboy662. "The Massacre at Wounded Knee 1890." YouTube. YouTube, 1 Aug. 2008. Web. 14 Feb. 2017.
He would help lead the growing Ghost Dance movement aimed at restoring the Sioux way of life
by: Mitra Mirmotahari
What was War about?
First U.S. volunteer cavalry Regiment
Work Cited
A Guide to the Virginia Volunteers, Spanish-American War Muster Rolls, 1898-1899 Virginia Volunteers, Spanish-American War Muster Rolls, 1898-1899 32116
Hendrickson, Kennard E. The Spanish American War. Westport: Greenwood.2003.Print.
Kerry,Graves A. America goes to war, Spanish American war. Minnesota: Capstone press. 2001. Print.
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