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Memory

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PSY2012 MDC

on 26 June 2015

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Transcript of Memory

AGENDA
Memory- Corey
Processing/Sensory Memory- Rachel
Short Term Memory- Latosha
Working Memory- Luis

Memory Is Awesome!
MemoryOrganization
Memory
Luis Hernandez
Rachel Pausa
Corey Pierre
Latosha Jackson

Memory Organization
Different explanations for how memory is organized
The most influential is the Information Processing Model
Suggests that memory operates in stages
Atkins and Shiffrin
Suggests that these stages represent a flow of Information

Memory Storage
The Brain has 3 types of memory storage
Sensory Memory
Short Term Memory
Long Term Memory
Sensory memory is a primary component of perception
Levels of Processing cont.
Shallow, Intermediate and Deep
Memory
Memory
Storage
Process
Short Term Memory
Short Term Memory
*• When sensory information enters your sensory memory it doesn’t linger around, instead it goes to short term memory.

* Information can be in short term memory for 30 seconds.
Short Term Memory
* Short term memory has a limited capacity.

* Can only concentrate on a tiny percentage of data.

Example
Chunking
Game Time!
Thank you!
Chunking
Encoding
* The Process through which information enters our memory system.
* Retaining information over a duration of time.
however, not all information is not stored. Emotional,weighted and relevant information is most likely to be stored.

* For Example: The time you went to publix and it caught on fire is most likely to be stored then the time you went to publix and brought some eggs and went home.
Retrieval

* Retrieval is just a process of retrieving information that has been encoded and stored into the memory system.

* For example: not retrieving a name, but remembering a face.
The period of time covered by the remembrance or recollection of a person or a group of person. we may store this information for later use.
Levels of Processing
Another way of conceptualizing memory is from a processing stand point
Depths of information
Shallow level processing
Concerned with physical features -having to do with brightness or shape of an object
Deeper level processing
Relies on characteristics related to patterns and meaning
-Suppose you are trying to learn the processes involved with memory
Encoding, Storage, and retrieval
Encoding has 7 letters
Storage has 8 letters
Retrieval has 9 letters
- or you can reach a deeper level and connect it with concepts already stored in your memory
The more deeply you think about incoming information, considering personal relevance, the greater success you will have learning and remembering it.
Connecting words
Shallow: Physical features
Intermediate: Pattern with more details
Deep: Think about meaning with more processing
Sensory Memory
Information comes and goes in sensory memory
How much information can be detected in a brief exposure to visual
Sperling
More is seen than can be remembered
He created a clever method called partial report which provided evidence
Eidetic Memory
Fairly close to photographic memory
Amazing specificity of any given time
However not always accurate
Rare, and occurs mainly in young children
Echoic Memory
Exact copies of the sounds we hear linger longer than visual
1-10 seconds
Capture very subtle changes in sound
Your auditory system picks up stimuli and storing them in echoic memory for a brief moment
Multitasking, Memory, Social Media
* Grouping numbers letters or other items into meaningful subsets as a strategy for increasing the quantity of information that can be maintained in short term memory.
For example..
Working Memory
* A system for temporarily storing and managing the information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension.

* Working memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information-processing functions such as encoding, storing, and retrieving data.
* It directs attention, make plans, and coordinate activities. Part of its role is determining what information to attend or ignore, helping the juggling, organizing, focusing, and manipulating of consciousness.
Central Executive
It is where visual spatial data are briefly stored and manipulated, including information about your surroundings, where things are in relation to each other and you.
Visuospatial Sketchpad
* A bridge between memory and conscious awareness. It enables us to assign meaning to past events, to solve problems that we face, and to make plans for the future.


Episodic Buffer
* The part of working memory that deals with spoken and written material. It can be used to remember a phone number.
Phonological Loop
Working Model
Memory at work!
For Example
there/their/they're
* There are three main ways in which information can be encoded (changed):

1. Visual (picture)

2. Acoustic (sound)

3. Semantic (meaning)
Full transcript