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Anointing of the Sick
Transcript of Anointing of the Sick
Declared the sacrament's divine institution and explained what is given in St. James' epistle concerning the sacrament, such as the reality and its effects.
Specified that the priest is the proper minister. Anointing
of the Sick Anointing of the Sick Origin of Sacrament Instituted by Christ Promulgation of St. James in the Bible Origin of Sacrament Additions of the Second Vatican Council It is a sacrament of healing, imparting the grace of the Holy Spirit to those with seriously impaired health due to sickness or old age.
It unites them to the entire community of faith, strengthening them to bear their sufferings in light of the support and prayers of that community. Jesus came to heal the whole man, soul and body; he is the physician the sick have need of.
"In my name . . . they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will recover." (Mark 16:18) Council of Florence
Outlined that the sacrament was essentially composed of the celebrant anointing the sick person, while praying for the grace of the Holy Spirit. The sacrament is not only for those at the point of death, but even those in danger of death.
In cases where olive oil is inaccessible, another oil may be used, as long as it was obtained from plants, as this more closely resembles the matter in the Holy Scripture.
Anointing may be given on the forehead or, due to the condition of the sick person, on a more suitable part of the body. The proper time to receive this is when one begins to be in danger of death due to old age or sickness. It may be received more than once, so long as the Christian is seriously ill. He may also receive it once more if, after receiving it the first time, his illness worsens. Receiving the Sacrament Ministers of the Sacrament Celebration of the Sacrament It consists essentially in the anointing of the forehead and hands of the sick person (in the Roman Rite) or of other parts of the body (in the Eastern rite), accompanied by the liturgical prayer of the celebrant asking for the special grace of this sacrament. Form - “Through this holy anointing, may the Lord in His love and mercy, help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin, save you and raise you up.“ Signs and Symbols OLIVE OIL: represents the presence of the Holy Spirit within us, through the seal of God
LAYING OF HANDS: symbolizes the spirit of God being called down—the very presence of God putting His hands on our head Effects of the Sacrament the uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ, for his own good and that of the whole Church
the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age
the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able to obtain it through the sacrament of Penance
the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the salvation of his soul
the preparation for passing over to eternal life Development of Sacrament "Is any among you sick? Let him call for the presbyters of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven." (Jas 5:14-15) Only priests (presbyters and bishops) can give the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, using oil blessed by the bishop, or if necessary by the celebrating presbyter himself. The sacrament may also include a VIATICUM, which is essentially the Eucharist given to someone who is near death.