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Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Fueled by Natural Gas

Natural Gas is used to make Hydrogen Fuel Cells run!

Thomas Gallegos

on 7 June 2010

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Transcript of Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Fueled by Natural Gas

Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Fueled By Natural Gas Fossil Fuel Emission Levels
Pounds per Billion Btu of Energy Input Pollutant Natural Gas Oil Coal
Carbon Dioxide 117,000 164,000 208,000
Carbon Monoxide 40 33 208
Nitrogen Oxides 92 448 457
Sulfur Dioxide 1 1,122 2,591
Particulates 7 84 2,744
Mercury 0.000 0.007 0.016
Fuel Cell
Electrolyte is a seperator.
Electrodes. Where the electro cehmical reactions occur.
Two bipolar plates the connect the current and build voltage from the cells.
Gallons in a barrel: 42 Gallons
Energy in a gallon of gas: 132x106 Joules
Energy used by petroleum cars per year: 30 Billion barrels

Gasoline Data Gasoline used in cars per day: 21Millions barrels
Natural Gas Energy produced from natural gas: 646,756,778,902,080 Gallons
House hold consumers: 604,556 McF
Energy Produced by all: 2,162,975 McF
Energy produced from natural gas: 2 KWH
Efficiency of hydrgen cars: 23KWH/100 km

The car runs much longer and more efficient.
It produces little to no emmisions.
We have lots of natural gas to use.
The fuel cell runs on electricity so it can be easily
hooked up and charged in a designated fuel

Natural Gas Technically Recoverable Resources
Natural Gas Resource Category
(Trillion Cubic Feet) As of January 1, 2007
Nonassociated Gas
Undiscovered 373.20
Onshore 113.61
Offshore 259.59
Inferred Reserves 220.14
Onshore 171.05
Offshore 49.09
Unconventional Gas Recovery 644.92
Tight Gas 309.58
Shale Gas 267.26
Coalbed Methane 68.09
Associated-Dissolved Gas 128.69
Total Lower 48 Unproved 1366.96
Alaska 169.43
Total U.S. Unproved 1536.38
Proved Reserves 211.09

Total Natural Gas 1747.47

More Data
U.S. Natural Gas Resources
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
1992 NPC
Study 1999 NPC
As of Jan 1, 1991 As of Jan 1, 1998

Lower 48 Resources
Proved Reserves 160 157
Assessed Additional Resources 1135 1309
Old Fields (Reserve Appreciation) 236 305
New Fields 493 633
Nonconventional 406 371
Total Remaining Resources 1295 1466

Alaskan Resources
Proved Reserves 9 10
Assessed Additonal Resources 171 303
Old Fields (Reserve Appreciation) 30 32
New Fields 84 214
Nonconventional 57 57
Total Remaining Resources 180 313
Total U.S. Remaining Resources 1475 1779
Even More Data About Natural Gas
Potential Natural Gas Resources of the U.S.
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
Total Potential Resource
Traditional Resources

Lower 48 States
Total Lower 48 1479.6

Onshore 94.432
Offshore 99.366
Total Alaska 193.831

Total Traditional 1,673.4

Coalbed Methane 163.0

Total United States 1,836.4

Natual Gas Graph Disadvantages
Fuel cells are currently very expensive, but since they have a simple construction, mass production costs would become extremely low.
Prototype fuel cells last only 1/5th as long as would be needed to make fuel cells cost-effective.
They are energy losers because it costs more to produce hydrogen than is earned by using hydrogen in fuel cells:
Electricity generated by fuel cells in cars costs thousands of dollars per kilowatt: This would have to fall by a factor of 10 for fuel cells to become economically viable.
547,500,000,000 billion gallons of gasoline used per year in the world.
1747.47 trillion gallons of natural gas is left on the world.
So for a while we could run on only natural gas in our cars but like every non renewable
it will run our eventually run out.
Uses now
Right now hydrogen fuel cells are still prototypes.
They are expensive and hard to make.
Natural Gas is used for cooking, heating, cooling, providing energy for power plants
As you can see Natural Gas is also being used more for electricity production.
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