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Carlos Velarde

on 23 February 2014

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Why did Rizal leave?
Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave the Philippines for the 2nd time in February 1888.

He was 27 years old, a practicing physician and a recognized man-of-letters.

The trip to Macau
February 18, 1888
- Rizal boarded the steamer
for Macao
with Jose Maria Basa
The trip to Hong Kong
February 3, 1888
- Rizal
left for Hong Kong
via the steamer
Amoy - 1st stopover
February 7, 1888 - Zafiro made its
1st stop over

Rizal did not get off the ship at Amoy because:
he was not feeling well;
it was raining hard;
he heard that the city was dirty.
Hong Kong
February 8, 1888
- Rizal
arrived at Hong Kong

stayed at Victoria Hotel
where he met
Jose Maria Basa
Balbino Mauricio
, &
Manuel Yriate
Jose Sainz de Veranda
- a Spaniard who
spied on Rizal
while in Hong Kong.

It was believed that he was commissioned by the Spanish authorities to spy on Rizal.
Jose Maria Basa
exiled for being part of the 1872 revolt which led to the execution of Gomburza
active promoter of the propaganda movement
Balbino Mauricio
"[Balbino's suffering] prepared me for a fate which may be much worse!" - Rizal says as he witnesses the suffering done to Balbino.

Rizal began to see that perhaps one way to save his country was to go back and let himself be crucified for her.
Manuel Yriate
He is the son of Francisco Yriate, the alcalde mayor of Laguna.
Rizal was surprised to see Jose Sainz de Veranda aboard the ship.
A Portuguese colony near Hong Kong.

Don Juan Francisco Lecaros
- Rizal and Basa stayed in his home while in Macau.
Rizal visited the theatre, casino, cathedral and churches, pagodas, botanical garden, bazaars, and the Grotto of Camoens (Portugal's national poet).

February 18, 1888 - Rizal witnessed a procession wherein the devotees wore blue and purple dresses and carried unlit candles.
February 20, 1888
- Rizal and Basa
return to Hong Kong
again via the Kiu Kang.
While in Hong Kong:
Rizal studied the Chinese life, language & customs.
1. Chinese New Year
February 11-13:
Continuous explosions of firecrackers;
The richer the person, the more firecrackers exploded.
2. Boisterous Chinese Theatre
a man astride a stick means a man riding a horseback
an actor raising his legs means he is entering a house
a red dress indicates a wedding
a girl about to be married covers her face with a fan
a man raising a whip signifies he is about to ride a horse
3. Marathon Lauriat Party
The longest meal in the world. Guests were served numerous dishes.
4. Dominican Order
Richest religious order in Hong Kong.
5. The Cemeteries
Of all the Hong Kong cemeteries, it was the cemetery of the Protestants that was the most beautiful because of its well-groomed plants and clean pathways.

Catholic cemetry was the most pompus, Muslim was the most simple.
Departure from Hong Kong
February 22, 1888
- Rizal
left Hong Kong

the steamer
, on the way to Japan.

He did not like the meals, but he liked how clean the ship was.

His cabin mate was a British Protestant missionary who had lived in China for 27 years. He called Rizal "a good man."
Full transcript