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SS8h4a and SS8h4b

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Erik Love

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of SS8h4a and SS8h4b

SS8H4 The student will describe the impact of events that led to the ratification ofthe United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights
Constitutional Convention of 1787
Articles of Confederation
Georgia's 1777 Constitution
a. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of both the Georgia Constitution of 1777 and the Articles of Confederation and explain how weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to a need to revise the Articles.

b. Describe the role of Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787; include the role of Abraham Baldwin and William Few, and reasons why Georgia ratified the new constitution.
The first set of laws, or constitution, of the United States of America, was called the Articles of Confederation.
The first constitution of The United States of America.
Brought all 13 states together under one government for the first time.
Problems GALORE!
Like Articles of Confederation: WEAK EXECTUTIVE
Gave almost all power to Georgia's Legislature (unicameral)
Governor served only 1 year terms and elected by legislature.
Gathering of Americans from 12 of the 13 states (Rhode Island did not send any delegates).
Purpose of meeting was to solve problems with the Articles of Confederation.
Result was the Constitution of the United States of America (yes, the one we still use today!)
William Houston, William Pierce, Abraham Baldwin & William Few are the guys from Georgia who go to this...but only Baldwin and Few actually sign it.
Congress (the central government) was made up of delegates chosen by the states and could conduct foreign affairs, make treaties, declare war, maintain an army and a navy, coin money, and establish post offices.
However, measures passed by Congress had to be approved by 9 of the 13 states.

Congress was severely limited in its powers. It could not raise money by collecting taxes; it had no control over foreign commerce; it could pass laws but could not force the states to comply with them.

Thus, the government was dependent on the willingness of the various states to carry out its measures, and often the states refused to cooperate.

The articles were virtually impossible to amend, so problems could not be corrected.

Read more on TeacherVision: http://www.teachervision.fen.com/american-revolution/resource/6121.html#ixzz1ZiJM1UNF
Shays Rebellion!!!
Debtor's prision is back!
What about the war debt?!?
meet Daniel Shays...
Was this way because many people didn't want a repeat of Royal Governors (who, you'll remember, ruled on behalf of the king and held all the power)
Basically, this setup didn't work because:
some exective leadership needed
city/country political groups didn't like each other
some people STILL loyal to Great Britain and wanted to see the new system fail
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention did not represent a cross-section of 1787 America. The Convention included no women, no slaves, no Native Americans or racial minorites, no laborers. As one historian noted, it was a "Convention of the well-bred, the well-fed, the well-read, and the well-wed."

from: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/convention1787.html
Later, Georgia had to adopt a new State Constitution so that it would agree with the new Federal document (the United States Constitution).
The Articles of Confederation created a central government that was too weak to govern effectively
They had to be changed to fix all the problems
The meeting where they fixed the problems was called the Constitutional Convention
Georgia had to write a new state constitution that agreed with the new federal one.
The guys from Georgia who signed the new constitution were Abraham Baldwin and William Few.
The new set of laws written during the Constitutional Convention was called, simply, the Constitution of the United States of America (it's still the one we use today, 224 years later).
Full transcript