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Western and Classical Art Traditions

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Joaquin Alfonso

on 7 August 2014

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Transcript of Western and Classical Art Traditions

I. Prehistoric Art/Ancient Art
Ancient art refers to the many types of art produced by the advanced cultures of ancient societies with some form of writing, such as those of ancient China, India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Israel, Egypt, Greece and Rome.
Roman Art
Roman art refers to the visual arts made in Ancient Rome and in the territories of the Roman Empire. Roman art includes architecture, painting, sculpture and mosaic work. Greek and Roman Art has many similarities.
II. Classical Art
What is it ?
Classical Art dates back as early as 500 B.C. during the rise of the Greek Empire. Western and Classical Art Traditions are defined in one word and that is QUALITY!
Medieval Art
Western and Classical Art Traditions
We will be talking about 4 TOPICS:
1. Ancient Art
2. Classical Art
3. Medieval Art
4. The Principles of Art
They made numerous prehistorical arts such as Sculptures like the Terracotta Warriors , Bells like the Zhou Dynasty Bronze Bell, Potteries and many more...
Byzantine Art
It was extremely conservative, for religious and cultural reasons, but it retained a continuous tradition of Greek's realism. Byzantine Art excercised a continuous trickle of influence on Western European Art, mainly on monasteries.
Egyptian Art
Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization of Ancient Egypt in the lower Nile Valley from about 1000 BCE to 100 AD. Ancient Egyptian art reached a high level in painting and sculpture, and was both highly stylish and symbolic.
People of Mesopotamia made statues and sculptures during the reign of the Assyrians and Babylonians.
The ancient Greeks made pots, trophies, and wine decanters from the material wood and rarely stone and marble.
Classical Art was formed by three of the most influential types of arts made by mankind:
1. Egyptian Art
2. Greek Art
3. Roman Art
Egyptians used this writing system in which pictures and symbols stand for sounds and words. Hieroglyphics have over 700 symbols which is much more complex than the English alphabet.
Greek Art
Greek Art have excercised on the culture of countries around the world, particularly the art of sculpture and architecture. Its focus is Humanism and the belief of human kind's spark of divinity.
Hellenistic Art
Greek's Classical Art became Hellenistic Art during the 4th Century BC following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Triumphal Paintings
Triumphal Paintings became a type of painting during the 3rd century BC these paintings show military victories, episodes from the war, and conquered regions and cities, which was victory for Rome.
Romanesque Art
Romanesque art refers to the art of Europe from approx. 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in 13th century, or later, depending on the region. The term "Romanesque" was invented by 19th century art historians especially for architectures.
Gothic Art
Gothic art was a style of Medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture. It spread to all of Western Europe, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy.
Principles of Art
The principles of art consists of:
Rhythm and Movement
Harmony, Unity, and Variety
and Proportion
Rhythm and Movement
The medieval art of the Western world covers a vast scope of time and place, over 1000 years of art in Europe, and at times the Middle East and North Africa.
Movement shows actions, or alternatively, the path the viewer's eye follows throughout an artwork.
Balance is arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part. The three different kinds of balance are symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial.
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist.
Harmony is achieved in a body of work by using similar elements throughout the work, and gives an uncomplicated look to a piece of artwork or sculpture.
Unity is the concept behind the artwork.
Variety is the quality or state of having different forms or types, notable use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.
Harmony, Unity, and Variety
Proportion is the relative size and scale of the various elements in a work of art.
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