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The Easter Rising of 1916
Transcript of The Easter Rising of 1916
Easter Monday 1916
The rebels, led by James Connoly and Patrick Pearse, base their headquarters at the General Post Office in Sackville Street. Pearse announces the creation of the Republic of Ireland from the GPO. Michael Collins is also based at the GPO.
The Rebels begin capturing buildings.
The rebels have chosen the buildings and areas they intend to capture. The rebels capture The South Dublin Union, The Four Courts, St. Stephens Green and Bolands Flour Mill. The latter is very important as it covers the docks where troops will land.
The rebels have cut telephone lines which have cut off Dublin Castle. The British have gotten over the initial shock of the rebels actions and begin to organise themselves by bringing troops stationed near Dublin in. Dublin Castle then inform Lord French.
Lord French was the most senior British army officer based in London. French is an Irishman but is also a strong Unionist. Reports say that French has ordered four army division to be sent to Dublin to deal with the rebels.
The British army surround Dublin
The British army have surrounded the affected area in Dublin. They have based artillery in Trinity College. It would seem like the British intend to split the rebels in two by driving a wedge between them. Innocent people are being shot by the army.
The British begin their attack
The British army start their attack on the rebels. A gunboat named 'Helga' has been brough in to assist the action. Civillian casualties are high and the British flatten any building in their attempt to destroy the rebels.
One simple instruction
General Sir John Maxwell has arrived. The British Prime Minister has given him one simple instruction - put down the rebellion as quick as possible. The use of artillery has led to the city burning and the fire service are unable to operate properly.
One last stand
The GPO is in a state of collapse and the remaining rebels have escaped to a nearby building. One last stand is being made in King's Street but up against 5,000 British soldiers, the rebels seem to have no chance surviving.
The Rebels surrender
The rebels decide to surrender. James Connolly has been severely wounded and it was Patrick Pearse that had formally surrendered to the British.
Marched to the Gaol
The rebels are marched across Dublin to Kilmainham Gaol. They are mocked by Dubliners who have just seen part of their city wrecked. Damage to central Dublin is estimated at £2.5 million and around 500 soldiers and over 1000 civillians have been killed.
The Exucutions of the Rebels
The leaders of the rebellion were shown no mercy. They were sentenced to death by firing squad and were only publicly anounced after their execution. The publics opinion in Ireland then turned towards the rebels.
The End of the Rising
The public believed the executions had been unfair and that the trials should have been public. When it became known that Connolly had been tied to a chair and shot as he was so babdly wounded, there was a public revulsion in Ireland.The Easter Rising had finally ended.