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Transcript of Imperatives
Work in small groups.
Discuss the following questions:
What were you told to do?
Who among you did not follow directions?
What pronoun was dropped as the instructions were given?
What sort of word was used in expressing the commands?
Could you spot any prepositions in the commands?
Imperatives are command verbs. We use the imperative to:
"Check your dictionaries"
"Do your homework!"
give advice or suggestions
"Study English every day if you want to be fluent."
"Have some more coffee"
bare infinitive + object
Shut + the door
Go + to bed
negative imperatives add 'do not' before the bare infinitive
do not + bare infinitive + object
Do not + open + the window
Do not + forget + your pen
By the end of this lesson you will be able to:
Complete the second entry in your writing log
Explain how to use imperatives for giving instructions
Write one set of instructions using imperatives
a quick warm up....
RAISE YOUR ARMS
TOUCH YOUR KNEES
TOUCH YOUR ELBOWS
PUT YOUR ARMS IN FRONT OF YOU
PUT THEM ABOVE YOUR HEAD
Watch the video clip and answer the questions on your handout.
flexible (adj): easy to change
convenient (adj): suitable for your needs
economic (adj): not using a lot of money
register (verb): to put information on a list or record
credit (noun): money
protect (verb): to keep someone or something safe
'How to' Guide
Work in pairs.
Use your answers from the listening activity to create a guide to help others top up their oyster card.
In groups, think of three ways you could:
Leave a message for a friend without a paper, pen, phone or computer.
Make toast without a toaster.
Hit a nail without a hammer.
Mow the lawn without a mower.
Clean your teeth without a toothbrush.
Choose the best idea
In groups, write instructions to explain how to carry out your idea.
Swap your instructions with another group:
Read the instructions you have been given and decide:
Do the instructions make sense?
Are they easy to follow?
How could they be improved?
be short and clear
be in the right order
contain numbered steps
Write your own set of instructions for:
Mending a bicycle puncture
Baking a cake
Sending a text message
Playing a game or sport
Making a birthday card
Only choose one!