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Lord of the Flies

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vamcydher kilari

on 3 April 2015

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies

Chapter 9
Lord of the Flies
Chapter 1
Symbols
THE ISLAND
total isolation from rest of society
no contact with outside world
solve problems on their own
THE CONCH SHELL
law, order, political legitimacy
PIGGY
stands for scientific, intellectual aspects of civilization
thinks critically, determines productive use for conch shell
glasses: rationality, intellect --> help for fire
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 8
Chapters 10 & 11
Chapter 12
Enduring Understandings:
The learner will learn that…
• Humans can have a desire for power and control.
• Humans are capable of reaching great heights as well as great depths.
• Power can corrupt humans.
• Societies create devices to deal with natural human desires.
• Humans have essential characteristics intrinsic to human nature that can be judged as either strongly good or strongly evil.

Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 7
Simon
seen as a religious, kindhearted character
feels a deep connection with nature
and the wilderness
realizes it's not a real, physical beast that inspires the hunters’ behavior
seems to hear the lord of the flies speaking to him
--> threatening with what he fears the most

In the end, Simon is both natural and good in a world where such a combination seems impossible.
Outcomes
Learners will know that:

• Golding’s novel is an allegory of World War II.

• Authors use symbolism to reveal a message.

• The society within the novel is a microcosm of the world at the time and a macrocosm of each individual.

4/3/2014

Do Now: Take out your study guide and prepare for the unit exam.

Chapter 5
THE END
Essential Questions:
• What makes a leader effective?
• Why is leadership necessary in society?
• Why is power so attractive?
• What is a historical allegory? What lessons does Golding reveal to readers about the world in which he lived in this historical allegory?
• What are the markers of a civilized society and a primitive society? What are the traits of people who live within each society?

Setting
Time and place, physical details, and circumstances in which a situation occurs.
Settings include the background, atmosphere or environment in which characters live and move, and usually include physical characteristics of the surroundings.
Settings enables the reader to better envision how a story unfolds by relating necessary physical details of a piece of literature.
Characterization

Characterization- the way in which authors convey information about their characters.
2 types of characterization are:
direct- when an author tells readers what a character is like (e.g. "George was cunning and greedy.")
indirect- when an author shows what a character is like by portraying his or her actions, speech, or thoughts (eg. "On the crowded subway, George slipped his hand into the man's coat pocket and withdrew the wallet, undetected.").
Descriptions of a character's appearance, behavior, interests, way of speaking, and other mannerisms are all part of characterization.
Conflict
A conflict is a struggle between opposing forces.
There are two main kinds of conflict in stories: internal and external.

Internal
A struggle that takes place in a character's mind is called internal conflict.
For example, a character may have to decide between right and wrong or between two solutions to a problem.
Sometimes, a character must deal with his or her own mixed feelings or emotions.
Man vs. Self

External
A struggle between a character and an outside force is an external conflict.
Characters may face several types of outside forces.
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Society

Chapter One

1.What was Ralph's reaction to the idea that there are no grown-ups with them? (p. 8)
2.Who does Ralph say will rescue them? (p. 13)
3.What does Piggy believe has happened back home in England? (p. 14)
4.What does Piggy want to do now that they're on the island? (p. 14-15)
5.What do Piggy and Ralph find as they are wandering the island? (p. 15)
6.What does Piggy suggest they do with the conch? (Notice that Piggy knows how the conch works, not Ralph) (p. 16)
7.What happened when the conch was blown? (p. 17)
Chapter Two
1.How does Ralph decide the conch will be used? (p. 33)

2.Why does Jack want "lots of rules"? (p. 33)

3.What does Piggy make everybody realize? (p. 34)

4.Ralph says they will have fun until who arrives? (p. 34)

5.What do the boys hear about for the first time from the small boy? (p. 35)

6.How does Jack decide to take care of the "Beastie"? (p. 37)

7.How does Ralph make the boys feel secure? (p. 37)

8.What does Ralph say they must do to be rescued? (p. 38)

9.What does the reaction of the boys to Ralph's suggestion say about them? (p. 38)

10. How does Piggy react when Ralph starts climbing the scar? (p. 38)
Chapter Three
1.What did Jack look like as he hunted? (p. 48)
2.What has happened to his physical appearance? (p. 48)
3.Why is Ralph frustrated? (p. 50)
4.What has Ralph noticed about the littleuns? (p. 50)
5.What does Jack want to do before he's rescued? (p. 51)
6.What does Jack realize concerning the pigs? (p. 54)
7.How does Jack want to disguise himself? (p. 54)
8.What does Ralph accuse Jack of liking? (p. 54)
9.Finish Ralph's quote with something appropriate: "While I..." (p. 54)
10. Explain Simon and his retreat (p. 55-57)
11. What is the significance of the title of this chapter, "Huts on the Beach"?
1.Explain the meaning of the title of this chapter (you may want to answer this at the end, once you've read the chapter).
2.What did the boys do in the morning? (p. 58)
3.What sorts of things would happen during midday? (p. 58)
4.What are the names of the smaller boys? The larger boys? (p. 59)
5.What do the littleuns do in general? (p. 59)
6.Why did they obey the conch? (p. 60)
7.What does Roger do to the sandcastles? (p. 60)
8.What have the boys found? (p. 61-62)
9.With what does Jack compare hunting? (p. 63)
10. What is Jack's reaction to his painted face? (p. 63)
11. What was there about Piggy that never seemed to change? (p. 64)
12. What does Piggy want to make? (p. 64)
13. Ralph sees smoke. What does the smoke mean? (p. 65-66)
14. What does Ralph realize they are going to need? (p. 67)
15. What were the hunters carrying? (p. 68)
16. What is the meaning of Jack's statement, "You should have seen the blood"? What does this show about his character? (p. 70)
17. What happens to Piggy's specs? (p. 71)
18. What does Ralph do to assert himself as chief? (p. 72)
19. Why does Simon "lower his head in shame"? (p. 74)
20. What does Ralph decide to do at the end of the chapter? (p. 75)
Chapter Five
1.What does Ralph realize about himself? (p. 76)
2.Why does Ralph need Piggy? (p. 78)
3.Why does Ralph want water brought from the river? (p. 80)
4.Why does Ralph try to get the boys to act like humans and have rules? (p. 81)
5.According to Ralph, what is the most important thing? (p. 80-81)
6.What new rule upsets the assembly? (p. 81)
7.What does Ralph understand about the boys and their behavior? (p. 82)
8.What did the little boy see in the trees? (p. 82-83)
9.What is Simon's excuse for being out? (p. 85)
10. Why do all the children cry along with Percival? (p. 86)
11. Where does Percival say the beast comes from? (p. 88)
12.What does Simon think the beast is? (p. 89)
13. What example proves Jack's refusal to accept intelligent thinking? (p. 89-90)
14. What does Jack want to eliminate? (p. 91)
15. What does Ralph want from the adult world? (p. 94)
Chapter 1
8.When all of the boys sit in front of Ralph (who has the conch), what does Piggy do? (p. 19)
9.Who turned out to be the "creature"? (p. 19)
10. Describe the boy in charge of the choir. (p. 20)
11. What role does the choir take on? (p. 23)
12. What decision must the boys make concerning the layout of the land? (p. 23-24)
13. Who becomes the chief and how is this determined? (p. 23)
14. Why is Piggy upset with Ralph? (p. 24 and p. 21)
15. Describe how the boys have fun as explorers. (p. 25-26)
16. Who knows who made the tracks? (p. 26)
17. What happens to Jack when he tries to kill the pig? (p. 31)
18. Describe these characters:
a.Ralph
b.Piggy
c.Jack
d.Simon
Chapter 2
11. Who was not helping with the fire? (p. 39)
12. How are Ralph and Jack reacting to one another? (p. 39-40)
13. Why is Ralph constantly standing on his head? (p. 39)
14. What "society" are they referring to when they say that is "stops around them"? (p. 40)
15. How does Jack decide to light the fire? (p. 41)
16. Why does Piggy think the others will listen to him? (p. 42)
17. What excuse does Jack make for not listening? (p. 42)
18. Jack says they are not what? (p. 42)
19. What two things are the hunters' responsibilities? (p. 43)
20. What happens to the fire and what is the boys' reaction to the fire? (p. 44-47)
Example
Chapter 1 (Day 3)
2/11/14- Do Now: Journal Entry 4

Why couldn't Jack kill the pig? What was his excuse?
What is characterization in your own words? How does an author use characterization in literature?
Chapter 4
Chapter Six
1.Who is tending the fire? (p. 96)
2.What do they do when they see the dead pilot? (p. 98)
3.What do they claim they saw? (p. 99)
4.Why didn't Ralph blow the conch shell to call an assembly? (p. 99)
5.How was the beast described? (p. 100)
6.Why doesn't Piggy want them to hurt the beast? (p. 101)
7.How does Ralph and Jack's concern for the littluns differ? (p. 101)
8.What is Piggy's job during the hunt? (p. 101)
9.Why do Ralph and Jack argue? (p. 102)
10.Jack has explored everywhere except for which area? (p. 102)
11. What does Simon do? (p. 103-104)
12. What was the castle? (p. 104)
13. Where is Ralph going and why? (p. 105-106)
14. Who joins Ralph? (p. 106)
15. What does Jack say the rock place could be? (p. 106)
16. While on the mountain top, what does Ralph notice is missing? (p. 107)
17. What does Ralph tell them to stop doing? Why? (p. 108)
18. What does Ralph want the boys to do that the others don't want to do? (p. 108)
19. Why is Simon the only one to doubt the existence of a beast?
20. The conch represents democratic procedure. Why does Jack say they don't need the conch any longer?
Chapter Seven
1.What does Ralph want to do to make himself more comfortable? (p. 109)
2.What tries to attack Ralph? (p. 113)
3.What does Ralph do to the boar? (p. 113)
4.What happens to Robert? (p. 114-115)
5.Why doesn't Ralph want to leave Piggy alone all night with the littluns? (p. 117)
6.Who volunteers to go tell Piggy the rest will be late? (p. 117)
7.Where does Ralph want to go? (p. 118)
8.In what way is Ralph realistic? (p. 118)
9.Finally, Ralph lets Jack do what? (p. 120)
10. What does Jack do that surprises and frustrates Ralph? (p. 120-121)
11. What are the "green lights" in Ralph's head? (p. 123)
12. What did Ralph and the other boys see? (p. 123)
13. Why does Ralph ask Jack why Jack hates him? (p. 118)

1.What does Ralph want to do to make himself more comfortable? (p. 109)
2.What tries to attack Ralph? (p. 113)
3.What does Ralph do to the boar? (p. 113)
4.What happens to Robert? (p. 114-115)
5.Why doesn't Ralph want to leave Piggy alone all night with the littluns? (p. 117)
6.Who volunteers to go tell Piggy the rest will be late? (p. 117)
7.Where does Ralph want to go? (p. 118)
8.In what way is Ralph realistic? (p. 118)
9.Finally, Ralph lets Jack do what? (p. 120)
10. What does Jack do that surprises and frustrates Ralph? (p. 120-121)
11. What are the "green lights" in Ralph's head? (p. 123)
12. What did Ralph and the other boys see? (p. 123)
13. Why does Ralph ask Jack why Jack hates him? (p. 118)
Review of Chapters 6 & 7.

Start at 5:55.
Chapter Eight
1.What do Ralph and the big boys see? (p. 124)
2.How does Ralph insult Jack's hunters? (p. 125)
3.Jack blows the shell and expects others to obey it. Why? (p. 125)
4.What does Jack try to do to Ralph as he talks? (p. 126)
5.Why does Jack call for a vote? (p. 127)
6.What does Jack mean when he says, "I'm not going to play any longer"? (p. 127)
7.Why does everyone become cheerful and rather pleased? (p. 129)
8.What does Piggy realize about Maurice, Bill, and Roger? (p. 131)
9.Where is Simon? (p. 132)
10.What does Jack offer to the Beast? (p. 136-137)
11.What is worrying and frightening Ralph? (p. 139)
12.What does Piggy say they must do? (p. 139)
13.What are Jack and his group having/assembling? (p. 140)
14.Who has joined Jack's tribe? (p. 141)
15. Why do the boys refuse to vote for Jack as chief but slip off to join him later? (p. 140-142)
16. Why is the killing of the sow described in so much detail? (p. 135)
17. What does the Lord of the Flies tell Simon? (p. 143-144)

Beginning of Chpt. 9 Summary
Simon awakens and finds the air dark and humid with an approaching storm. His nose is bleeding, and he staggers towards the mountain in a daze. He crawls up the hill and in the falling light, sees the dead pilot with his flapping parachute. Watching the parachute rise and fall, with the wind, Simon realizes that the boys have mistaken this harmless object for the deadly beast which has plunged the entire group into chaos. When Simon sees the corpse of the parachutist, he begins to vomit. When he is finished, he untangles the parachute lines, freeing the parachute from the rocks. Anxious to prove to the group the beast is not real after all, Simon stumbles towards the distant light of the fire at Jack's feast to tell the boys what he has seen.
Chapter 9 Discussion Questions
Answer in complete sentences. Use notebook paper if necessary to complete your answer.

Identifying Facts
1. After Simon regains consciousness, what does he come upon as he walks across the mountaintop?
2. As it begins to rain, Ralph reminds Jack’s followers that they don’t have shelters. Why does he bring this up now?
3. Immediately after Ralph’s tirade, Jack tells his tribe to start dancing. Why? 4. Do the chanting, dancing boys recognize Simon? Why or why not? 5. What happens to the figure on the mountaintop? 6. What is the effect of the tide washing away Simon’s body?

Interpreting Meanings
7. Discuss the organization of Jack’s tribe and his position in it. Then discuss the kind of organization Ralph tried to establish with the whole group. How would you label each leader and each system? Which would you prefer to be a member of? Explain why.
8. The Lord of the Flies’ prediction that Simon would be killed by the other boys proves to be accurate. Did you expect this, or were you surprised? Was Simon interfering, something the Lord of the Flies warned against, or was he trying to save them all from the real beast, themselves?
9. What is the significance of the figure on the mountaintop dropping onto the beach and then washing out to sea? Remember Simon’s efforts to cry out his news to the chanting, dancing tribesmen.
Summary Chapter 10
The next morning, Ralph and Piggy meet on the beach. They are bruised and sore and feel awkward and deeply ashamed of their behavior the previous night. Piggy, who is unable to confront his role in Simon’s death, attributes the tragedy to mere accident. But Ralph, clutching the conch desperately and laughing hysterically, insists that they have been participants in a murder. Piggy whiningly denies the charge. The two are now virtually alone; everyone except Sam and Eric and a handful of littluns has joined Jack’s tribe, which is now headquartered at the Castle Rock, the mountain on the island. (Passage 156-157)

At the Castle Rock, Jack rules with absolute power. Boys are punished for no apparent reason. Jack ties up and beats a boy named Wilfred and then warns the boys against Ralph and his small group, saying that they are a danger to the tribe. The entire tribe, including Jack, seems to believe that Simon really was the beast, and that the beast is capable of assuming any disguise. Jack states that they must continue to guard against the beast, for it is never truly dead. He says that he and two other hunters, Maurice and Roger, should raid Ralph’s camp to obtain more fire and that they will hunt again tomorrow.

The boys at Ralph’s camp drift off to sleep, depressed and losing interest in the signal fire. Ralph sleeps fitfully, plagued by nightmares. They are awakened by howling and shrieking and are suddenly attacked by a group of Jack’s hunters. The hunters badly beat Ralph and his companions, who do not even know why they were assaulted, for they gladly would have shared the fire with the other boys. But Piggy knows why, for the hunters have stolen his glasses, and with them, the power to make fire. (Passage- pg. 166-167)

Summary Chapter 11
The next morning, Ralph and his few companions try to light the fire in the cold air, but the attempt is hopeless without Piggy’s glasses. Piggy, squinting and barely able to see, suggests that Ralph hold a meeting to discuss their options. Ralph blows the conch shell, and the boys who have not gone to join Jack’s tribe assemble on the beach. They decide that their only choice is to travel to the Castle Rock to make Jack and his followers see reason.

Ralph decides to take the conch shell to the Castle Rock, hoping that it will remind Jack’s followers of his former authority. Once at Jack’s camp, however, Ralph’s group encounters armed guards. Ralph blows the conch shell, but the guards tell them to leave and throw stones at them, aiming to miss. Suddenly, Jack and a group of hunters emerge from the forest, dragging a dead pig. Jack and Ralph immediately face off. Jack commands Ralph to leave his camp, and Ralph demands that Jack return Piggy’s glasses. Jack attacks Ralph, and they fight. Ralph struggles to make Jack understand the importance of the signal fire to any hope the boys might have of ever being rescued, but Jack orders his hunters to capture Sam and Eric and tie them up. This sends Ralph into a fury, and he lunges at Jack.

Ralph and Jack fight for a second time. Piggy cries out shrilly, struggling to make himself heard over the brawl. As Piggy tries to speak, hoping to remind the group of the importance of rules and rescue, Roger shoves a massive rock down the mountainside. Ralph, who hears the rock falling, dives and dodges it. But the boulder strikes Piggy, shatters the conch shell he is holding, and knocks him off the mountainside to his death on the rocks below. Jack throws his spear at Ralph, and the other boys quickly join in. Ralph escapes into the jungle, and Roger and Jack begin to torture Sam and Eric, forcing them to submit to Jack’s authority and join his tribe. (Passage- 180-181).

Lord of the Flies
Summary of Chapter 12
Ralph hides in the jungle and thinks miserably about the chaos that has overrun the island. He thinks about the deaths of Simon and Piggy and realizes that all vestiges of civilization have been stripped from the island. He stumbles across the sow’s head, the Lord of the Flies, now merely a gleaming white skull—as white as the conch shell, he notes. Angry and disgusted, Ralph knocks the skull to the ground and takes the stake it was impaled on to use as a weapon against Jack.

That night, Ralph sneaks down to the camp at the Castle Rock and finds Sam and Eric guarding the entrance. The twins give him food but refuse to join him. They tell him that Jack plans to send the entire tribe after him the next day. Ralph hides in a thicket and falls asleep. In the morning, he hears Jack talking and torturing one of the twins to find out where Ralph is hiding. Several boys try to break into the thicket by rolling a boulder, but the thicket is too dense. A group of boys tries to fight their way into the thicket, but Ralph fends them off. Then Ralph smells smoke and realizes that Jack has set the jungle on fire in order to smoke him out. Ralph abandons his hiding place and fights his way past Jack and a group of his hunters. Chased by a group of body-painted warrior-boys wielding sharp wooden spears, Ralph plunges frantically through the undergrowth, looking for a place to hide. At last, he ends up on the beach, where he collapses in exhaustion, his pursuers close behind.

Suddenly, Ralph looks up to see a naval officer standing over him. The officer tells the boy that his ship has come to the island after seeing the blazing fire in the jungle. Jack’s hunters reach the beach and stop in their tracks upon seeing the officer. The officer matter-of-factly assumes the boys are up to, as he puts it, “fun and games.” When he learns what has happened on the island, the officer is reproachful: how could this group of boys, he asks—and English boys at that—have lost all reverence for the rules of civilization in so short a time? For his part, Ralph is overwhelmed by the knowledge that he has been rescued, that he will escape the island after coming so close to a violent death. He begins to sob, as do the other boys. Moved and embarrassed, the naval officer turns his back so that the boys may regain their composure. (Passage- pg. 191-end)
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