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The History of Hinduism
Transcript of The History of Hinduism
http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch05d-ind.htm Beliefs in Hinduism The law of Brahman states that every living thing is an individual but in the spiritual realm all living things have the same spirit. TECHNICALLY Hinduism is a polytheistic religion because there is worship of more than one god. But, because of the law of Brahman Hindu people will say they are monotheistic even though all the Gods take different forms, they are all one spirit. There are 330 million Gods/ different forms of the same God/ reincarnation of the same God (you know what I mean. The three major and more widely recognized Gods: Atman is the realization of Brahman: That you and everyone else are connected and you know to respect everyone and everything. Moksha Dharma Reincarnation Karma Reincarnation Samsara How you act or treat others can affect you badly when reincarnated and trying to achieve Moksha. After death you are born again (if you are not yet achieving Moksha) as another human or animal and depending on your Karma this could give you good or bad Dharma. This is your duty in life and what you must accomplish and if not accomplished you must face either waiting longer to achieve Moksha or being reincarnated as something (animal) or someone of a lower rank. If in your last life you did accomplish your Dharma then you will be born into a family of higher rank or get closer to Moksha. The Cycle of Life After death you are born again (if you are not yet achieving Moksha) as another human or animal and depending on your Karma this could give you good or bad Dharma. Release from Samsara. When you achieve bliss or your final destination in life. It is where the soul no longer has any desire or suffering and is joined with Brahma and can forever rest. This is Brahma the Creator Vishnu: The Preserver Shiva: The Destroyer Literature Sacred Ramyana is a book about war and when India was under attack by the Aryans, family and a warrior's bravery. The piece of literary work named the Bhagavad-Gita (a part of Mahabharata) represents Hindu beliefs. (And I guess you could have put this under sacred texts but it is technically a literary work so it has been put in this category.) There are three main texts: Veadas, Upanishads and Bhagavad. Vedas was adopted by Hinduism from the Indus River Valley and is called the book of knowledge because it has traditions and worship in it. There is also the Upanishads which is a form of lesson teaching using forms of questions so that the one who asked the question eventually answers it through enough questions being asked. Unlike Christianity, there is no one text that describes Hinduism Hindu Texts Mahabharta is a story about the points of morality. This means that it is about staying true to your family but also to your Dharma. It is a very famous story in Hindu culture.