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Magic Lantern Presentation

English Media presentation on the Magic Lantern
by

Corey Mahaney

on 11 March 2010

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Transcript of Magic Lantern Presentation

The Magic Lantern Was an early prototype of
the modern film projector Pictures were hand painted on
photographic slides. The reflector reflects the light from the lamp towards the condensing lens which focuses light onto the slides. The lens tube magnifies the
illuminated slide that projected images from six to twelve feet wide can be obtained. The smokestack (chimney) serves to vent the smoke coming from the lamp. Thomas Walgensten was the first person to begin work on lantern projectors. He realized not only the technical and artistic possibilities but also its economic potential. Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Christiaan Huygens is the maker of the oldest existing Magic Lantern we know of. He was also the founder of the undulating theory of light and discovered the rings around saturn. In 1668 scientist Robert Hooke described a general projection arrangement for transparent and opaque objects in an article on Philosophical Transactions In 1685 Johannes Zahn described a number of projection arrangements using magic lanterns. He referred to the projection of revolving slides, projection-clocks, and suggested tracing book illustrations onto glass. As people began to tinker and experiment with the magic lantern new ideas began to arise. Coffe Shop owner Johann Schröpfer began to use them to scare/entertain his customers. This soon led to the creation of the Phantsmagoria, a precinema horror show in which a magic lantern was used to create illusions of terrifying images. A number of methods were used such as mirrors and translucent screens. In the early 19th century showmen, otherwise known as "Galantees" or "Savoyards", traveled around the country putting on Magic Lantern shows. They project the images in the streets on walls or sheets. These images frequently told stories. Sometimes groups of slides would be used to create or suggest movement. Magic lantern shows became very popular. Soon people began piling into theatres to watch listen to the stories being told through the images. They continued to be popular until the invention of the film projector made them obsolete. In 1663 people began making lanterns for sale purposes. As basic models of the magic lantern became easier to make, they became more available to the public. People could now afford to buy them and put on their own shows at home. Demand for these early projectors was equivelent to that of today's computer industry. It is estimated that at least 47 different varaties of magic lanterns were made available to the general public. END
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